253 IT Accounting IT Accounting is concerned with the amount of money spent in providing IT Services.
It allows an organization to perform various financial analyses to gauge the efficiency of the IT service provision and determine areas where cost savings can be made.
It will also provide financial transparency to aid management in the decision making process.
Several Cost Elements can be used to control your accounting: Capital Costs: Any type of purchases which would have a residual value as hardware and building infrastructure Operational Costs: Day to day recurring expenses cost like rental fees, monthly electrical invoices and salaries.
Direct Costs: Any cost expenses which are directly attributed to one single or specific service or customer.
A typical example would be the purchase of a dedicated server which cannot be shared and is needed to host a new application for a specific service or customer.
Indirect Costs: One specific service provision which cost needs to be distributed in between several customers in a fair breakdown.
A fair example is the cost associated to overall Local Area Network on which every customer are connected to.
Breakdown could be done using total amount of users per customer or total amount of bandwidth usage per customer to accurately distribute the cost of providing this service.
Fixed Costs: Any expenses established for long periods of time like annual maintenance contracts or a lease contracts.
These expenses do not vary in the short-term.
Variable Costs: Any expenses that vary in the short-term based on the level of services provided, resources consumed, or other factors.
For example, energy costs are variable based on the amount consumed. Charging Charging provides the ability to assign costs of an IT Service proportionally and fairly to the users of that service.
It may be used as a first step towards an IT organization operating as an autonomous business.
It may also be used to encourage users to move in a strategically important direction – for example by subsidising newer systems and imposing additional charges for the use of legacy systems.
Transparency of charging will encourage users to avoid expensive activities where slightly more inconvenient but far cheaper alternatives are available.
For example, a user might browse a dump on screen rather than printing it off.
Charging is arguably the most complex of the three sub-processes, requiring a large investment of resources and a high degree of care to avoid anomalies, where an individual department may benefit from behaviour which is detrimental to the company as a whole.
Charging policy needs to be simultaneously simple, fair and realistic.
Charging need not necessarily mean money changing hands (Full Charging).
It may take the form of information passed to management on the cost of provision of IT services (No Charging), or may detail what would be charged if full charging were in place without transactions actually being applied to the financial ledgers (Notional Charging).
Notional Charging may also be used as a way of piloting Full Charging. Related ITIL Processes Several processes in the ITIL model provide information to the Financial Management for IT process.. Service Level Management Service Level Management provides key information regarding the level of service required by the customer (SLAs) and therefore forms the basis for calculations of all three sub-processes.
Customers can only be charged for services agreed in the SLAs and based on the Service Catalog.IT SLA & KPI Management is a SaaS business application that allows IT organizations to track, set, report, and analyze IT performance and value measures for all services, vendors, and customers, as well as perform root cause and business impact analysis. Financial Management for IT Services (ITSM) 254 Configuration Management Given that the aim of Financial Management for IT is the stewardship of IT assets and resources, it is imperative that information from Configuration Management and in particular from the CMDB is available. Capacity Management Capacity Management are charged with planning and controlling the IT capacity requirements of the organisation.
Changes in capacity requirements – which usually increase – will inevitably lead to changes in costs.
This may mean unit costs will increase because capacity has to be increased in an emergency or it may mean unit costs will drop as a result of purchasing newer technology, economies of scale or increased purchasing power from an external supplier. Change Management
Read more about ITIL Model : Related ITIL Processes Several processes in the ITIL model provide….: