ITIL Planning : 97 97 99 104 105 106 107 107 108 109….

ITILITIL Planning : 97 97 99 104 105 106 107 107 108 109….

97 97 99 104 105 106 107 107 108 109 112 117 118 120 122 124 125 125 127 129 133 134 138 140 141 143 146 147 151 152 155 156 160 161 168 172 175 175 Desktop Outsourcing Device Management Forum DevOps Digital asset management VFinity DigitalFusion Platform Direct digital manufacturing Disintermediation Distributed development Document imaging DocSTAR Document management system Dot-com bubble Downtime Drill down Dynamic business process management E-Booking (UK government project) E-HRM Early-arriving fact ETM (Economic Traffic Management) EDIFACT EFx Factory Electronic commerce Electronic data processing Electronic Document and Records Management System Electronic Human Resources Enterprise bus matrix Enterprise content management Enterprise information management Enterprise IT Management Enterprise Output Management Enterprise portal Enterprise project management Enterprise wiki ERP for IT eSCM (eSourcing Capability Model) eSCM-CL eSCM-SP 179 179 180 185 188 189 190 193 195 198 199 201 205 211 214 215 216 217 218 218 219 222 225 230 231 232 234 236 250 251 252 253 257 258 260 262 262 264 European Research Center for Information Systems Executive information system Financial Management Standard FORTRAS GESMES/TS Global delivery model Corporate Governance of ICT Corporate governance of information technology Granular Configuration Automation Grey problem Hierarchical storage management High Availability Application Architecture Holistic Data Management HP ePrint HP FutureSmart firmware HP Open Extensibility Platform (OXP) Human interaction management IBM Tivoli Unified Process (ITUP) Identity Governance Framework IFPUG Imaging for Windows Incident Management (ITSM) Information management Information model Information protection policy Information security governance Information Services Procurement Library Information technology consulting Information technology planning Infra Corporation Infrastructure optimization Integrated Data Management Intelligent device management Intelligent workload management International Association for Human Resource Information Management The International Records Management Trust Intranet strategies ISO/IEC 19770 268 269 273 274 274 275 276 277 280 282 283 286 287 289 295 298 301 302 307 309 310 311 313 315 318 319 319 331 333 335 336 341 343 343 344 345 347 349 ISO/IEC 20000 ISO/IEC 27000-series IT Asset & Service Management IT asset management IT baseline protection IT cost transparency IT Interaction Model IT portfolio management IT risk IT risk management IT service continuity IT Service Management Forum ITIL Planning to implement service management ITIL security management jAPS Key server (software licensing) Knowledge Balance Sheet Knowledge management software Knowledge spillover League Lab Lean IT Legal matter management Library Review Local information systems Management information system Many-to-many Master data management Master of Business Informatics Material requirements planning Microsoft Customer Care Framework Microsoft Operations Framework Mobile business development Mobile document access MobShop Multifunction printer Mung (computer term) National Biological Information Infrastructure Network configuration and change management 351 353 354 355 356 360 362 362 366 380 395 395 396 403 415 416 417 419 420 423 424 434 435 436 440 444 444 446 447 451 454 455 459 461 462 470 471 473 ODMA OMII-UK One-to-many One-to-one (communication) Online analytical processing Open Cobalt OpenACS OpenIT Operational database Operational intelligence Operational level agreement Operational system Information technology operations Operations architecture OPIDIS Organizational Memory System Pathology Messaging Implementation Project People Capability Maturity Model Performance engineering Permission marketing Personalized marketing Piazza Telematica Pop-up ad Problem management Process-centered design Process-driven application Product Data Record Product lifecycle management Production Support Project portfolio management Purchase order request Razorfish (company) Real time enterprise Records Life Cycle Records management Clinger–Cohen Act Remote access policy Revere, Inc. 473 474 475 475 476 481 487 488 491 492 494 495 495 496 497 498 499 500 502 507 509 510 513 516 519 520 522 523 531 532 536 536 539 539 541 547 552 553 RPR Problem Diagnosis Runbook Selerant Sensemaking Service Catalog Service Desk (ITSM) Service Integration Maturity Model Service level requirement Service Measurement Index SFIAPlus Shadow system SigmaQuest Skills Framework for the Information Age SmoothIT project SMPI Socitm Software Asset Management Software factory Spam (electronic) Spam Lit Speech analytics Spreadmart Strategic enterprise management Customer support Sysload Software Technology management Telematics Test effort The UK Government’s Knowledge Network Programme Ubiquitous city UC4 Unstructured data User account policy Virtual chargeback Virtual filing cabinet Virtual management Virtual team Visual CMDB 554 556 557 558 562 563 564 565 566 567 569 572 573 577 581 582 582 584 585 597 599 601 602 602 604 605 606 614 616 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 627 634 Visual learning Web commerce Web operations Website promotion X12 EDIFACT Mapping Xinet XML/EDIFACT 635 638 639 640 640 643 644 — IT Service Management Forum The IT Service Management Forum (itSMF) is an independent and internationally-recognised forum for IT Service Management professionals worldwide.

This not-for-profit organisation is a prominent player in the on-going development and promotion of IT Service Management “best practice”, standards and qualifications and has been since 1991.

As businesses come to depend more on technology to promote and deliver their products to market, the benefits of adopting “best practice” IT Service Management and of becoming part of organisations such as the IT Service Management Forum are becoming more widely recognised.

The itSMF provides an accessible network of industry experts, information sources and events to help address IT service management issues and help achieve the delivery of high quality, consistent IT service internally and externally through the adoption of “best practice”.

Globally, the itSMF has over 5000 member companies, blue chip and public sector alike, covering in excess of 70,000 individuals spread over 53+ international Chapters.

Each chapter is a separate legal entity and is largely autonomous.

There is a separate International entity that provides an overall steering and support function to existing and emerging chapters.

It has its own website at .

The itSMF is concerned with promoting ITIL (the IT Infrastructure Library), Best Practice in IT Service Management and has a strong interest in the International ISO/IEC 20000 standard).

The itSMF publishes books covering various aspects of Service Management through a process of endorsing them as part of the itSMF Library. External links • ITSMF International • • • • • • • • • • • • itSMF Australia Chapter itSMF Belgium Chapter itSMF Croatian Chapter itSMF Czech Republic itSMF Toronto, Canada Chapter itSMF Gulf Chapter ITSMF India Ipanema Technologies, ITSMF member itSMF Japan Chapter itSMF Kenya Chapter itSMF Norway, Norwegian Chapter ITSMF NL Chapter IT Service Management Forum • • • • • • • ORSYP consulting, ITSMF member ITSMF Polish Chapter itSMF Russian Chapter itSMF Swedish Chapter itSMF Thailand Chapter itSMF USA Chapter ITSMF UK Chapter 396 ITIL Planning to implement service management The planning to implement service management is a set in the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework.

This set is about the alignment of business needs and IT provision requirements.

Besides, this set describes how to implement or improve IT Service Management within an organization and it describes steps to ensure that business needs and IT provision requirements will be met.

Furthermore, the planning to implement service management set is mainly focused on the service management processes, but also generically applicable to other ITIL sets.

An approach to implement or improve service management is the Continuous Service Improvement Programme (CSIP).

A CSIP is defined as: “an ongoing formal programme undertaken within an organization to identify and introduce measurable improvements within a specified work area or work process.” OGC_book All the activities within a CSIP regarding one single improvement can be visualized generically by using the meta-modeling technique.

This results in a process-data diagram (figure 1), which does not describe the continuous improvement activity of the programme.

The process-data diagram shows the relationship between processes and artifacts and this diagram consists of two integrated diagrams.

The left-hand side of the process-data diagram describes the activities (processes) and is based on the UML activity diagram.

The right-hand side describes the data (artifacts) and is based on the UML class diagram.

Meta_modeling The table of concepts and the activity description regarding the process-data diagram can be found in the paragraph Process-data diagram descriptions.

The process-data diagram shows the following activities: • • • • • create vision analyze organization set goals implement IT service management measure goals First, a vision has to be created and the IT and business strategies should be aligned.

The second step consists of analyzing the organization and its current position.

In this step an answer has to be found on the question ‘where are we now?’ The following step is about setting goals and priorities regarding the improvement process.

The fourth step is the improvement of the service provision itself and during the fifth and final step the improvement will be measured to examine whether the goals have been met. ITIL Planning to implement service management 397 The planning to implement service management set Every activity in the planning to implement service management set, as depicted in figure 1, will be further explained. Create vision As figure 1 shows, the first step that needs to be taken in the process is creating a vision statement for a CSIP.

The vision statement describes the aim and purpose of the CSIP on a high level and should align the different strategies of business and IT.

Additionally, the vision statement should be well communicated to the stakeholder, to create commitment and buy-in for the CSIP. Figure 1: process-data diagram Analyze organization After having created a vision an IT organization should analyze itself, wherein the question ‘where are we now?’ has to be answered.

A useful technique to determine the current position is the IT organization growth model.

This model determines the maturity level of the IT organization and is based on the Process Maturity Framework (PMF), as well as on the Capability Maturity Model (CMM).

The maturity of the organization will be determined in terms of vision and strategy, steering, processes, people, technology and culture.

It is also required to understand who the stakeholders are, because stakeholders have an impact on the CSIP.

This can be achieved by defining, identifying and mapping the stakeholders.

Additionally, the specific needs of the stakeholders have to be identified and this can result in a stakeholder assessment report.

The third step of the organizational analysis in figure 1, consists of assessing the current report and measurement system.

Knowing the current way of using and producing reports, facts and figures gives insight in how well the organization is steered, but it also provides information about the next activity ‘set goals’.

The last step in analyzing the organization is conducting benchmarks.

A benchmark is a useful management technique to improve performance.

In a benchmark different parts of the organization can be compared, like units or processes.

But also organizations as a whole can be compared in a benchmark.

It is important to determine whether a service management process should be benchmarked or not.

A focus on the relevant service management processes is essential.

The results of the benchmarks can result in the identification of gaps. ITIL Planning to implement service management 398 Set goals The next activity in the CSIP is about the agreement between business and IT regarding the required and expected future roles and characteristics of the organization, which are based on the current maturity of the organization.

The first step that needs to be taken is the creation of a business case to describe the added value and the justification of the CSIP.

The business case is determined by the current maturity of the organization and the organizational strategy.

A stakeholder assessment, conducted in the previous activity, can also be a contribution to the focus on the results and the aim of the improvement programme.

Furthermore, risks should be identified and managed.

An approach to risk management should be applied during the CSIP.

Mainly the risks related to the business vision, existing processes and the environment and business constraints should be managed to reduce the effects of those risks.

After having created a business case, a gap assessment report should be completed.

A gap assessment report is used to compare the current state with the future state of the organization and this results in gaps to overcome (‘where do we want to be’).

It provides information about gaps, risks and the prioritization on where to start.

Once a gap assessment report has been completed, there is a need for understanding and clarity.

That means that the problems and the following steps have to be presented to the key stakeholders, to establish creditability for the assessment and support concerning the change.

The following step is the creation of a plan for quick wins.

A quick win is an early success during an improvement programme.

In the plan for quick wins short term wins should be identified and attained to keep the improvement programme running and to keep the commitment level high during the improvement programme.

The last step is setting the goals regarding the improvement programme in relation to the earlier defined stakeholder needs.

A management tool for setting goals and measuring performance is the balanced scorecard. Implement IT service management The first thing to consider regarding implementing or improving service management is finding an answer on where to start (‘which service management process?’).

Before identifying a process that need to be improved, the first condition that needs to be fulfilled is that the organization should have documented its current and desired state, which includes a completed gap assessment report. ‘Where to start’ also depends on the level of maturity and the strategic goals of the organization.

Besides these dependencies, it is important to understand the interrelationships between all the IT Service Management processes.

Another aspect which should be taken into consideration during the improvement programme is creating awareness of the change.

This can be done by making a communication plan, which will give an explanation about the IT policy to the stakeholders.

The next thing to consider is how the changes are going to be achieved.

Achieving changes requires a reliable change programme.

To prevent a CSIP from missing its intended goals the OGC recommends [1] the approach from J.P.

Kotter, called: ‘Eight steps to transforming your organisation’ in combination with project management such as PRINCE2.

The main reason for using this approach in combination with regular project management, is that this approach also takes the softer sides of change into account like resistance to change and creating commitment.


Kotter studied more than 100 companies with regard to their transformations in the past years.

This has resulted in eight main reasons why transformations succeed.

The duration of the studied transformations was quite long, about six to eight years.Transformation_fail The eight main reasons why transformations succeed are transformed into eight steps. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Creating a sense of urgency Forming a guiding coalition Creating a vision Communicating the vision ITIL Planning to implement service management 5. 6. 7. 8. ‘Empowering’ to act on the vision Planning for and creating quick wins Consolidating improvements and producing more change Institutionalizing the change 399 These eight steps can be applied equally to a service management improvement programme.

The culture of the organization is a main issue to be taken into account during organizational change, because organizational change could support an implementation, and it can as well lead to resistance.

For that reason the organizational culture should be managed in order to avoid problems like resistance.

A critical success factor for a CSIP is the clear definition of accountability, roles and responsibility in relation to the new processes and the existing organizational structure.

New processes and working practices do often not fit within the existing organizational structure, because processes are often cross functional.

In other words, processes may run through the whole organization.

In this way new processes and working practices may introduce new roles, which may overlap the existing organizational structure.

The last aspect that has to be taken into account regarding the implementation of IT service management is training.

Training can contribute to a higher quality of service management and it can also lead to more productive and responsive employees.

Before setting up a training programme, questions like who to train, when to train, how to train and what to train should be answered.

For ITIL training see: ITIL Certification. Measure goals After the completion of each improvement process a Post Implementation Review (PIR) should be conducted to indicate if the objectives have been achieved.

This can be done by making a comparison between the achievement of the improvement and the goals earlier set in the programme.

When the results of the PIR are confirmed, new targets regarding improvement should be defined.During the improvement programme the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), which are earlier created during setting the goals as a part of the balanced scorecard, are needed to be constantly monitored to confirm the PIR.

Also, the improvement of the customers perception (customer KPIs) during the CSIP needs to be surveyed.

This can be done by conducting a regular statistical survey regarding customer satisfaction, also called a Customer Satisfaction Survey (CSS). Process-data diagram descriptions Table of concepts Concept Assessment Balanced Scorecard Benchmark report Business case Communication plan Cultural change Definition The classification of someone or something with respect to its worth. [6] An aid to organizational Performance management.

It helps to focus, not only on the financial targets but also on the internal processes, customers, and learning and growth issues. [1] A report that contains a comparison of performance between different organizations or between different units within an organization. [1] Information that describes the justification for setting up and continuing a PRINCE2 project.

It provides the reasons (and answers the question ‘Why?’) for the project.

It is updated at key points throughout the project. [7] A plan that describes how the IT policy will be explained to the stakeholders and as a result of this, it will create awareness in the organization. [1] The addition, modification or removal of the whole of the ideas, corporate values, beliefs, practices, expectations about behavior and daily customs that are shared by the employees in an organization. [1] ITIL Planning to implement service management Decision document A document which gives an answer on the question ‘Where should I start’ and depends on the completeness of the assessments conducted in the previous steps, like determining the maturity level of the organization, service processes and strategic goals. [1] A change management model, consisting of eight steps. [9] Gap analysis naturally flows from benchmarking or other assessments.

Once we understand what is the general expectation of performance in industry, we can then compare that with current capabilities, and this becomes the gap analysis. [10] The state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it. [5] A model that determines the current maturity of the IT organization in terms of vision and strategy, steering, processes, people, technology and culture. [1] The active employment of particular sets of measurement recommendations. [3] Measurable element of a service process or function. [1] Organizational change has two dimensions.

The first, OC involves a transformation of organizations between two points in time.

The second dimensions concerns the way the transformation occurs. [8] Responsibilities, authorities and relations organized in such a way as to enable the organization to perform its functions. [11] One or more reviews held after project closure to determine if the expected benefits have been obtained. [7] The planning, monitoring and control of all aspects of the project and the motivation of all those involved in it to achieve the project objectives on time and to the specified cost, quality and performance. [7] A plan which describes the quick wins (possible early successes of a project / improvement programme) to be made to keep a change effort on track and help keep the energy and commitment levels high. [1] The identification, selection and adoption of countermeasures justified by the identified risks to assists in terms of their potential impact upon services if failure occurs, and the reduction of those risks to an acceptable level. [1] A change for better services.

Service stands for: one or more IT systems that enable a business process. [1] A statement of the desired future state of the organization within the arena of competition defined in the mission, regarding service management. [2] An assessment which defines and analyses the stakeholders. [1] A goal which is brought in relation with the stakeholder needs. [1] A deliberate plan conceived in advance of the making of specific decisions. [4] A collection of activities that collectively implement skilled behavior. [1] 400 Eight step model Gap assessment report Goal IT Organizational growth model Measurement framework Metric Organizational change Organizational structure Post implementation review Project management Quick wins plan Risk management Service improvement SM (service management) vision statement Stakeholder assessment Stakeholder goal Strategy Training programme Table 1: table of concepts with definitions References of table of concepts 1.

Office of Government Commerce (OGC). (2002).

Planning to Implement Service Management.

London : The Stationery Office. 2.

Raynor, M.E. (1998).

That vision thing: Do we need it?.

Long range planning, 31, 3. 3.

Folan, P., Browne, J. (2005), A review of performance measurement: Towards performance management.

Computers in industry, 56, 7. 4.

Mintzberg, H. (1978).

Patterns in Strategy Formation.

Management Science, 24, 9. 5.

WordNet Search – 2.1. (2006).

Retrieved March 8, 2006 from Princeton Website: perl/webwn?s=goal 6.

WordNet Search – 2.1. (2006).

Retrieved March 8, 2006 from Princeton Website: ITIL Planning to implement service management 7.

Best practice. (2006).

Retrieved March 8, 2006 from OCG Website: 8.

William P.

Barnett; Glenn R.

Carroll. (1995).

Modeling Internal Organizational Change.

Annual Review of Sociology, 21, pp. 217-236. 9.

Egan, R.W., Fjermestad, J. (2005).

Change and Resistance: Help for the Practitioner of Change.

Proceedings of the 38th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences – 2005 10.

Definitions of Terms. (2006).

Retrieved March 8, 2006 from Balanced Scorecard Institute Website: http:// 11.

Development of Quality Assurance System in Higher Education(QUASYS). (2001).

Retrieved March 10, 2006 from University of Zagreb Website: 401 Activity description Activity Create vision Analyze organization Sub-activity Description Creating a VISION STATEMENT for service management which fits with the organization STRATEGY.

Evaluate current position Evaluating the current position can be done by assessing the , IT ORGANIZATION GROWTH MODEL.

This gives an indication of the maturity of the organization.

Assess stakeholders Assess current report and measure system Conduct benchmark Set goals Create business case Defining and analyzing the stakeholders and their needs, which results in a STAKEHOLDER ASSESSMENT.

Assessing the current report and measure system results in a MEASUREMENT FRAMEWORK.

Benchmarking results in a few BENCHMARKS, which can be used as a steering instrument and can be categorised in four categories, which are not further explained.

The IT ORGANIZATION GROWTH MODEL and STRATEGY determine the BUSINESS CASE (current position) which describes not only measurable targets, but also the costs, effort, benefits sense of urgency etc.

Managing risks results the artifact RISKMANAGEMENT, which is required by the BUSINESS CASE.

BENCHMARKS lead to the analyses of gaps to determine the start.

This activity results in a GAP ASSESSMENT REPORT.

A PLAN OF QUICK WINS is based on the GAP ASSESSMENT REPORT and is needed to convince the stakeholders of the changes/implementation.

Results in STAKEHOLDER GOALS, which is a generalization of GOAL Manage risks Conduct gap analysis Create plan for quick wins Set stakeholder goals ITIL Planning to implement service management Implement ITSM Select starting point Selecting a starting point can be done by creating a DECISION DOCUMENT, which initiates ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE.

The decision to start the implementation is based on the completeness of the previous activities see: Non-described rule Awareness can be achieved by creating a COMMUNICATION PLAN that supports ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE Managing org.

Change results in ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE and can be done by using the EIGHT STEPS MODEL combined with PROJECT MANAGEMENT Managing cult.

Change results in the artifact CULTURAL CHANGE and is required by ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE.

CULTURAL CHANGE encloses the soft side of the CHANGE.

ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE involves the ORGANISATION STRUCTURE, which may change aspects like authority, tasks, functions, roles etc.


Which training is needed, depends on the change.

This activity results in a POST IMPLEMENT.

REVIEW, which includes a comparison of the set and achieved goals/targets 402 Adapt results previous activities Create awareness Manage organizational change Manage cultural change Set roles Train employees Measure goals Table 2: description of activities and sub-activities Non-described rule • This activity will be started if no starting point can be selected.

In that situation, this activity will result in an adaptation of the already delivered incomplete products, such as a gap assessment report. References 1.

Office of Government Commerce (OGC). (2002).

Planning to Implement Service Management.

London : The Stationery Office. 2.

Weerd, I.

Van de (2005).

WEM: A design method for CMS-based web implementations.

UU-CS (Int.

Rep. 2005-043).

UU WINFI Informatica en Informatiekunde. 3.

Kotter, J.P. (1995).

Why transformation efforts fail.

Harvard Business Review, 59–67 In: Journal of Product Innovation Management. 13, 2 , March 1996, 170 4.

Hochtstein, A., Tamm, G., Brenner, W. (2005).

Service oriented IT management: benefit, cost and success factors.

Proceedings 13 European conference on information systems (ECIS 2005), Regensburg, Germany. External links • • • • • • The OGC website [6] IT Service Management Forum [1] The ITIL definition site [2] The ITIL Forum [3] The OGC successful delivery toolkit [4] OGC get best practice [5] ITIL Planning to implement service management 403 References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] http:/ / www.


Com/ http:/ / www.



Uk/ http:/ / www.


Com http:/ / www.



Uk/ sdtoolkit/ deliveryteam/ briefings/ ITIL/ index.

Html http:/ / www.



Uk ITIL security management The ITIL security management process describes the structured fitting of security in the management organization.

ITIL security management is based on the ISO 27001 standard.

According to ISO.ORG [1] “ISO/IEC 27001:2005 covers all types of organizations (EG

Commercial enterprises, government agencies, not-for profit organizations).

ISO/IEC 27001:2005 specifies the requirements for establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining and improving a documented Information Security Management System within the context of the organization’s overall business risks.

It specifies requirements for the implementation of security controls customized to the needs of individual organizations or parts thereof.

ISO/IEC 27001:2005 is designed to ensure the selection of adequate and proportionate security controls that protect information assets and give confidence to interested parties.” A basic concept of security management is the information security.

The primary goal of information security is to guarantee safety of information.

When protecting information it is the value of the information that has to be protected.

These values are stipulated by the confidentiality, integrity and availability.

Inferred aspects are privacy, anonymity and verifiability.

The goal of the Security Management is split up in two parts: 1.

The realization of the security requirements defined in the service level agreement (SLA) and other external requirements which are specified in underpinning contracts, legislation and possible internal or external imposed policies. 2.

The realization of a basic level of security.

This is necessary to guarantee the continuity of the management organization.

This is also necessary in order to reach a simplified service-level management for the information security, as it happens to be easier to manage a limited number of SLAs than it is to manage a large number of SLAs.

The input of the security management process is formed by the SLAs with the specified security requirements, legislation documents (if applicable) and other (external) underpinning contracts.

These requirements can also act as key performance indicators (KPIs) which can be used for the process management and for the justification of the results of the security management process.

The output gives justification information to the realization of the SLAs and a report with deviations from the requirements.

The security management process has relations with almost all other ITIL-processes.

However, in this particular section the most obvious relations will be the relations to the service level management process, the incident management process and the Change Management process. ITIL security management 404 The security management process The security management process consists of activities that are carried out by the security management itself or activities that are controlled by the security management.

Because organizations and their information systems constantly change, the activities within the security management process must be revised continuously, in order to stay up-to-date and effective.

Security management is a continuous process and it can be compared to the Quality Circle of Deming (Plan, Do, Check, Act).

The inputs are the requirements which are formed by the clients.

The requirements are translated into security services, security quality that needs to be provided in the security section of the service level agreements.

As you can see in the picture there are arrows going both ways; from the client to the SLA; from the SLA to the client and from the SLA to the plan sub-process; from the plan sub-process to the SLA.

This means that both the client and the plan sub-process have inputs in the SLA and the SLA is an input for both the client and the process.

The provider then develops the security plans for his/hers organization.

These security plans contain the security policies and the operational level agreements.

The security plans (Plan) are then implemented (Do) and the implementation is then evaluated (Check).

After the evaluation then both the plans and the implementation of the plan are maintained (Act).

The activities, results/products and the process are documented.

External reports are written and sent to the clients.

The clients are then able to adapt their requirements based on the information received through the reports.

Furthermore, the service provider can adjust their plan or the implementation based on their findings in order to satisfy all the requirements stated in the SLA (including new requirements). — Early-arriving fact  Source:  Contributors: Bakerkw5, Cander0000, DePiep, Dmausner, DragonflySixtyseven, GregorB, 1 anonymous edits ETM (Economic Traffic Management)  Source:  Contributors: Bearcat, Jsanzg16, Nurg, Racklever, Santryl EDIFACT  Source:  Contributors: Alynna Kasmira, Anphanax, Ashokkumarmuthu, AtlantaPI, Babelabout, Chrisj1948, ClementSeveillac, Cmdrjameson, Cohesion, Colonies Chris, Darrenpauli, EoGuy, Folajimi, FritzG, GDSDave, Gosimple, Grutness, Hjebbers, Inter, Johno10661, JustAGal, KevinScottNL, Koavf, Luckyz, Marc Mongenet, Matthewdingley, Moe Epsilon, Mukke, Mzajac, Neokilly, Nono64, Olivier Mengué, PaulXemdli, Pdw44wiki, Rajat Bhargav, Rogerd, Rolf Giesbert, Royan, Rugops, S.K., SahirShah, Sjakkalle, Somearemoreequal, Stephen Lange Ranzini, Tfotherby, Versageek, Wainstead, WillKeenan, Zakirshaik, 62 anonymous edits EFx Factory  Source:  Contributors: Andreas Kaufmann, Chris the speller, Edward, Gaius Cornelius, Jezzsa, John of Reading, Jpbowen, JustAGal, RichardVeryard, Sladen, Soumyasch, Uzume, Vegaswikian, Warren, Wigy, 14 anonymous edits Electronic commerce  Source:  Contributors: …adam…, .:Ajvol:., 10metreh, 2bar, 6birc, A Softer Answer, A8UDI, AAAAA,, ALargeElk, Abby1028, Adashiel, Addihockey10, Addshore, Agassi001, Ageekgal, Ahoerstemeier, Airlineinfo, Akamad, Alansohn, Alexa Foster, Alexville, Alfeewusy, Alhambra11, Allstarecho, Alok Tibrewal, Altenmann, Alvestrand, Amitch, Anaraug, Andrew.stilliard, Angr, Anna Lincoln, Antandrus, Antonio Lopez, Arakunem, ArglebargleIV, Ariedartin, Armanseth, Aroragalaxy, Ashford57, Ashley Pomeroy, Aspininteractive, Astronautics, Atiq321, Atlantia, Autiger, Avoided, Azmax007, B6E0, Badgernet, Baiji, Bak123, Barbeta, Barek, Bazaarbuilder, Bcvzzz, Beland, Bhadani, Bidabadi, Billgray50, Billt8, Bkell, Blehfu, Bob742, Boccobrock, Bomac, Bonadea, Bongwarrior, Booboobabez, Boomshadow, Bp102371, Brack-29, Briaboru, Brian Sayrs, Brian0918, BrianY, BrokenSegue, Btphelps, Bumm13, Bweilac, C.

Foultz, CALR, Calvinlough, Camelback, Camw, Can’t sleep, clown will eat me, Canderson7, Canterbury Tail, Capricorn42, Captain-tucker, Captainfandango, Carmichael95, CaseyPenk, Cd1111, Cevalsi, Ceyockey, Charliearmor, Chasecarter, Cherry369, Chimpanz6, Ching18, Chloe1983, Choisey, Chowells, Chrism, Christian List, Cjkporter, Ckatz, Cleanupman, Clive ellings, Closedmouth, Coach88, Colin_dellow, Colonies Chris, Cometstyles, Commercehelper, Conversion script, Coolcaesar, Coolhawks88, Coren, Corso84, Corvus cornix, Courcelles, Cp111, Craigsmith33, Cryptic, Crzrussian, Cthackers, Cutler, Cyanoa Crylate, Cybercrime77, Cyberpunkdreams, Cyrus Andiron, DARTH SIDIOUS 2, DS1953, Da monster under your bed, Damaro-sscharf, Damirgraffiti, Dan128, DanielCD, Danmilward, Dapps007, Darrendeng, Dasani, Dave2, Davidprice35, Davish Krail, Gold Five, Dawnseeker2000, Dchaffey, DeadEyeArrow, Deh, Delldot, DerHexer, Devellion, Deville, Devin87, Dinudana, Discospinster, Djhipflask, Dmerrill, DonaldHeng, Doristein, Download, Dradra, Dragonlordman, Dreadstar, Dsst-student, Durin, Durzman, Dvdpwiki, E.

Ripley, Ebr3ddigi, Edmonton1, Edward, Efthimios, Epbr123, Equendil, Erianna, Everyking, Evo584, Evyn, Ewlyahoocom, Excirial, Eyreland, F1Krazy, Fabrictramp, Fastalloy, Femto, Fetchcomms, Fieldday-sunday, Filbert, Finngall, Flavonoid, Flowanda, Fluffernutter, Force10roop, Foxtrot Romeo India Zulu Echo, Fracta, Fredsmith2, Funlake, G6abyss, GSlicer, Gaia Octavia Agrippa, Gaius Cornelius, Gamefreak117, Gandupj, Gary King, GetUWired – Small Business Web Hosting, Getcrunk, Gijswijs, Gioto, Gogo Dodo, GoingBatty, Gokuss000, Golbez, Golnaz1360, Gonzodog, Goobergunch, GraemeL, Greenrd, Grmx1995x, Gz33, HASEE-UK, Haakon, Hadal, HaeB, Hanssmellinckx, Happiness366, Hdzimmermann, Hearts of clear lake, Heimstern, Hellobob5000, Henhouse, Henry plantagenet, HenryLi, Hephaestos, Heyjohngreen, HoodedMan, Hsn mhd, Hu12, Ibmrg, Icestorm815, Imdabs, Imnotminkus, Info on us, Irazmus, Irishguy, IronGargoyle, J.delanoy, JHeinonen, JLaTondre, JSpung, Jackbower, Jackofwiki, Jackol, Jackson4u, Jake Wartenberg, Jameslet, Jared555, Jareme, Jarmo99, Jazoreo, Jbpkkh2011, Jenny MacKinnon, Jesco dalquen, Jiang, Jjrs79, Jlcook, Jmax-, Jni, Jnklein, JoanneB, Joekucker, Jog1973, JohnTechnologist, Johnmiltonjfu19, Johnnrep, Johnuniq, Johnwenceslaus, JonHarder, Jonnychallenger, Joycloete, Jpbowen, Jpgordon, Jtnoonan90, JzG, Kamakura, Karl-Henner, Karl.brown, Kelley pec, Ketiltrout, Key cee, Kharri1073, Khawari, Khazar, Kinaro, Kjames26, Kku, Kmankyle72, Kmayes, Kmorozov, Kosebamse, Kpjas, Kuchiguchi, Kungfuadam, Kuru, Kusunose, Kyng, LOL, Laohei, LeaveSleaves, LillyBlanche, Linda201103, Linkspamremover, Little Mountain 5, LiveDesign, Localh77, Lradrama, Lucidwave, Luke1396, M.thoriyan, MER-C, MK8, Mac, Madalino, Malcolma, Mansuetodigital, Maple626, Marc Lacoste, MarkSutton, Marrigoni, Martin Jensen, MartrtinS, Masgatotkaca, MasterDirk, Matt Gies, Matticus78, Maurreen, Maximus Rex, Mboverload, Meegs, Meekywiki, Memodude, Mentifisto, Merlion444, Michael Hardy, MichaelBillington, Michaelkourlas, Mikael Häggström, Mike Christie, MikeCapone, Minhadd, Misza13, Mjhoogev, Mjsvatek, Mma285, Monkeyman, Monty845, Moreschi, Morganeason, Morris118, Mrdice, Mydogategodshat, N25260, Nabarry, Nakon, Nate1481, NawlinWiki, Nerfer, Netesq, Newjohn1, Nexusdoan, Ngilmore, Nick007p, Nickptar, NightWolfe, Nirvana2013, Nks27, Nmnogueira, Nmurthyr, No1lakersfan, Nomob, NotAnonymous0, Notinasnaid, Nubiatech, Nuno Tavares, Nurg, O1ive, OMGsplosion, Ocaasi, Ogmios, Ohnoitsjamie, Oicumayberight, Old Moonraker, Oli Filth, Omicronpersei8, Onecco, Optic88, Orangeollie714, Oruflek, Osc4you, Oscommerce1, Oxymoron83, PL290, PM800, PS., PSiudek, PaePae, Pascal.Tesson, Patelviraln, Patrick, Paulister, Paxsimius, Pc ocn, Pedant17, Pedro, Percip, Peter johnson4, Phantomsteve, Phearson, Phil Boswell, PhilKnight, Philip Trueman, Pilotguy, Pinkadelica, Pjstarr, Plantsbrook, Plantsbrook1, Platinum design, Plinkit, Pmetzler, Poeloq, Pondle, Possum, Pratheep77, Pretzelpaws, ProductCart, Profnotime, Psharma1720, Qaqaq, Qwerty bill, Qwertybum, RJHall, RadioFan, Radnam, Ramoin1, Rathins, Razzatk, Rbanzai, RedRussia60, RedWolf, Reedy, Reggy73, Requestion, Retiono Virginian, Rfwilson45, Rhobite, Ricardo300395, Rich Farmbrough, Rider kabuto, Rjd170, Rjgodoy, Rjwilmsi, Rkitko, Rmspangler, Rob Abdul, Robert Merkel, RobertandKathy, Ronhjones, Ronz, Roue2, Rowswim, RoyBoy, Rudolph, Runnynose47, Ruud Koot, Rwilli13, Rzelnik, S Malvin, SCEhardt, SEWilco, SY2020, Sa.vakilian, Sam 1498, Sam Hocevar, Sander123, Sango123, Sania2009, Santanaquinta, Santanaquintas, Santanaquintass, SchfiftyThree, Sci-fry2001, Seelygant, Sephylight, Seth Nimbosa, Sgroiwes, Shadowjams, Shajalal, Shangrilaista, Sheky100, Shintohi, Shirtwaist, Shobhit jaiswal, Shoffy, SimonKSK, Sjakkalle, Sjjupadhyay, SkyWalker, Skybunny, Slakr, Sleepyhead81, Smalljim, Smart-shop, Smartyy1, SnowFire, Soph, Speed Air Man, Sporti, Staffwaterboy, StaticGull, SteinbDJ, Stephen Bain, Stev0, Stevietheman, Stevo1234567890, Suffusion of Yellow, Suisse2007, Superblu, Superworms, Suptegrove, SusanLesch, Svetovid, Swatjester, SyedHasan.Mahmood82, Syedhasanmahmood, THEN WHO WAS PHONE?, TTGL, Takumi22, Talking image, Tallac20, Teapotgeorge, Tech8000, Technopat, Teles, Tempshill, Teo64x, The Haunted Angel, The Rambling Man, The Thing That Should Not Be, The undertow, TheKMan, TheWeakWilled, Thegn, Thejeansdroop, Themfromspace, Theodolite, Thesecret16, Thingg, Think outside the box, ThinkEnemies, Thinkbeta, Thomas Larsen, Thunderwing, Thw1309, Timtamtoboot, Tintenfischlein, Tiptoety, Tomnap, Tormah hetah, Totus 11, Toytoy, Tr10d, Trevorb19067, Trialsanderrors, Trusilver, Ttonyb1, Turnkey Websites, Tylerdjefferson, U.S.A.U.S.A.U.S.A., Ukfashionhouse1, Uncle G, UnitedStatesian, Untchbl, Unyoyega, Upholder, Utcursch, Uvacss, VSabre, Veinor, Velella, Venom1blood, Versageek, Vespristiano, Victser, Vivio Testarossa, Voldemortuet, Walton One, Waterfox, Waterscapeman, Wayward, Weregerbil, Whisky drinker, Whoisjohngalt, WigsgiW, WikHead, Wiki alf, Wiki-vr, Wikiklrsc, Wikipe-tan, Williamctam, Willking1979, Winchelsea, Wine kid, Wisemankosi, WriterListener, Wrockca, Wwwild, X!, Xomid, Yamaguchi? ? , Yandman, Yesbaby, Ymelinkova, Yohay123, Yomaceo, Youssefsan, Yucamaster, ZimZalaBim, Ziplip, Zzuuzz, Ô, Žiedas, 1544 anonymous edits Electronic data processing  Source:  Contributors: A More Perfect Onion, Abtract, Angr, Apparition11, AvicAWB, CLW, Chris the speller, ClaesWallin, Derbeth, Discospinster, Folks at 137, Glenn, Hadal, Jerome Charles Potts, LMB, Lumos3, Masgatotkaca, Maurreen, Midgrid, Mspraveen, Mydogategodshat, Niteowlneils, Recurring dreams, RedWolf, Ronark, Rwwww, SJP, Stw, THEN WHO WAS PHONE?, TopGunSF, Vrrajasekaran, Work permit, Ziko, ???????? 05, 57 anonymous edits Electronic Document and Records Management System  Source:  Contributors: Bastun, DaOurZ, Greyskinnedboy, Nick Number, Ronz, Toddst1, Winterst, Woohookitty, 8 anonymous edits Electronic Human Resources  Source:  Contributors: Akray41, Cindamuse, Davidhaspas, Pnm, Rich Farmbrough, Seaphoto, Timrw, Tmol42, WereSpielChequers, 6 anonymous edits Enterprise bus matrix  Source:  Contributors: Alqayoom, Babylonian Armor, Bearcat, Ijha itu, LilHelpa, Santryl, Slasher-fun Enterprise content management  Source:  Contributors: 16×9, Aaronbrick, Accounting4Taste, Alanps, AlphaMatrix, Alusayman, Andrewpmk, Andy Dingley, Ankursen, Anna Lincoln, Antonrojo, Archite, Ash H., Ashleymayer22, Asocall, Barek, Bazzargh, Bctg23, BenjaminNeale, Bloodshedder, Bobrayner, Bonadea, Cameron Scott, Can’t sleep, clown will eat me, CanisRufus, Capricorn42, Car031, Casper2k3, CatSchley, Catfoo, Ceefour, Ceptorial, Chaojoker, Chophe, Chris the speller, Clinton0, Cmg07068, Cmosso, Cmstester, Colonies Chris, Correogsk, CraigBailey, Craigb81, Crusio, Cynical, DDerby, DabMachine, Danielchalef, Danieljames, Danim, DaveJohnsonSD, Dawnseeker2000, Deejmer, Docmgmt, Dougsey, Dragan Varagic, Dyun, ECM Dan, ECMExpert, ECMgirl, Ecm2006, Ecmguru, Ecmondemand, Elagatis, Eloi.gerard, EncMstr, EoGuy, Epbr123, Equendil, Evolve2k, Farkasattila, Favonian, Fdigital2011, Fmccown, Fotofan, Fratrep, Fred Bradstadt, Funandtrvl, Fæ, Gdm, Gedman, Gioto, GoodDamon, GraemeL, Grafen, Gvanrensburg, Gwern, Haakon, HaloProcess, Harvey the rabbit, Hebsgaard, Herbythyme, Hessamnia, Ian Pitchford, Info.abstracta, Iridescent, J.delanoy, J04n, JHunterJ, JLaTondre, Jaeger5432, Jauerback, Jmancini77, John Seward, Johnkmetha, Johntex, JonHarder, Jonverve, Joshuaklind, Jpbowen, Jsloey, Kaitlin510, Katiem222, Kevinxml007, Kff, Klsmith88, Kraftlos, Kuru, Kyle.Lindsay, Lambiam, Lee1872, Lfstevens, LilHelpa, Lkinkade, Longshot14, Luna Santin, Macwhiz, Maglish, Mahanchian, Manwichosu, MarkPDF, Marqoz, Mathisfenne, Matslats, Mattousai, MaxHund, Mbrousseau1, Merana, MichaelFrayDK, Mikelawrence1, Mild Bill Hiccup, Miyagawa, Mkmcconn, Mkuehn10, Monirugg, MrOllie, Muhandes, Mushroom, Napwilson, NawlinWiki, Nbvsrk, Ncw0617, Nick Number, Nmaquaire, Noq, Nurg, OBJECT1VE*CORPORATION, Ohnoitsjamie, Oicumayberight, OnePt618, Opagecrtr, Palapa, PaulHanson, Paulawalka, Pbaan, Peak, Pearle, Petrb, Pganza, Pippa007, PowerFlower, PriscillaBerry, Puneeta prose, Ray3055, RedLavaLamp, ReynoldLeming, Rich Farmbrough, Rjwilmsi, Rob smith 06, Rodamaker, Rogerbowne, Ronz, Rosiestep, Roystonea, Rwwww, S.K., Satori Son, Sebastian Pikur, Sharnden, Signalhead, Sindri, SiobhanHansa, Spliffy, Sprmw7, Squids and Chips, StevenBirnam, Storkk, Sunsaturn, Sworthy246, Tbyrne, The Thing That Should Not Be, Thehelpfulone, Therealpowerflower, Thingg, Thumperward, Tide rolls, Timc, Tjcoppet, TommyG, Trust2520, Ttallaksen, Ubiscope, UnitedStatesian, Van der Hoorn, Venache, Vendettax, VernoWhitney, Versageek, Vikramsetia, Vivicia, Voidxor, Volphy, Walkingbeard, Webmistress25, Welsh, Winterst, Wyatt Riot, Ytee25, ZimZalaBim, 468 anonymous edits Enterprise information management  Source:  Contributors: DARTH SIDIOUS 2, Doctorfluffy, JLaTondre, JasonLax, Jpbowen, Markcowan, MrOllie, Oli Filth, Pbaan, PigFlu Oink, RHaworth, Rberzle, Rprpr, Squids and Chips, Voidxor, Wikihelper9000, Winterst, Woohookitty, 29 anonymous edits Enterprise IT Management  Source:  Contributors: Benjoya, GregorB, Watpe01, Wikitawe Enterprise Output Management  Source:  Contributors: Adambro, Amirgil, FvdRidder, HPOMteam, Haikon, HarryAlexander, Jpbowen, Kku, Kubiwan, Nekohakase, Rjwilmsi, Sadads, Tikiwont, 11 anonymous edits 652 Article Sources and Contributors Enterprise portal  Source:  Contributors: 16×9, Adriantaylor2, Aftabaie, Ahoerstemeier, Amyyaley, Arjayay, Aryanic, Beezhive, Bonadea, Borg42, Bovineone, Bravo2zero, Bricktopbill, Caorongjin, Chadnash, CobraA1, Codrinb, CraigBailey, Cygnusecks, DemianGod, Dkushner, Drparin,, Enric Naval, Exor674, Falkayn, Fasihi, Foe2026, Geniac, Geodinca, Ghuron, Haakon, Harryboyles, Hoatle, Hrasteau, Iheartlondon, Ilmano, Ioannes Pragensis, Iridescent, Itsmetx, JBsupreme, JLaTondre, Jakku Hii, Jaycoates, JimHelwig, JonHarder, Jorgehenriquegarcia, Joseppi, Jsteinka, K6ps,, Lloydchen, Localtoolbox, Lulu78, M1ss1ontomars2k4, Manud fr, Maruthi Patlo, Maxxyme, Merylk, Mesgary, Mfogar01, Mlaffs, Mshafrir, Neelix, Newsingh, Nfguide, Nicolas1981, Nyttend, Obankston, OsamaK, Petrb, Piano non troppo, Police,Mad,Jack, Porterj99, Psvanstrom, R’n’B, Revelation8, Rjwilmsi, Samsammy00, SchuminWeb, See7tee, Semponna, Shadowjams, Somno, Sonyabraham, Sucker pvn, Sultanzahir, Svcook, Swaq, TarHippo, Tedickey, Telecomtom, TheMile, Tiberius Claudius Nero, Timeport101, Timvand, Toddrav, Truthbro, UnionSquare, William Avery, Woohookitty, YGE, Zadmehr, 175 anonymous edits Enterprise project management  Source:  Contributors: Andresvv75, Apapadop, Biljana123, Bonadea, Captainm, Cburnett, Ccpond, Crasshopper, Ct31, Donrayner, Dsp13, Elena1234, Excitingfuture, Fikus, Flopsy Mopsy and Cottonmouth, Haakon, Isismarketing, JarredTheYoutuber2, John of Reading, JonHarder, Jpbowen, King of Hearts, Kuru, Kylvag, Lerkey, LilHelpa, Luís Felipe Braga, MrOllie, Nbcruz, Niteowlneils, Peterpvw, Pm master, RHaworth, Reedy, Robertvan1, Smoothhenry, Solarapex, Sverin, Swapy jain, The Silent Contributor, Tubedale, Veinor, Ylebihan, 44 anonymous edits Enterprise wiki  Source:  Contributors: Abaqus, Apokrif, Bernd in Japan, Brainkeeper, Camerojo, Cganske, ChrisUK, DanielHansch, Davidz07, Davydog, Deepak D’Souza, Domguillermo, Donaldjbarry, Dubetantum, Elonka, EntWikish, Exeunt, Favonian, Gallaugher, GirlDog, Gnu-gnome, Grlloyd, He3nry, Heron, Ian Burnet, Iridescent, J.delanoy, Jarothbart, JzG, Kondara4, Lucid, Marclaporte, Mephistophelian, Mhenry07, Mmv-ru, Neverclear, Ofol, PeterThoeny, Ppetr82, Psantora, Ranafon, Risoto2000, Rkeurentjes, Ronz, Sergiu.dumitriu, Slmader, Steel, SteffenPoulsen, Stevage, Steven Walling, Teratornis, The Anome, ThurnerRupert, Toussaint, Waldir, Y0u, Yaron K., 70 anonymous edits ERP for IT  Source:  Contributors: AlonB, Charles T.

Betz, Coolelle, Emigdiolopez, Isuntangle, Jonik,, Margeru, Mjava, Mortense, Pnm, Raysonho, S.K., Stephen.andrew.lynch, Sunil patil12123, The Thing That Should Not Be, 20 anonymous edits eSCM (eSourcing Capability Model)  Source:  Contributors: GrapedApe, JHunterJ, MeganFox2, Olevy eSCM-CL  Source:  Contributors: EdGl, Gerry.avilez, GrapedApe, Jpbowen, Olevy, 7 anonymous edits eSCM-SP  Source:  Contributors: Elaine Hyder, Gerry.avilez, GrapedApe, Jpbowen, Kku, Olevy, Plrk, Rcawsey, Resurgent insurgent, Tabletop, 14 anonymous edits European Research Center for Information Systems  Source:  Contributors: Bluegreenblue, Guroadrunner, JonHarder, Karl-Friedrich Boerne, Lunalona, Mathmo, Mdd, Poor Yorick, 2 anonymous edits Executive information system  Source:  Contributors: Anna Lincoln, Annie E.

Clarke, Arpabr, AssistantX, Bellenion, Ben.c.roberts, Blanchardb, Boxplot, Brightmetrics, Chimin 07, Click23, Compo, Crysb, Cybercobra, DXBari, Derbeth, Edcolins, Elsendero, Gachet, Gail, GroveGuy, Gscshoyru, Gsmgm, HalfShadow, Ixfd64, JubalHarshaw, Kuru, Lelkesa, Logan, MER-C, Malathikp, Mark Renier, Mattisse, Maurreen, Mild Bill Hiccup, Mydogategodshat, Nuno Tavares, Oicumayberight, Pearle, Radagast83, RalphCEO, Ronz, Rxnd, ST47, Shyambajra, Silvioabela, Stevag, Tlou-zdong, Van helsing, 124 anonymous edits Financial Management Standard  Source:  Contributors: Elonka, Samhiggins1973, Shiftchange, 1 anonymous edits FORTRAS  Source:  Contributors: Fedor, RadioFan GESMES/TS  Source:  Contributors: Anch02, Bwilkins, Obodi, 11 anonymous edits Global delivery model  Source:  Contributors: Katharineamy, Maheshsingh, Malcolma, MarB4, Mirabellespots, Thecheesykid, Utcursch, 5 anonymous edits Corporate Governance of ICT  Source:  Contributors: Itgovernancenetwork, Singhalawap, Themfromspace, 4 anonymous edits Corporate governance of information technology  Source:  Contributors: A.

B., AMPJA, Adrius42, Alanpc1, Andyjsmith, Ash, Beland, Brandguru, CelloerTB, Charles T.

Betz, China Crisis, Cirrus Editor, Cnilep, Coreygorman, Cverlinden, DaddyAndy, Dandan1, David.t.bath, Djamund, Edcolins, Ehheh, Everton1984, Frank Kai Fat Chow, Gforcewebdesign, GilbertoSilvaFan, Hairhorn, HectorM, Hervegirod, IT2BE, IvanLanin, JEH, Joe3600, Jpbowen, Juanpablosoto, Juster84, Jzupan, Khalid hassani, Kim Maes 23,, Kitdaddio, Kku, Kubanczyk, Kuru, LMPerry, LOL, Leoplus, Lumos3, Mantagroup, Marsim, Mgillett, Mild Bill Hiccup, Mmiriam, Moonriddengirl, NSR, Nancy, Nickcarr, Olivier.bally, Ps07swt, Randomalious, Rcardenas, Renaultal, Rich Farmbrough, Richard Bartholomew, RichardVeryard, Rkaseler, Rodecode, Ronz, Roystonea, Sadads, Saurabhdutta, Singhalawap, Steverapaport, Supadawg, TScabbard, Technopilgrim, Televi, TheTito, Tonywhite68, Vaceituno, Van helsing, Wayraw, Wiki3 1415, Xerstau, Yogishpai, 118 anonymous edits Granular Configuration Automation  Source:  Contributors: Bearcat, Fetchcomms, Fstop22, Grafen, Jpbowen, My76Strat, Nick Number, SteveLoughran, 2 anonymous edits Grey problem  Source:  Contributors: Credible58, DH85868993, Jpbowen, LilHelpa, Nikkimaria, T@nn, 2 anonymous edits Hierarchical storage management  Source:  Contributors: Acertain, Alexius08, Alvestrand, AugieWest, Axter, Betacommand, Bissinger, Corto, Cryptic, Fairwin99, Fryed-peach, Guy Harris, Headphone Jack, J04n, JMAN1156, JoanneB, Kbdank71, Kubanczyk, Macrakis, Marketing PoINT, Michael.meseke, Nafets-0791, NapoliRoma, Peter bertok, Poli, Pugglewuggle, Radagast83, Raysonho, Rbarreira, Reedy, Rich257, Rmky87, Rocinante9x, Rroloff, Rudnuts, SimonP, SoleraTec, Thomas.uhl, ThomasGN, Woohookitty, Xaminmo, YUL89YYZ, 54 anonymous edits High Availability Application Architecture  Source:  Contributors: Alice.haugen, Chowbok, Fabrictramp, Funandtrvl, J04n, Katharineamy, Malcolma, Mpurinton, Rror, TMango, Woohookitty Holistic Data Management  Source:  Contributors: Cander0000, DePiep, GregorB, Homoregie, Zollerriia, 1 anonymous edits HP ePrint  Source:  Contributors: GoingBatty, IntraconNA, Lrcubero, Portante, R’n’B, Zundark, 3 anonymous edits HP FutureSmart firmware  Source:  Contributors: Lrcubero, Severo HP Open Extensibility Platform (OXP)  Source:  Contributors: Bearcat, Flyingprogrammer, IntraconNA, Khazar, Lrcubero, Sn rlly, Sw2008, 1 anonymous edits Human interaction management  Source:  Contributors: Adoble, Ammalu, Ansell, Bnorrie, Doug Bell, JasonLax, Joel Alcalay, Keith.harrison-broninski, Martin.ashcroft, Michael Hardy, Pgagge, Reinyday, Rightbrainguy, Yandman, Zzuuzz, 16 anonymous edits IBM Tivoli Unified Process (ITUP)  Source:  Contributors: Chowbok, Eustress, Giraffedata, IDefx, Kubanczyk, MikeDogma, MrOllie, Palbright, WeisheitSuchen, Woohookitty, 6 anonymous edits Identity Governance Framework  Source:  Contributors: Dawn Bard, John of Reading, Pjdhunt, Pnm, SatyrTN, 9 anonymous edits IFPUG  Source:  Contributors: Adri Timp, Beano, Ebyabe, IFPUG1, JeepdaySock, JoeScho, Kenilworth Terrace, Mihir.pattanaik, Phoebe, Robertvan1, Uncle G, 3 anonymous edits Imaging for Windows  Source:  Contributors: Colonies Chris, Computerjoe, DanielPharos, Dlrohrer2003, Dougbertram, Eric Kvaalen, Formerly the IP-Address, Hu12, JonHarder, Jonnabuz, JubalHarshaw, Pasquale, Pearle, Prolog, RaviC, Rich Farmbrough, Sdbluhm, Techmdrn, Voidvector, 29 anonymous edits Incident Management (ITSM)  Source:  Contributors: Bizservice, Bonadea, Camw, Charles T.

Betz, Danielgwj, David James Bailey, Djryan, Griffiniii, Hadrianheugh, Harshdave50, Jpbowen, Jusdafax, Markhoney, Materialscientist, Mgillett, Miquel Nogué, Nsaa, Patchworker, Rjwilmsi, Scotharkins, SunSw0rd, 46 anonymous edits Information management  Source:  Contributors: 7, AIMSinfo, AJackl, Agendum, AndyB, Bumm13, Carrielle, ChrisCork, Dawnseeker2000, Delaszk, Dfrg.msc, El grimley, Evert r, Glendac, Glenn, Gurchzilla, Hadal, Harkonlucas, Heidijane, Hintss, Ja 62, JennyRad, Jinhyuk, JoseREMY, Jpbowen, Julcia, Kai a 653 Article Sources and Contributors simon, L mahonsmith, Lead Farmer, Lepti, LibLord, Lietviki, Lupin, Malcolmxl5, Mark.s.patrick, Markcowan, Maxim Masiutin, MrOllie, NeilN, Nighthawk2050, O1eqlsfun, Oicumayberight, Oli Filth, Pawl Kennedy, Pheasantplucker, Poddly, Prof 7, Ronz, Rudowsky, SiobhanHansa, Someguy1221, SouthLake, Stan3000, Strikers 2, The Thing That Should Not Be, TrisDG, Tthheeppaarrttyy, Useight, V8Tbird, Veridia, Versageek, Versus22, Vespristiano, Veyklevar, Walexino, Wavelength, Wiffy, Wstankich, Ycsinger, 151 anonymous edits Information model  Source:  Contributors: AndriesVanRenssen, Asparagus, Buenasdiaz, Charles Matthews, EagleFan, Gandalf44, John of Reading, Liyu, Mammux, Mark Renier, Mdd, Modify, Princess Tiswas, R’n’B, Sascha Silbe, ShelfSkewed, Warren, ? ? ? , 21 anonymous edits Information protection policy  Source:  Contributors: Frank Kai Fat Chow, PamD, Samohyl Jan, Zodon, 1 anonymous edits Information security governance  Source:  Contributors: Cascadeuse, Mauls, Nigholith, Ophirz, Pegship, Ronz, Shonharris, 10 anonymous edits Information Services Procurement Library  Source:  Contributors: Betacommand, ChrisG, ESkog, Grenavitar, Greyskinnedboy, Jorrit, Jstruve, Malo, Mcalukin, Mdd, Niteowlneils, R’n’B, Ravedave, Spiritofdeaddog, Tagishsimon, The Thing That Should Not Be, Uncle G, 10 anonymous edits Information technology consulting  Source:  Contributors: 10metreh, Aboutmovies, Afrasiatan, Alex mayorga, Allengeer, Allstarecho, Angr, Appsall, Arcadian, Arcroft, Balgovindpandey, Barneca, Bdelisle, Bearcat, Benjaminconnelly, Bflory, Bonadea, Bongomatic, Bongwarrior, C.subhaker, Ccrawford, Centralb, Chennaivennai, Chinnailu, Citiface, Ckatz, Clegasse, Coagmano, Cocomaxwater, Codeculturist, Consultingm2p, Corti, Cqjb, D, DanielPenfield, Danielmyasnikov, Datamatics, Delllatitude, Doulos Christos, DuncanHill, Edward321, Effer, Eszo, Fan-1967, Fastily, Flexijane, Fram, Franklin90210, G900, Gary King, Gnanapiti, GraemeL, Greenmind, Hatch68, Hellfiresays, Henriquemschneider, Hubudi, Hyrden, Imran Quazi, IronGargoyle, Iteamllc, Itegbsystems, Itohacs, J.delanoy, J.smith, JHP, Jagged, Jamesasuncion, Janviermichelle, Jaxtro, Jayvirgil, Jobshoppinfool, JonHarder, JuJube, Kelly Martin, Ken Gallager, Khatru2, Kingturtle, Kku, Kuru, Kuzaar, Lbbzman, Lectonar, Linkspamremover, Lmumba, MarkBrooks, Mdd, Meand, Mhinyc, Michael Zimmermann, Michelle192837, Microagility, Mike Dillon, Mikeblas, Mini-Geek, Mpavankumar, Muru123, Mwanner, Nickynicky 01, Nicolas1981, Njan, Nobunaga24, Noformation, Nssvn, Nubin wiki, NuclearWarfare, Ojlee, Paolonalin, Patriciaa, PaulHanson, Pavel Vozenilek, Pbook8989, Pdcook, Pengu, Ph6971, Phanikumarps, Philippe, Pk73622, Ponyo, Pramukh Arkalgud Ganeshamurthy, Pratimaa, Psantora, RJFJR, Reedy, Reisio, Retiono Virginian, Rhobite, Rjwilmsi, Robert, Robertducon, RobyWayne, Rogerd, Ronz, S.K., S3000, Saga City, Sahyogi, Scm83x, Search4Lancer, Serhio, Serketan, Shaysom09, Shijaz, Silicon plains, Skura Corporation, Snehpawan, SoWhy, Speciate, Splash, Ssramkumar, Stevag, Stevenburris, Stevenmitchell, Subikar, Sunil1234b, Szijlstr, T0m, Taco325i, Taibah U, TenPoundHammer, Tmazzullo, Tom.serres, Tonypptony, UnitedStatesian, Vbakke, Veinor, WaltBusterkeys, Web&ITSolutions, Wikifiles, WolfgangFaber, Xezbeth, Yoshi Canopus, Zainasheen, Zigo1232, Zipdrugs, Zondor, Zzuuzz, `Chimes` 1929`, 490 anonymous edits Information technology planning  Source:  Contributors: Boson, Chowbok, Falcon8765, Jlamis, ThaddeusB, 4 anonymous edits Infra Corporation  Source:  Contributors: Graeme Bartlett, Ken Gallager, Rjwilmsi, Ta bu shi da yu, Tbsdy lives, Tjarrett, Waacstats, 1 anonymous edits Infrastructure optimization  Source:  Contributors: Ahunt, Belovedfreak, Chowbok, Fabrictramp, Frap, Katharineamy, Kku, Koavf, Nurg, Opagecrtr, Pascal666, Pcap, Ryan Norton, Slwri, Svarya, 2 anonymous edits Integrated Data Management  Source:  Contributors: Chafas, Chris the speller, Debresser, Pascal666, Pierre1209, Rich Farmbrough, 1 anonymous edits Intelligent device management  Source:  Contributors: Big Smooth, Chowbok, DanielPenfield, Deon, Esprida, Getreal19, Jhealey, John542555, JonHarder, Martin Hollender, Nelson50, Pigman, Pixel Eater, Sonic1980, Sturmgeist, TheParanoidOne, Tomerl, 26 anonymous edits Intelligent workload management  Source:  Contributors: Mtg1977, Nick Number, Nono64, Robofish, 1 anonymous edits International Association for Human Resource Information Management  Source:  Contributors: EdGl, Johngreer353, MuffledThud, RHaworth, Tdc2009, Whpq, 9 anonymous edits The International Records Management Trust  Source:  Contributors: Fetchcomms, GrahamHardy, Srip, 1 anonymous edits Intranet strategies  Source:  Contributors: Arbitrary doll, Athaenara, Chris the speller, Fuhghettaboutit, Masgatotkaca, Maurreen, Michael Hardy, Mydogategodshat, Nurg, Orlandob, Paxse, Piano non troppo, Zzuuzz, 23 anonymous edits ISO/IEC 19770  Source:  Contributors: Cekir, Davidgproctor, Digisus, Emijrp, GregorB, J Milburn, Jazzdanse, LA2, Lmatt, Miked27, Nasa-verve, RichardVeryard, Rjwilmsi, Wired64, 16 anonymous edits ISO/IEC 20000  Source:  Contributors: A.

B., Alanpc1, Alkazzi, Annafriel, Beland, Binarygal, Bitsm, Bobioso, Crazy Ivan2, Cruzlee, Djharrity, Ehn, Elwikipedista, FlyHigh, Ghw777, GregorB, Greyster, ITServiceGuy, IvanLanin, JDBravo, Jpbowen, Kuru, Linzn, Lkinkade, MMSequeira, Mgillett, Mild Bill Hiccup, Nasa-verve, Nicolas Ray, NoticeBored, RayGates, Snori, Tanvir Ahmmed, Think Fast, Xsmith, 69 anonymous edits ISO/IEC 27000-series  Source:  Contributors: A.

B., AlephGamma, AlexandreDulaunoy, Burt Harris, Djo3500, GregorB, Nasa-verve, NoticeBored, Nzjoe, Ron519098, Sagsaw, Star reborn, Tevildo, Zonecast, 34 anonymous edits IT Asset & Service Management  Source:  Contributors: Cander0000, Coppertwig, Davidgproctor, Jac16888, Miq, Ndunruh, Patchy1, RJFJR IT asset management  Source:  Contributors: Baa, Barek, Bped1985, Consultebs, Craigwb, DMD2007, Danlamb, Dennisc68, Dgtsyb, Dinkytown, DoriSmith, Epbr123, Harryair02, Hu12, Iridescent, Itamevents, Itassetmanagement, J04n, JSITAM, JonHarder, Kku, Kmsiever, Kuru, LoverOfTheRussianQueen, Malo, Marudubshinki, Maurice Carbonaro, Naina Jain, Nissimsd, Pearle, Pmenefee, Raysonho, Rkaseler, Sdp desk, Stephenb, TEMOrg, Teapotgeorge, 58 anonymous edits IT baseline protection  Source:  Contributors: Rhoerbe, Rich Farmbrough, Richard Bartholomew, 2 anonymous edits IT cost transparency  Source:  Contributors: Ariebsomer, ChildofMidnight, CostCustodian, Jrg wiki, Juanparve, Kuru, M.Amato, Mbonadio, NOKESS, Nmazis, Open2universe, Paalappoo, Sceledrus, Sepersann, 8 anonymous edits IT Interaction Model  Source:  Contributors: Bstephens393, Chinwaggy, Hull MIS, MISHull, Minnaert, Tomst IT portfolio management  Source:  Contributors: 1400degrees, Abbshore, Akbradford, Arpabr, Athaenara, Barrylb, Cbcurran, Charles T.

Betz, Cireshoe, Corn Neck, DARTH SIDIOUS 2, DeadlyAssassin, Dnstrom, Dwbrockway, Edcolins, Forestsmith, Graeme Bartlett, Gurch, Haakon, Hervegirod, Hu12, Jainvinay04, Jkaplan143, Jmlk17, Jncraton, Jowanner, Jpbowen, Kukini, Kuru, LOL, Madhava 1947, Malcolma, Mdd, Mgillett, Mnbaqir, MrOllie, Nasnema, Nickmalik, Notinasnaid, Plrk, Pmollins, Poweroid, Randybindia, Reedy, Richard R White, Rlasky, Ronz, Salliesatt, Shajela, Sstaunb, Stevendoll, Tedder, Titusmars, TreasuryTag, Yanksox, 70 anonymous edits IT risk  Source:  Contributors: 2, Alexa75, Andreas Kaufmann, Ben Ben, Dzsi, Frap, GoingBatty, Kubanczyk, LilHelpa, Martarius, Mo ainm, Pastore Italy, Pnm, Pradameinhoff, Tinucherian, Utcursch, Wingfamily, Woohookitty, 3 anonymous edits IT risk management  Source:  Contributors: Chris the speller, CommonsDelinker, Gaius Cornelius, Hmains, Itsecpardis, Pastore Italy, Pnm, Scalebusy, 4 anonymous edits IT service continuity  Source:  Contributors: BCM adviser, Dina, Fishal, Jrockley, Mousey.Mouse, MrOllie, Quickstep25, Tinucherian, 1 anonymous edits IT Service Management Forum  Source:  Contributors: AMPJA, Akoszlajda, Beland, Bernburgerin, Cgroberts, Cheminfr, Dwineman, Flauto Dolce, Gonzague, Greyster, Hassen.Houssein, Itsmi, Janeirik, Josh Parris, LizJB, Master Of Ninja, Mgillett, Nissimsd,, Qqqqqq, R’n’B, RxS, Sensibleman, Ta bu shi da yu, Xsmith, 22 anonymous edits ITIL Planning to implement service management  Source:  Contributors: 9Nak, Allstar18, Amatriain, Annafriel, Lluinenb, Mdd, MikeDogma, Raysonho, Rjwilmsi, WeisheitSuchen, 22 anonymous edits 654 Article Sources and Contributors ITIL security management  Source:  Contributors: Ant, Aspects, Bejnar, Conniecchang, Covington, EagleFan, HvL, J04n, Jlmata, Jncraton, John of Reading, Kuru, Mauls, Mgillett, Mjanulaitis, RHaworth, Saxbryn, Schoenjj, Siebrand, The Thing That Should Not Be, Vaceituno, Woohookitty, 26 anonymous edits jAPS  Source:  Contributors: 16×9, Blakvswite, Dawynn, Deor, Eagleal, Frap, Funky97, Galloping Moses, Geniac, Gioto, Hence Jewish Anderstein, Icey, John Vandenberg, Kesshaka, Kl4m, Kl4m-AWB, Kozuch, MacGyverMagic, Mariwi, Mean as custard, Oda Mari, Pino100, Robyquare, Stormbay, Vipinhari, Wiz of Id, 28 anonymous edits Key server (software licensing)  Source:  Contributors: Alexbrennen, Djmckee1, EdgeOfEpsilon, Ewlyahoocom, Gregory js, Haakon, Jazzdanse, Karra.sun, Kralizec!, Manishearth, Pietdesomere, R’n’B, Stephan Leeds, Thumperward, Tycho, Woohookitty, 3 anonymous edits Knowledge Balance Sheet  Source:  Contributors: Dominik2010, Fæ, MarB4, RHaworth, Stan3000, 1 anonymous edits Knowledge management software  Source:  Contributors: Andrewspencer, Andygray.yo, Chire, ClubOranje, Eeekster, Gculpin, Harvey the rabbit, Iridescent, Maxcali, Nasa-verve, Phpkb, Pmillist, Rbmscc, Ronz, SchuminWeb, Smoore061, Spy99, TheAllSeeingEye, Themfromspace, Topiarydan, Vraya, 19 anonymous edits Knowledge spillover  Source:  Contributors: Bebestbe, Djpugel, Extraordinary, Geniac, Harvey the rabbit, If on a winters night, John Quiggin, LeBleu, Pjoef, Rich Farmbrough, Sross (Public Policy), 9 anonymous edits League Lab  Source:  Contributors: BD2412, Hootsk, Tesscass Lean IT  Source:  Contributors: 2aprilboy, 5 albert square, AliveFreeHappy, Ash, Benjoya, BlurTento, Dfev77, Gaius Cornelius, Htssouza, Jbernab, Jdmumper, Lean IT Coach, LilHelpa, Mgoode75, MrOllie, Nik.martin, Per Ardua, Rip969, Robinson weijman, SEI Publications, Servicemanagement101, UncleDouggie, Urbancowboy1773, Wikitawe, YUL89YYZ, ZahrGnosis, 17 anonymous edits Legal matter management  Source:  Contributors: Barek, Bwpach, Crism, Hu12, Jpbowen, Kenrick.koo, KimBecker, Legalfiles, Osja, R’n’B, RHaworth, Rich Farmbrough, Rivertorch, Rjwilmsi, Rschroeder001, Szymonik, UnitedStatesian, Woohookitty, Wperdue, 20 anonymous edits Library Review  Source:  Contributors: Crusio, Jpbowen, Kajervi Local information systems  Source:  Contributors: Instantatlas, JonnyMas, Llamadrama, Muhandes, Niallkellyfluent, SeeEmSee, 34 anonymous edits Management information system  Source:  Contributors: Aaronbrick, Ab2kgj, Academic Challenger, AdeemM, AdjustShift, AgnosticPreachersKid, Aitias, Akamad, Alansohn,, Alilubna, Allstarecho, Ammiel1, Angela, Anonymous editor, Ansumang, Anwar saadat, Auntof6, BWeynants, Ba8inz, Barcelova, Basawala, Basu ayan3, Beardo, Bellenion, BeverlyCrusher, Bfigura’s puppy, Bilby, Binh Giang, Blainster, Bmgoldbe, Bohumir Zamecnik, Boron, Brc4, Brianlucas, Busiken, CMSimons, CapitalR, Capricorn42, CardinalDan, Cels2, Ch’marr, Chanakal, Charles T.

Betz, Cheeni, Chimin 07, Chris 73, ChunMort, Chzz, Ckatz, Closedmouth, CommodiCast, Compo, Critic, Cyslo, DXBari, Da monster under your bed, DePiep, Dekisugi, Del 1986, Dirkbb, Djwilliamson2, Doctormarkdraper, Download, Drmies, Drsuebrown, Drydom, Dylan Lake, ESkog, EUpH0rIa, East718, EdH, Eddieblade, Eigenwijze mustang, Ejump82, Ekalbsevi, Ekdamcheap, Epbr123, Erkan Yilmaz, EvanCarroll, ExDeus, Excirial, Exit2DOS2000, Fang Aili, Fco5001, Foxdude333, Fredrik, GChriss, GKS, Gagan 3057, Gaius Cornelius, GamblinMonkey, Gimboid13, GregAsche, Group1and1, Gurch, HBSquall, HamburgerRadio, HasleMere, Hculbertson, Hello32020, Hephaestos, HexaChord, Hjstern, Hmains, Humdhan, Husond, Hylist, IMSoP, Imdeng, Instigator2222, Instinct, Ish ishwar, IvanLanin, J.delanoy, JCLately, JTN, Ja 62, JaGa, Jackfork, Jackofwiki, Japo, JethroElfman, Jleedev, JoanneB, Joeking16, Jojhutton, Jpbowen, Juan A Romero, Juliancolton, Jurema Oliveira, Jw lamp, Kachlydave, KenKendall, Kgorman-ucb, Khalid, Killer puma, Kku, Kmsiever, KrakatoaKatie, KuRiZu, Kukini, Kuru, Kuyabribri, Lear’s Fool, Leinad, Lemmie, Lincolnshep, LittleOldMe, Lolsuper7am1, Lord Pistachio, Lueo, Lunalona, MBisanz, MER-C, Madhero88, Madrone, Manasprakash79, Mandarax, Manop, Marek69, Mark Renier, MartinRe, Materialscientist, Maurreen, Mdd, Meelar, Melizg, Metalflame, Mhering, Michael Devore, Mistiehicks, Mmortal03, Mohannade, Morwen, Mstocklos, Munchi Lee, Mydogategodshat, Nekan, Nimur, Notinasnaid, Nsarthur, Ntavares, Nzd, OSS, Ohnoitsjamie, Oliver Lineham, Osarius, Oxymoron83, Pan1987, PatrickHadfield, Pgreenfinch, Philip Trueman, Piano non troppo, Plasticup, Pmresource, Poor Yorick, Psantora, PsychoSafari, Qxz, R.

Fiend, RB972, Ravichandar84, Razorflame, Rdsmith4, Redvers, Rfl, Rgill, RichardSaBoob, Rjwilmsi, Rkr1991, RobertG, Roberto Cruz, RobyWayne, Rocky11111, RoyBoy, Rror, Rustiq, Rxnd, Saintali, Sam Hocevar, Sam Korn, SamJohnston, Samuel, Sanida V., Sanjiv swarup, Schzmo, Secfan, Sengkang, Senorhobo, Seth Nimbosa, Shadowjams, Sharukhbajpai, Shefalibudhwani, Shell Kinney, Shinmawa, Showard, Simon South, Sohan.s, SomeStranger, Soumyasch, Spencer, StaticGull, Stevag, Subsurd, SueHay, Suisui, SuperHamster, Svetovid, Swaroop86, Swat671, Talkativeman, TenPoundHammer, The Anome, The Thing That Should Not Be, Thedemonhog, Thegsrguy, Thehelpfulone, Three, Tide rolls, Timrogersx, Tommy2010, TrioteXNeo, Ttonyb1, Txomin, Uncle Milty, Utcursch, Vary, Veinor, Velella, Versus22, Vikingstad, Vilerage, Vipinhari, Vis123, Wayward, Werdan7, Wiki corection, Wikidudeman, William Avery, Willking1979, Wolfrock, Woogee, Wtmitchell, Yhkhoo, Yhstef, Zhou Yu, Zoicon5, Zzuuzz, ?, ?????? .????? ??.24, 1050 anonymous edits Many-to-many  Source:  Contributors: EnTheMohammad, Gracenotes, Gywst, JonHarder, Jpbowen, Lightdarkness, Lotje, Mike1lee, Modest Genius, Nihiltres, Nuno Tavares, PL290, Rich257, Rwwww, SimonClinch, Sizzelnz, SymlynX, VinceBowdren, XP1, 9 anonymous edits Master data management  Source:  Contributors: Ajindy, AlAngelici, Artem.batkovsky, Badger Drink, Cintari, Craig w cox, DePiep, Dmausner, Dougher, DragonHawk, DrydenGeary, Dsshaffer, Egalino, Evert r, Flatterworld, Fshenstone, Glenn Maddox, Gmlingus, Gobonobo, GregorB, JamesBWatson, JasonLax, KingsleyIdehen, Kuru, MDM maven, MacTed, Markcowan, Mdaconta, Michael Hardy, MikeLynch, MrOllie, Nathkrol, Oli Filth, Pamar, Piano non troppo, R’n’B, RalphHalstead, Ronz, Stephenpace, Syaskin, TScabbard, Tetracube, Vaga koleso, WestAustinite, Woohookitty, 73 anonymous edits Master of Business Informatics  Source:  Contributors: Blast Ulna, Bollweevil, Cnbrb, Ctbolt, Dbiel, Dublin123, Ideogram, Jbmurray, Jpbowen, Julcia, Mootros, Ottomanor, Oudetb, RobertG, Swijaya, Varun.here6, 7 anonymous edits Material requirements planning  Source:  Contributors: 2KT, AlMac, Angr, Anthony Appleyard, Atomskninja, Bobo192, BrianLeeDavis, BritIIIMicroMarcro, Brucevdk, Cahk, Can’t sleep, clown will eat me, Casito, Chris 73, Chris the speller, Cmdrjameson, CommonsDelinker, Contactsmc, CosmicPenguin, Dangelow, Daniel Midgley, Df747jet, Diggonator, DmitTrix, Elwikipedista, Emiya, Espoo, Faridani, Figueroa, Fish and karate, Fredsmith2, Gabriele.levy, HanH, Helmoony, Jbw2, Jelsova, Joedeshon, Jordiferrer, Kuru, Lofa, Lvildos, MER-C, Margishk, Maurreen, Mdd, Michael Hardy, Mydogategodshat, Park3r, PhilKnight, Pilotguy, Pnm, R’n’B, Ray Van De Walker, Rbrwr, Requestion, Rgill, S.K., Saxifrage, Sbisolo, Scaevus, Sean Whitton, Snezzy, Sp5uhe, Srice13, Svick, THEN WHO WAS PHONE?, Teles, Thom2002, Three, Tomdobb, Tommy2010, Train78, Uberblue, Utcursch, Vald, Van der Hoorn, Vina, Wayward, Wik, Wizard191, Wvgreenb, Zoicon5, 175 anonymous edits Microsoft Customer Care Framework  Source:  Contributors: Atanamir, Bethpage89, Ccf2008, Chris the speller, DannySinger, Dfantom, Dudley810, EmanWilm, Endorf, Firsfron, Funandtrvl, Jbarrett037, Jmcnamera, JohnWittle, LilHelpa, MaxDel, MaximumTruth, Ming-Susan, Mohummy, Nigelwalsh, Pearle, Reinoutr, Robert, Ryan Norton, Salad Days, Sanket.bakshi, Soumyasch, Xpclient, 90 anonymous edits Microsoft Operations Framework  Source:  Contributors: -Majestic-, Af648, Alphajuliet, Art Carlson, CommonsDelinker, Cynical, Euchiasmus, GregorB, IDefx, Jpbowen, Kku, La Corona, Luk, Mofwriter, Nurg, Pedro.haruo, Pomte, Pvosta, QubitOtaku, Rajan52s, Ryan Norton, Squids and Chips, Stephen, T-borg, Werner Ochs, Woohookitty, 23 anonymous edits Mobile business development  Source:  Contributors: BD2412, Bluemoose, Bodoodle20, Charles Matthews, Cmdrjameson, Cnbrb, Crysb, Cyfal, Edward, Giraffedata, Jaapdt, Jpbowen, Rich Farmbrough, Soliloquial, The Thing That Should Not Be, Vegaswikian, 11 anonymous edits Mobile document access  Source:  Contributors: Hiberniantears, NAHID, Nick Number, Nono64, Ronz, Shenme, Tmcquill, 4 anonymous edits MobShop  Source:  Contributors: Auntof6, Bearcat, C0mm0n, Coreyh144, Katharineamy, Malcolma, Mobshop, Rich Farmbrough, 2 anonymous edits Multifunction printer  Source:  Contributors: 98dmalcolm, A.

B., Abirkhan, AlexeyV, Anetode, Armando, Benoni, Bobrayner, Bsteinmann, Calton, Cfeathergill, Chester Markel, Closedmouth, Coolcaesar, Cps group io 2006 07, DanielRigal, Davepruner, David Kernow, Delldot, Fir0002, First-class-business-solutions, Fletcher, Galaxia92, Goatasaur, Graham87, Groovenstein, Handbent, Hebrides, Herbythyme, Hideyuki, Idleguy, Ihope127, Imroy, JTN, Joekoz451, John Vandenberg, Kilo-Lima, Kingj123, Kl4m, Kozuch, Kristigaylord, Kristoferb, Lemi4, Livingston Li, Luis Dantas, MER-C, Mac, Marc Lacoste, Martial75, Maxí, Mboverload, Mfuller25, Mirror Vax, Modeyaka, Mouse Nightshirt, Muntfish, Mwanner, NawlinWiki, Niteowlneils, Nmichelpn, Pearle, Phatom87, Player82, Polluks, Printkit, Ralian, Raymondcapa, Reddi, Renan S2, Richard W.M.

Jones, Rilak, Rod57, Ronz, Sade, Sligocki, Slusk, Small business, Stephen Turner, Tannin, TerriersFan, The Thing That Should Not Be, Thepaladin16, Tom-, Triku, UkPaolo, Unyoyega, Vlad, Wernher, Wikirjd, WordyGirl90, Wynneliz, XTerminator2000, Xantian15, Xpclient, YttriumOx, 157 anonymous edits 655 Article Sources and Contributors Mung (computer term)  Source:  Contributors: -Midorihana-, ACM2, Abeg92, Acroterion, Aitias, Andrewcotter, Aquillion, Arj, Asclepius, Aude, Bagatelle, Barefootguru, Bdj, Bind them, Bisected8, Blackflame22, Bobo192, Brian G.

Crawford, Bunchofgrapes, Bunnyhop11, Burntsauce, C.Fred, CLW, Caesura, Can’t sleep, clown will eat me, Cdc, Charles Matthews, Chrislk02, Cleared as filed, Closedmouth, Cowman109, Crazyburns, CuriousEric, D’Agosta, DNewhall, Daggoth, David Haslam, Definingstuff, Doctoroxenbriery, DoubleBlue, Dreadstar, Dysprosia, Esowteric, F-402, FireAarro, Fishtris01, Fru1tbat, Gdawg99, Gmz1023, Grenadinecros, Grön, Guettarda, Halmstad, Hephaestos, Herbertmarcuse, Hobartimus, Iammeheremeroar, Igoldste, Ikkakujyu, InformationalAnarchist, Ixfd64, J.delanoy, JHCC, JackTopi, Jean Lugan, Jklin, Joeblakesley, Jordanlewis, Jossi, Justyn, Kablammo, Karma Llama, Kinu, Kmanv23, Kop, Lord Cancer, Luk, Lyrl, Markaci, Marudubshinki, Meanolthing, Meelar, Miles9000, Mkweise, Moonty, Motor, Mrclean9865, Muchness, Mung Brothers, Nate Silva, NawlinWiki, Ntrain243, Ohnoitsjamie, Oxymoron83, PStrait, Paxsimius, Pennyforth, Persian Poet Gal, Peruvianllama, Possum, Ptochos, Qqwref, Radix, RainbowOfLight, Rnb, Robchurch, Rossami, SWAdair, Sam Hocevar, Sam Korn, Saxifrage, SchfiftyThree, Scottkeir, ShakingSpirit, Slavik0329, Snarius, Snickwills, Soda14, Sonne1922, Soundabuser, Starnestommy, Stellis, Stevolution2005, Stillnotelf, Strait, The Anome, Theresa knott, Tiddly Tom, Troy 07, Vary, Venu62, Walkerma, Wavy G, Werdan7, WereSpielChequers, White-rhino, Wimt, Ww, XuxiRawe22, Xyzzyplugh, Zanster5, 305 anonymous edits National Biological Information Infrastructure  Source:  Contributors: Bearcat, Bejnar, Denverjeffrey, Deville, Malcolma, Nick Number, Nigholith, Rlhuffine, Sm8900, Wheelebk Network configuration and change management  Source:  Contributors: Jpbowen, Leolaursen, Mwalsh34, RHaworth, Yhabibzai, 2 anonymous edits ODMA  Source:  Contributors: Athaenara, Bearcat, ENeville, Evolve2k, Fetofs, IndianGeneralist, Orcmid, Poweroid, Ronz, Sdudah, Sudhir h, Theo10011, 3 anonymous edits OMII-UK  Source:  Contributors: Chriscb, Sjhettrick, 1 anonymous edits One-to-many  Source:  Contributors: Avriette, Bobblehead, Boleyn, Davedev15, Discospinster, Elonka, EnTheMohammad, Erik Garrison, GTBacchus, I’m not human, IceCreamAntisocial, Jerimee, Jpbowen, Kbrose, Kvng, Mlewis000, Muhandes, Nbarth, Pearle, Radiojon, SteveM123, SymlynX, Tillmo, Woohookitty, 17 anonymous edits One-to-one (communication)  Source:  Contributors: A520, Edcolins, EnTheMohammad, Hectorthebat, Hertz1888, Jpbowen, King of Hearts, Kvng, Mcwillis, Muhandes, Paulmiko, Queenmomcat, Rprpr, SymlynX, ZayZayEM, 9 anonymous edits Online analytical processing  Source:  Contributors: .:Ajvol:., 7, AK Auto, Afraietta, AlanUS, AlexAnglin, Alfio, Alvarezdebrot, Anwar saadat, Arcann, Beardo, Beland, Bitterpeanut, Bunnyhop11, COnFlIcT.sYs, CambridgeBayWeather, Campingcar, ChanciOly, Charleca, Chris lavigne, CommodiCast, Crysb, Csp987654321, DePiep, Deflective, Degroffdo, Djoni, Dll99, Dmsar, Dmuzza, DocendoDiscimus, Drewgut, Dturner46, EbenVisher, Elsendero, Elvis, Elwikipedista, Epbr123, FatalError, Flankk, Foot, Founder DIPM Institute, Gary a mason, Germanseneca, Goethean, Greenrd, Gscshoyru, Gspofford, Hanacy, Howcheng, Imhogan, JEB90, Jagyanseni, Jarda-wien, Jay, Jay-Jay, Jbecher, Jcarroll, JesseHogan, Jgiam, Jherm, Jmcc150, Jmd wiki99, John Vandenberg, Jon Awbrey, JonHarder, Kerenb, Kgrr, Kher122, Kronostos, Kuru, Kwamikagami, L Kensington, Larkspurs, Leandrod, Lemmie, Lingliu07, Livingthingdan, Lovedemon84, Magnabonzo, Mark Renier, Mark T, Markham, Masterpra2002, Maurreen, Mboverload, Mbowen, Mcvearry, Metaeducation, Miaow Miaow, Michael Hardy, Michaell, Mikeblas, Modify, MrDolomite, MrJones, Mydogategodshat, Ndenison, Numbsyd, Oaf2, Object01, Ohnoitsjamie, Oxymoron83, Pasquale, Pcb21, Pearle, Pgan002, Plasticup, Playmobilonhishorse, Psb777, Qxz, Ramki, Ratarsed, Retired username, Richmaddox, Ringbang, Rjwilmsi, S.K., S1199, Sally Ku, Sam Korn, Sansari13, Sarnholm, Saulat78, Selah28, Slposey, SqlPac, Sspecter, Stefan, Tbsdy lives, Tcloonan, The Thing That Should Not Be, Theo10011, Tikiwont, Tobycat, Tonyproctor, Tsjustme, TwoOneTwo, Vargabor, Veinor, Wikiolap, Winterst, Woohookitty, WorldsEndGirl, Writerguy71, Yabdulkarim, Zanaq, Zhenqinli, ZimZalaBim, 369 anonymous edits Open Cobalt  Source:  Contributors: AlistairMcMillan, Anniepoo, D6, Frap, Fudoreaper, GreenbushLabs, Jerryobject, Kocio, Miami33139, Miym, Morgan Leigh, Neustradamus, Odysseus1111, Pnm, Scirocco6, Tedickey, Toddst1, Toussaint, Woohookitty, 51 anonymous edits OpenACS  Source:  Contributors: 16×9, Adoniscik, Alerante, Brian Fenton, Cheeni, DanielPharos, Davehi1, Edward, Extraordinary, Frap, Fubar Obfusco, Gaius Cornelius, Ian Bailey, Jay, Jnc, JonHarder, KnightRider, MaNeMeBasat, Mike Linksvayer, Mion, Mydogategodshat, Phil Darnowsky, Reuvenk, Rfc1394, Shiney, Shirishag75, Sj, UU, WikiNickEN, 19 anonymous edits OpenIT  Source:  Contributors: Armbrust, Bobrayner, Brinella, Chris the speller, CliffC, D6, Frap, Jpbowen, Mikelgabriel, Nickrds09, R’n’B, Rory096, Talaga87, Tanyakr, Ultimus, Wickethewok, Wiegels, Wwwwolf, Zohre6, 19 anonymous edits Operational database  Source:  Contributors: Drbreznjev, GregorB, Hanifbbz, Ldvaeth, Minnaert, NawlinWiki, RHaworth, Rvgd, 1 anonymous edits Operational intelligence  Source:  Contributors: Cander0000, Cat4567nip, Crysb, HighKing, I ching2006, Jevansen, Jpbowen, Jweder, Mhedblom, NawlinWiki, Nekohakase, Nick Number, Ninusen, Nuttah, Open2universe, Pauljdw, Peter850, Raghunathmenon, Rwwww, Sinotara, Stifle, Tassedethe, Trotter, Two tow, Wikiuser999, Woodshed, 17 anonymous edits Operational level agreement  Source:  Contributors: Aecis, Androux, Bearcat, Beeblebrox, Busy Stubber, DMighton, Daniel Olsen, Enterprise architect, Ezhiki, Gaius Cornelius, Gjs238, Jdcooper, John Vandenberg, Jpbowen, Longhair, Lousyd, Michael Devore, Mjquinn id, Nurg, Privman, RHaworth, Ricky@36, Siebrand, Srleffler, Zcoder, 6 anonymous edits Operational system  Source:  Contributors: DePiep, GregorB, Hanifbbz, Mange01, Mark Renier, Minnaert, RHaworth, Shreevatsa, Writerguy71, 10 anonymous edits Information technology operations  Source:  Contributors: EagleFan, Feureau, FreplySpang, Georgewilliamherbert, Guerino1, Jonik, Jpbowen, Jsimlo, JubalHarshaw, Lisatwo, Mkuehn10, PaulHanson, Pearle, RJFJR, Thatcher, 8 anonymous edits Operations architecture  Source:  Contributors: Awotter, Dlohcierekim, EdGl, Khatru2, Pascal.Tesson, Patrickachermann, R’n’B, RHaworth, Smalljim, 3 anonymous edits OPIDIS  Source:  Contributors: Adi4094, Dawynn, Jitmem, M-le-mot-dit, Malcolmxl5, Wperdue, 1 anonymous edits Organizational Memory System  Source:  Contributors: Cat4567nip, Cbdorsett, Jpbowen, NumberNumber5342, Saxifrage, Wissenslogistiker, 5 anonymous edits Pathology Messaging Implementation Project  Source:  Contributors: Bearingbreaker92, Birchcliff, David drew, Foggy Morning, Jfdwolff, Leszek Ja?czuk, Retired username, Squamate, Will Beback Auto, 8 anonymous edits People Capability Maturity Model  Source:  Contributors: Afzal, Cander0000, DarkFalls, Herman van Dellen, It afzal, Khalid hassani, Kuru, Marjaliisa, McSly, Pavan 2309, Pndfam05, RenniePet, Rror, SEI Publications, Stevej098, Vianello, Xsmith, 33 anonymous edits Performance engineering  Source:  Contributors: AbsolutDan, Andreas Kaufmann, Andy.k.chang, Antandrus, BAK, Bibbleboop, Can’t sleep, clown will eat me, Cgoldberg, ChrisLoosley, Closedmouth, Coroberti, Deicool, Derek E Weeks, Dolphin51, Downsize43, Hertzsprung, Hervegirod, Inaga, Indon, Intgr, Matahn, Mdd, Michig, MrOllie, Mtheus, Pinecar, Quuxplusone, RHaworth, RichardVeryard, Rjwilmsi, Rlsheehan, Rmsolfest, SEI Publications, SunSw0rd, Swpb, The other drziggy, Tonyshan, Trains66, Waddy100, Yarone, 55 anonymous edits Permission marketing  Source:  Contributors: AN(Ger), Aquilina, Ashton1983, Bernd in Japan, Bridgesb, Cmdrjameson, Dave Biskner, Edward, Epresident1, Fairsing, Grochim, Jane McCann, King of Hearts, Liface, Malcolmxl5, Maurreen, Mind flux, Muhends, Mydogategodshat, Pablo X, Pankajkumar1985, PaulKishimoto, Rdrozd, Rjwilmsi, Sean D Martin, SiobhanHansa, Snakewiki, Spudtater, Stefanomione, Stifle, Tabrez, Unm487, Vodnokon4e, Webconomist, Whpq, Wiki World, Woz2, X42bn6, Zzuuzz, 34 anonymous edits Personalized marketing  Source:  Contributors: Alicebonasio, Barfooz, Bento00, Benzamin, DavidWBrooks, Discodonut, Discospinster, Econent, Econtent, Edward, Eglagowski, ErikWarmelink, Foobar, FreplySpang, Iridescent, Jj137, JonHarder, Joxemai, Keesiewonder, Ken g6, Kiore, Kvng, Malcolmxl5, Mattisse, Maurreen, Mydogategodshat, Paulcicero, Quatse, ShattaAD, Tomas e, Tschmalzl, Valenciano, Wahlau, Wendellc, Zigo1232, Zzuuzz, 21 anonymous edits 656 Article Sources and Contributors Piazza Telematica  Source:  Contributors: Calaka, Cybercobra, Hmains, Jpbowen, Rror, Woohookitty, 33 anonymous edits Pop-up ad  Source:  Contributors: 16@r, 23skidoo, ADNghiem501, AUG, Aarontay, Accelerometer, Afluent Rider, Akamad, Akhristov, Alaning, Alekjds, AlistairMcMillan, AmericanLeMans, Anarkisto, Andymadigan, Andypandy.UK, Antonielly, Anárion, Appleboi1212, BCube, Beanboy89, Bill, Bobcat7, Bobo192, Borgx, Brat32, Breawycker, Brian Crawford, Cadsuane Melaidhrin, Can’t sleep, clown will eat me, Cander0000, Canister of Death, Capricorn42, Charles Gaudette, Charles Iliya Krempeaux, Chill Pill Bill, Chocolateboy, CliffC, Corbett3000, Cwolfsheep, DStoykov, DXRAW, DarkFalls, Datang, Denelson83, Dfcamara, Digifiend, Disavian, DocWatson42, Doctorfluffy, Domthedude001, Dreftymac, D?ugosz, E2eamon, Echuck215, EdC, Edlin2, Enos Shenk, Epbr123, Eskimospy, Evangeline, Evice, FML, Fakir005, FlyingPenguins, Frap, Frazzydee, FreakyMutantMan, FreplySpang, Froodiantherapy, Froth, Frotz, Fubar Obfusco, Furrykef, Futurix, Fæ, Graham87, Hackerb9, Haham hanuka, HamburgerRadio, Hcookeecs, Hdt83, Henry W.

Schmitt, Holek, Htaccess, ITurtle, Iain99, Idont Havaname, Infrogmation, Insolectual, Isam, Island Monkey, J.delanoy, JGC, JRM, Jackhynes, Jakek101, Jan van Male, JavierMC, Jawshark, Jeff Silvers, Jesster79, Jossi, Joyous!, Karenjc, Kbdank71, Kenyon, Klosterdev, Knee427, Kurainosaru, Kwertii, LGagnon, Lenoxus, Lupin, Mabdul, Mani1, Marasmusine, Martial75, Maurreen, Maxamegalon2000, MikeLynch, Mindspillage, Minesweeper, Minghong, Mithridates, Mr.Z-man, Mshenley101, Musiccj38, Mxn, Myanw, Mydogategodshat, NawlinWiki, Ninjatoilet, Nintend06, Nohat, Ohnoitsjamie, Ojw, OlavN, Omegatron, Optimist on the run, Overtheblock, PPGMD, PTSE, Pgl, Phillsmith, Piano non troppo, PigFlu Oink, Ponder, Qwfp, R5white, Radiomanlaughs, RattleMan, Remember the dot, Revengeofthynerd, RexNL, Rich Farmbrough, Rich Janis, Rjwilmsi, Robillard, Rock2e, Roodog2k, SMakabwe, SWAdair, Saintrain, SamuraiClinton, Sceptre, Sdfisher, Seth Ilys, Shen, Shushruth, Sikon, SimonP, Skarebo, Skomorokh, Skyfiler, Soltrinox, Sophus Bie, Spartaz, Spug, Stefanomione, Stovetopcookies, SuperDude115, Szabunov, Tabletop, TakuyaMurata, TaleTreader, Tannin, The Anome, ThePlaz, Theleftorium, Thivierr, Tocharianne, Tokek, Tommy2010, Torritorri, Trud the Borg, Tub city adventures, Tuntable, Twsx, Uncle G, Vanished User 1004, Viajero, Vicarious, Vintei, Violetriga, Watcher, Webchat, Widefox, Willirennen, Wmahan, WookieInHeat, Wrybosome, XP1, Xhin, Xsmith, Ysamal, Zifert, Zuckerberg, 320 anonymous edits Problem management  Source:  Contributors: Credible58, Dogg223405, Facts707, Freek Verkerk, Malcolma, 4 anonymous edits Process-centered design  Source:  Contributors: Brianvijay, 2 anonymous edits Process-driven application  Source:  Contributors: Bobo192, Frecklefoot, Leolaursen, MrOllie, RHaworth, Seb WE, 12 anonymous edits Product Data Record  Source:  Contributors: Cobaltbluetony, Maxcochet, Mikola-Lysenko, PamD, Tassedethe Product lifecycle management  Source:  Contributors: Airunp, Alexvanderlinden, Allan McInnes, Andrewa, Antonielly, Archae13, Arunpurohit, Avenged Eightfold, Bcmchandra, Beland, Bluewaterpro, Bolglvy, C.Fred, CZmarlin, Ca latham, Calloused, Canderra, Captmjc, CharlesC, Chrattac, Chrislk02, Cybercobra, Dangelow, DarkSaber2k, Dcfleck, DiegoTamburini, Distributor1989, Dmanning, DocendoDiscimus, Dogears, Dorimedont, Download, DragonHawk, Dwarfpower, Ehheh, Emma.roach, Eric-Wester, Eric76, EricTalevich, Frap, Freeformer, FreplySpang, Gaius Cornelius, Gbarraco, Gofer246, Gpassey, Grayapple1980, Greyskinnedboy, Grochim, Gurch, Haakon, Heqs, Hideyuki, Hkabla, Hu12, Hult041956, Igfrace, InnovatorM, Inwind, Irishguy, Ixfd64, JMSwtlk, JTBX, Jackvinson, Jasynnash2, Jennifer.m.b, Jim Zizou, Jni, JohnCD, Johnhfox, Jon Awbrey, Kailas katkar, Kalypsolp, Kevinsbennett, Kku, Kordas, KrakatoaKatie, Krawi, Kungfuadam, Kuru, Kvenkateeshin, Lfarbo, LilHelpa, Lindenth, Lionbenjamins, Lothartklein, Lyman95, MCG, MER-C, Mac, Manufacturing, MattwikiEN, Mausy5043, Maximus Rex, Mcapitano, Mdd, Metron4, Michael Hardy, Mosca, MrMambo, MrOllie, Mroddey, Msridhar, Murrayo, NZarrow, Nick Number, Nienofer, Normsch, Nrcoopersd, Nzgabriel, Oleg Alexandrov, Omnify, Oracleconnect, Oscarthecat, PLMArchitect, PatricTimmermans, PaulDonnelly, Paulpoisson, Pcbdesigner, Peterloo, Pgdhonde, Phaedrus86, Pointillist, Prithvi k, Pwscottiv, Ramu50, Randallnewton, Raviprakashmba, Renesis, Requestion, ResidueOfDesign, Rettetast, Rjwilmsi, Rob0571, Rohit1001, Ronz, RoyBoy, Ruud Koot, S.K., Saaksvuo, Samantha datastay, Sandipjadhav, Sarah Miner, Shell Kinney, SiobhanHansa, Sjhaines, Skinneal, Softechinc, Somanagesh, Spinacia, Splash, Steel, Steven-arts, Stwalkerster, Sweetpea2007, TVBZ28, TinaCassler, UBF2005, Van der Hoorn, Warofdreams, Wayne Riddock, Wayofthemonkey, Wickethewok, Widgetkid, Winterst, Worm That Turned, Xsalia, Zigo1232, Zzuuzz, 386 anonymous edits Production Support  Source:  Contributors: Drpickem, Malcolma, Martin.delange, Quaeler, Rich Farmbrough, Rochelimit, Rockfang, Thimmaiah, 5 anonymous edits Project portfolio management  Source:  Contributors: 1400degrees, Akbradford, Akoso, Allan McInnes, Appraiser, Arunram, BinaryTed, Brad101, Btyner, Buzzaz, Clarkdd, Cliff2311, David.cote, Davidullman, Demiane, DivineAlpha, Dpm64, Edcolins, Edolee, Etackabery, Fbossuyt, Florent1024, Forestsmith, Franz D’Amato, Fuhghettaboutit, Gaius Cornelius, Haig, Hede2000, Hjassad, Hu12, Hubbardaie, Isismarketing, J.delanoy, JNW, Jaypc6711, Jpbowen, Kinu, Kuru, Lika2know, Mdd, Michael Hardy, MrOllie, Pearle, Petermui, Pm master, Polyextremophile, Price666, Psmcguin, Rich Farmbrough, RichardDenney, Rinconsoleao, Rlolsen, Sandymok, Serein (renamed because of SUL), SurfAndSwim, Thadius856AWB, The Anome, Thesquire, Tilleyg, Welsh, Wrjbrown, Ylebihan, 52 anonymous edits Purchase order request  Source:  Contributors: Alison9, Brighterorange, Calliopejen1, Exit2DOS2000, Graeme Bartlett, Hellsminion, Howabout1, Jdcooper, Jonathan Christensen, LilHelpa, Melcombe, Mysdaao, Niteowlneils, Severo, Teryx, Zondor, 8 anonymous edits Razorfish (company)  Source:  Contributors: Alabaster codify, An honest quixtar ibo, Antonrojo, Auric, Blakeyrat, Brianhe, Chikai1978, Chowbok, Chris93, Chrismartin76, CyberSkull, DGG, DanielPenfield, Daveboudreau, DidiDietrich, Dlabar, Dreish, Eunmac, Euryalus, Foobaz, Goalloverhere, Granleese, Greenshed, GregorB, HaeB, Heathergately, Hootsk, Hooverbag, Iliasbeshimov, Jakeene, Jareha, Jeltz, Jerryseinfeld, John Broughton, John of Reading, Juvan302, Jvandyke, Kjlewis, Kll2200, Kuru, Kvsnut, LadyofShalott, Lcblankenship, LesHurv, LindaSchoemaker, Luckyluke, MADe, Malepheasant, Mbmas01, Mboverload, Michael Snow, Momoricks, Mordien, Obiray, PigFlu Oink, RJFJR, Rickgmc3, Rjkokesh, Rjwilmsi, Robofish, Ronz, Rvelez, Rxdxt, S, ST47, Shinmawa, Shortride, Stephen e nelson, Terrible Tim, Terrifician, Tklauder, Tophtucker, Uncle G, UnitedStatesian, Vcardillo, Wikidemon, Yaron K., 135 anonymous edits Real time enterprise  Source:  Contributors: Avneel Chand, Darp-a-parp, PamD, Pratyeka, Ronz, 2 anonymous edits Records Life Cycle  Source:  Contributors: Mdd, ThinkerWu Records management  Source:  Contributors: Abune, Adamgpope, Adjamir, Alberto bazzi, Allstarecho, Andrew8, Auntof6, Awarland, Barticus88, BaruseH, Blackash, Bradvoy, Cander0000, Chichimmera, CliffC, DanShearer, Dasmacintosh2, Deepsoulstarfish, Derekcslater, Dmclemore, Docmgmt, Edz314, Egil, Erianna, Figma, Firey, Frosmans, Giftlite, Gokmop, Goldtoes68, Greyskinnedboy, Happygo718, Heidijane, IM1515, International Teacher Cop, Isserdude07, Jaeger5432, Jagsdxb, JamesBWatson, Jauerback, Jehochman, JimR, Jnabel, JoeStewart, Johnkmetha, JonHarder, Josvanhelvoort, KMAdvisor, Katoscka, KelvinMo, Kevinxml007, Kff, Mailer diablo, Mais oui!, MarcFresko, MarcMFresko, Martarius, Mauls, Maurreen, Mcsboulder, Mhiji, Minnaert, Minnicka42, Mkratz01, Mpt, Mr pand, Mrtriviamaniacman, Mwvandersteen, Nautilator, Nejsnave, Newidea75, Nick Number, Nidhis lawyer, OS2Warp, Ohnoitsjamie, P1cunnin, PROV Public Programs, Planetcopywriter, Plutten, Poweroid, Prasadr, PrattTA1, R’n’B, Rbreen, Records Solutions, Renesis, ReynoldLeming, Rich257, Richard fishburn, Rimman.larry, RobDe68, Ronz, Roystonea, Rschroeder001, S2uartorr, SHallathome, Sabathecat, Scanreg, Shadow1, Shell Kinney, Shiftchange, Shwetang.sharma, Sten2005, StephenBuxton, Sterry2607, Tagishsimon,, The Interior, Tinton5, Tom Worthington, Tomcat66 g500, Twaz, Ultraviolet scissor flame, Umbrete, UnitedStatesian, Veledan, Venache, Versageek, Weregerbil, Wyatt Riot, Zundark, 233 anonymous edits Clinger–Cohen Act  Source:  Contributors: BVA, Billyboy01, Coxdj1, Ekrem415, Good Olfactory, Kumioko, Mandarax, Mdd, Nick Number, PaulHanson, Sbgaver, Vprajkumar, 10 anonymous edits Remote access policy  Source:  Contributors: DavidBailey, Frank Kai Fat Chow, Samohyl Jan, 1 anonymous edits Revere, Inc.  Source:  Contributors: Bama54 RPR Problem Diagnosis  Source:  Contributors: Blehfu, Charlesbaldo, Chzz, Credible58, Hu12, Muad, Xavier.durant, 5 anonymous edits Runbook  Source:  Contributors: B.

Wolterding, FF2010, Fabrictramp, Gary King, MacStep, Meitar, Momma’s Little Helper, Rich Farmbrough, Rich Morin, UniReb, Winterst, 13 anonymous edits Selerant  Source:  Contributors: Cander0000, Dismas, Jcalfa70, Jncraton, 5 anonymous edits Sensemaking  Source:  Contributors: (aeropagitica), Adhib, Ardisc, Cody3019, Cybercobra, Dr.

Peter Lankton, EBRJoseph, Edchi, Gogo Dodo, Harvey the rabbit, Jeffmcneill, Jgd9, Liblarva, Linforest, Man pl, Manscher, Mariaflags, Mnwdmu, Newbyguesses, Nickdesbarats, Nuovosole, Printerbuilder, Rich Farmbrough, ScottMHoward, Snowded, Tamorlan, Thomas Basboll, Waaalrus, WheezePuppet, Zuposhade, 12 anonymous edits Service Catalog  Source:  Contributors: Active Banana, Akramer2, Alespb, Charles T.

Betz, Dwmcnabb, Gusgregory, Isolde98, Jmgendron, Jonik, K2heikkila, KnightLago, Lpgeffen, MGS1978, Pmgnet, Robertmcneill, SDrugger7, SWAdair, Serviceguy, West81, 48 anonymous edits Service Desk (ITSM)  Source:  Contributors: Albataineh, AlephGamma, Angusmclellan, Apparition11, Barek, Bastien.guillaume, Brianj hill, Charles T.

Betz, Ckrishnachaitanya, David James Bailey, David Waters, Diggindeeper, DuncanHill, HDReport, Haakon, Harshdave50, Hu12, ImGz, Jerryobject, Jowanner, Kycook,

Read more about ITIL Planning : 97 97 99 104 105 106 107 107 108 109….:

Accredited ITIL Foundation, Intermediate and Expert Certifications

Accredited ITIL Foundation, Intermediate and Expert Certifications, Learn more about ITIL HERE:

ITIL and ITIL Planning : 97 97 99 104 105 106 107 107 108 109….

ITIL - ITIL Planning : 97 97 99 104 105 106 107 107 108 109….

ITIL and ITIL Planning : 97 97 99 104 105 106 107 107 108 109….

ITIL - ITIL Planning : 97 97 99 104 105 106 107 107 108 109….

impression imsmart a401 blackmvodych