While the question on what is a standard or adequate range of WiMAX previously resulted to confusion rather than desirable lucidity on the issue, it was not until later years that this ambiguity was finally defined. Hence, WiMAX network was normally concluded to have a 4-5 mile range. There have been however, networks whose range went up to 10 miles (more likely used in line of sight (LOS) applications); whereas there are those with frequency range of 10 miles over.
Specifically, WiMAX technology operates similar to Wi-Fi. Several substantial differences have only proven WiMAX’s advantages over that of Wi-Fi. WiMAX is evidently considerably faster, operates effectively even over greater distances, and enables greater number of users. For a WiMAX system to work, two essential parts are made sure to function properly: the WiMAX tower and WiMAX receiver.
A WiMAX tower functions similarly as that of a mobile phone tower. A WiMAX single tower is capable to connect directly an equipment or device to the Internet through a specified bandwidth, which is a wired connection. Likewise, a sole WiMAX tower can also connect another tower through what is called a line-of-sight, which is microwave link or connection. The latter connection basically covers up to 3,000 square miles, enabling coverage even to isolated rural areas.
Furthermore, WiMAX is also capable to providing two significant forms of wireless service, which are the 1) Non-line-of-sight—works more like a Wi-Fi service, uses or requires lower frequency range, and with lower-wavelength transmissions; and 2) Line-of-sight service—uses higher frequencies and more bandwidths. Lastly, achieving maximum WiMAX range requires the system to use stronger line-of-sight antennas and WiMAX-enabled computer or router arranged within the transmitter’s 30-mile radius—equivalent to 2,800 square miles or 9,300 square km coverage.