Management Information System or MIS is defined as a discipline that is focused on the integration of computer systems with respect to an organization’s business goals and objectives. There’s no doubt that managers need information, and information delivery is an essential component of MIS. The task of collecting and collating information, then making it available is one of the critical functions of MIS.
As a computerized system, MIS stands between the user, management and the business operations where valuable data are stored and generated. All activities are done in the MIS department which may include, but not limited to data processing, transaction processing, database administration, and information delivery.
Understanding how management uses information is one important thing to consider and this may be done best in the context of the management process that is made up of the following stages:
(a) Planning – setting of business goals and objectives while determining specific courses of action by which these may be achieved.
(b) Organizing – identifying the resources needed to implement the plan.
(c) Staffing – acquiring of resources needed that includes staff, and capital among others.
(d) Coordinating – carrying out of the plan.
(e) Controlling – ensuring that productivity and performance are attained and should meet the planned outcome. This stage also involves making changes to the plan as the project progresses.
Though realistically speaking, it may not be possible for MIS to support all management activities. But then again, MIS can concentrate on improving support activities needed for business operations to run smoothly. In the future, there is also a need to expand the usefulness of MIS by increasing range of data and informative options for all users. This will definitely increase the functionality of an MIS.