To effectively build a strong foundation, companies must master three key disciplines that can be used by IT leaders to define architectural requirements in executing business initiatives. First is the operating model that is a necessary component of business process integration and standardization for the successful delivery of products and services to customers. When a company decides on what operating model to follow simply means making its commitment on how business processes will operate.
The second one is Enterprise Architecture, which is more of a conceptual blueprint that draws and clearly defines that operation and structure of an organization. Its primary objective is to determine how an organization can most effectively attain its current and future objectives. It is the precise design of systems and processes in a company to help in fulfilling the operating model objectives. Having a well-established Enterprise Architecture in place will result to a lot of different advantages, which includes the following: (a) improved adaptability to changing market conditions; (b) improved decision making process; (c) improved organizational structure; (d) optimization of the use of organizational resources; and (e) elimination of redundant and inefficient processes.
Lastly, the IT engagement model, which is a system of governance mechanisms that ensures business and IT projects obtain both company-wide and local objectives. Such mechanisms influence project decisions through Enterprise Architecture that acts as a guide in carrying out individual solutions. It has three parts, namely high-level governance, line-level project management, and the linkages that connect the two. Indeed, engagement helps achieve the alignment of project and IT business objectives then coordinate every decision-making process at multiple organizational levels.