The Federal Enterprise Architecture

It was February 6, 2002 when the development of Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) is inaugurated. It was led by the U.S. Office Management and Budget (OMB), their goal is to identify the opportunities to make the processes simplier and to unify work along agencies and within the business lines of the Federal government. The output of this endeavour will have a more emphasis on citizens.

FEA intends to obey the Clinger-Cohen Act and give a common methodology for the acquisition of information technology (IT) in the federal government of the United States. FEA aims to ease information sharing to federal agencies, to minimize its costs and to improve the services to the US citizens.

Currently, FEA is a compilation of reference models that harness a common ontology and taxonomy for the description of the IT resources. These include the Business Reference Model, the Data Reference Model, the Performance Reference Model, the Service Component Reference Model and the Technical Reference Model.

Not unlike the architecture efforts in the past that flunk, FEA is completely business-driven. Business Reference Model is its foundation, which shows the government s Lines of Business and its services.

The common framework of this business-based foundation are, budget allocation, performance measurement, information sharing, E-Government, budget/performance integration, component-based architectures and cross-agency collaboration.

The OMB released the FEA Data Reference Model (DRM) Final Version 2.0. on December 21, 2005. It is a cohort to four other FEA reference models. It aims to facilitate analysis between agencies and to identify gaps, duplicative investments and opportunities for a collaboration inside and across Federal Agencies. 

It is said that FEA DRM is intended to be a part of a 124-member Working Group that is composed of 30 US federal agencies in the three primary areas of the government (defense, civil and intelligence).