At a minimum, boards should have a clear understanding of who at the company has primary responsibility for cybersecurity risk oversight and for ensuring the adequacy of the companys cyber-risk management practices, key legal, technology and insurance considerations that are essential for your cyber preparedness.

Solving the growing cybersecurity problem requires more than skilled security professionals, in these cases, the security operations center (or soc) team is in a great position, with enough budget for good tools, enough staff to manage them, and the human capital of executive visibility and support, usually, businesses large and small need to do more to protect against growing cyber threats.

Planning involves defining parameters to search, defining the scope, and collecting information, as cybersecurity threats continue to grow in volume and sophistication, organizations are adopting practices that allow them to rapidly identify, respond to, and mitigate these types of incidents while becoming more resilient and protecting against future incidents, identically, cybersecurity blue teams are groups of individuals who identify security flaws in information technology systems, verify the effectiveness of security measures, and monitor the systems to ensure that implemented defensive measures remain effective in the future.

An effective cyber security program uses tools like data loss prevention, endpoint security, strong firewalls, security analytics, and multi-factor authentication; threat modelling should be done to evaluate the threats against a device and its intended use environment, external information may include information from professionals in the cyber security industry to information from intelligence departments, also, reducing risk and expanding security maturity is the ultimate goal as an accountable security leader.

It requires a combination of people, advanced analytics for proactive threat hunting, comprehensive intelligence for real-time threat awareness, and integrated security architectures, after calculating the loss that may be experienced from a threat, you will need to find cost-effective measures of protecting yourself, as a matter of fact, go beyond short-term cyber compliance by focusing on longer term resiliency and advanced threat detection, protection and prevention, all while minimizing cost and leveraging existing investments.

Enterprises need to know the effectiveness of their security systems as a whole including event monitoring, patch management, malware defenses, inventory control, user access and many other security defenses, other obstacles include a lack of cybersecurity skills within the risk function and an insufficient view on the unit of risk (the information asset) and the corresponding value at stake.

Contribute to the establishment and implementation of risk management systems for all functions and activities of organization, developing a risk program that includes cybersecurity is important, and taking it to a more granular level may prove even more beneficial in gaining the appropriate level of leadership support.

Threat modelling can be applied to a wide range of things, including software, applications, systems, networks, distributed systems, things in the internet of things, business processes, etc, thus, assess the ability and means to communicate with or otherwise interact with a system, to use system resources to handle information, to gain knowledge of the information the system contains, or to control system components and functions.