In developing an information systems strategy, companies need to define first how they should approach their information and data needs. This is important because every information project will depend on the approach of how to handle information systems. There are many strategy solutions for information systems or management. But basically, these solutions can be trimmed down to three basic information management strategies.
First, companies can deploy centralized information systems. This is ideal for companies that have adequate information technology infrastructure. It means the hardware requirements for large data needs are in place. It is also very important for companies opting for centralized information systems to have enough competent personnel that can manage the system. Information systems management is a very complicated business process that needs enough people support with technical knowledge.
Second companies can also adopt a distributed information systems strategy. This means the data solution as well as the hardware requirement of companies can be located in different palaces. The most common application of this kind of strategy is to create a distinct data center for every business unit of the entire enterprise. In this way, there is no need for complex centralized IT environment.
Finally, companies can outsource their information systems to third party companies that specialize on information management. There are many companies that offer this type of service. This is a more economical strategy approach which will be ideal for start up companies. However, outsourcing has some disadvantages also such as loss of control over the information systems and vulnerability of the company information.