Project management involves processes. A process is defined as
a performance of series of actions to bring about a result.
Project management processes are of two categories:
1. Project management process. This is the process performed
by people to describe, organize, and complete the work project.
2. Product oriented process. This is the process performed by
people to specify and create project’s product. It is
normally defined by a project life cycle.
Both categories are organized into five groups of one or
more processes and these are:
1. Initiating processes- it is the process to get
started. It is in this stage where people in project will
need to reach an agreement as to who will deliver the project,
who will use the project and the stakeholders.
2. Planning processes. It is the process of defining and
refining the objectives of the project. Selecting the best
alternative course of actions to achieve the objectives of
3. Executing process. It is the process of coordinating people
and resources to implement the plan.
4. Controlling process. It is the process of seeing to it
that project objectives are realized through the monitoring
and measuring the project’s progress. This will enable the
project management to identify variances on regular basis so
that corrective actions can be taken as needed.
5. Closing out processes. It is in this process that the
project is formally accepted, thus bring an orderly end.
Project management processes are a step by step actions
observed. When you go through this process, it is certain that
your project management will run smoothly and have your product
objectives realized in the end.