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Microsoft Office 2003 New features

The core applications, Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Access, had only minor improvements from Office XP

Microsoft Office 2003 New features

Office 2003 features improvements to smart tags such as smart tag Lists, which are defined in XML, by using regular expressions and an extended type library

Microsoft Office 2003 New features

A new picture organizer with basic editing features, called Microsoft Office Picture Manager, was included.

Microsoft Office 2003 New features

Only basic clipart and templates were included on the disc media, with most content hosted online and downloadable from within the Office application. Microsoft advertised Office Online as a major Office 2003 feature “outside the box”. Office Online provides how-to articles, tips, training courses, templates, clip art, stock photos and media and downloads (including Microsoft and third-party extensibility add-ins for Microsoft Office programs).

Microsoft Office 2003 New features

Office 2003 features broad XML integration (designing customized XML schemas, importing and transforming XML data) throughout resulting in a far more data-centric model (instead of a document-based one)

Microsoft Office 2003

Microsoft Office 2003 is an office suite written and distributed by Microsoft for their Windows Operating System. Released to manufacturing on August 19, 2003 and launched on October 21, 2003, it was the successor to Office XP and the predecessor to Office 2007. It is the first version to officially work on Windows 7.

Microsoft Office 2003

A new Office logo was debuted as part of a rebranding effort by Microsoft, as well as two new applications: InfoPath and OneNote. OneNote is a note-taking and organizing application for text, handwritten notes or diagrams, recorded audio and graphics, and InfoPath is an application for designing, distributing, filling and submitting electronic forms containing structured data. Office 2003 was the first version to use Windows XP style icons, visual styles and colors.

Microsoft Office 2003

Office 2003 runs only on NT-based versions of Windows; it is not supported on Windows 98, Windows Me, or Windows NT 4.0. It is the last version of Office compatible with Windows 2000, as Office 2007 requires Windows XP or Vista. It is listed as being “Not Compatible” with Windows 8 by the Microsoft Windows 8 Compatibility Center, although some users have claimed it is compatible.

Microsoft Office 2003

Service Pack 1 for Office 2003 was released on July 27, 2004, Service Pack 2 was released on September 27, 2005, and Service Pack 3 was released on September 17, 2007. The last cumulative update for Office 2003, Service Pack 3 resolved several compatibility and stability issues with Windows Vista and later Operating Systems. Mainstream support for Office 2003 ended April 14, 2009, and extended support will end April 8, 2014.

Microsoft Office 2003 Removed features

Design Time Controls are no longer supported in FrontPage 2003.

Microsoft Office 2003 Removed features

The Access 2.0 database conversion utility is removed from the installation CD and the Client Server Visual Design Tools for Access are no longer included.

Microsoft Office 2003 Removed features

A large number of converters and filters are no longer available on the installation CD. Several international font options are also removed.

Microsoft Office 2003 Removed features

Genigraphics Wizard support and Presentation Broadcasting were removed in PowerPoint 2003. A download for the latter was made available by Microsoft.

Microsoft Office 2003 Removed features

A number of features were removed in Visio 2003.

Microsoft Office 2003 Removed features

In Word 2003, the Comments option on the View menu as well as the button on the Comment pane to close the pane were removed.

Microsoft Office 2003 Removed features

Microsoft Photo Editor was removed, including many features not available in its replacement.

Microsoft Office 2003 Removed features

Due to the deprecation of WinHelp, context-sensitive help was removed in Office 2003.

Microsoft Office 2003 Removed features

The Microsoft Office Shortcut Bar was removed.

Microsoft Office 2003 Applications

Outlook 2003 / Outlook with Business Contact Manager

Microsoft Office 2003 Editions

Teacher Edition ** Standard Small Business Professional Edition

Microsoft Office 2003 Editions

InfoPath No No No No Volume edition only

Microsoft Office 2003 Editions

* Available only in OEM installs (typically in new computers)

Microsoft Lync

Microsoft Lync (formerly Microsoft Office Communicator) and Microsoft Lync for Mac are instant messaging clients used with Microsoft Lync Server or Lync Online available with Microsoft Office 365 and [email protected] They are replacements for Windows Messenger which was used with Microsoft Exchange Server.

Microsoft Lync

Both Microsoft Lync and Microsoft Lync for Mac are enterprise software; unlike Windows Live Messenger, they have a different feature set that is targeted toward corporate environments.

Microsoft Lync History

Microsoft Lync 2010 was made generally available on 25 January 2011. The previous version was Office Communicator 2007 R2, released on 19 March 2009. An even earlier version, “Office Communicator 2007” was released to manufacturing on 28 July 2007 and launched on 27 October 2007. The full-featured desktop version of the client requires Windows 7, Windows Vista or Windows XP with Service Pack 2 or newer.

Microsoft Lync Features

Basic features include instant messaging, Voice Over IP, and video conferencing inside the client software. Advanced features are related to integration with other Microsoft software:

Microsoft Lync Features

Availability of contacts is based on Microsoft Outlook contacts stored in a Microsoft Exchange Server

Microsoft Lync Features

Microsoft Office can show if other people are working on the same document

Microsoft Lync Features

All communication between the clients is done through a Microsoft Lync Server. This makes communications more secure, as messages do not need to leave the corporate intranet, unlike with the Internet based Windows Live Messenger. The server can be set to relay messages to other instant messaging networks, avoiding installation of extra software at the client side.

Microsoft Lync Features

A number of client types are available for Microsoft Lync, including mobile clients.

Microsoft Lync Features

Uses SIP as the basis for its client communication protocol

Microsoft Lync Features

Offers support for TLS and SRTP to encrypt and secure signaling and media traffic.

Microsoft Lync Features

The main new features of this version are the addition of real-time multi-client collaborative software capabilities, (which allow teams of people to see and simultaneously work on the same documents and communications session). These features are implemented as follows:

Microsoft Lync Features

Collaboration through Whiteboard documents, where the participants have freedom to share text, drawing and graphical annotations.

Microsoft Lync Features

Collaboration through Power Point documents, where the participants can control and see presentations, as well as allow everybody to add text, drawing and graphical annotations.

Microsoft Lync Features

Polling lists, where Presenters can organize polls and all participants can vote and see results.

Microsoft Lync Features

Desktop sharing, usually by allowing participants to see and collaborate on your windows screen.

Microsoft Lync Features

All collaboration sessions get automatically defined as conferences, where clients can invite more contacts. Conference initiators (usually called organizers) can either promote participants to act as presenters or demote them to act as attendees. They can also define some basic policies about what presenters and attendees are able to see and do. Deeper details of policy permissions are defined at server level.

Microsoft Lync Features

Following Microsoft’s acquisition of Skype in May 2011, the company plans to deploy the VoIP technology within Lync, as well as its Windows Live Messenger and Xbox Live services.

Microsoft Lync Extensions

As is the case with most instant messaging platforms, non-Microsoft instant messaging clients that have not implemented these publicly available extensions may not work correctly or have complete functionality

Microsoft Lync Extensions

Although other IM protocols such as AIM and Yahoo! do have wider support by third-party clients, these protocols have been largely reverse engineered by outside developers. Microsoft does offer details of its extensions on MSDN and provides an API kit to help developers build platforms that can interoperate with Lync Server and clients.

Microsoft Lync Extensions

Microsoft is expected to add the ability to page other nodes: its absence has held up deployment in some educational environments as current PBX phone systems have this capability and need to retain it, whilst adding the other new functionality.

Microsoft Lync Limitations

Limited Lync Client feature restriction and filtering

Microsoft Lync Limitations

Sort by Availability function issues

Microsoft Lync Microsoft Communicator Mobile

Microsoft has released three editions of Microsoft Communicator for mobile phones, dubbed Microsoft Communicator Mobile. There are three editions of this products: Communicator Mobile for Windows Mobile, Communicator Mobile for Java and Communicator Mobile for Nokia

Microsoft Lync Microsoft Communicator Mobile

Microsoft Communicator Mobile for Nokia was released on 4 May 2010. This version of Microsoft Communicator is made for S60 software platform 3rd Edition Feature Pack 2 and is initially made available for Nokia E72 and Nokia E52. This application is available from Nokia Ovi Store. With the launch of Nokia E7-00, a supported Microsoft Communicator Mobile for Nokia 2.0 has made into Symbian^3 Operating System & it’s available for download at Nokia Ovi Store.

Microsoft Lync Microsoft Communicator Mobile

Microsoft has also released a Lync client for the Windows Phone and Android. A Lync client for the iPhone and iPad was released on 21 December 2011. This requires running iOS 4.3 or later.

Microsoft FrontPage

Microsoft FrontPage (full name Microsoft Office FrontPage) is a discontinued WYSIWYG HTML editor and Web site administration tool from Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows line of Operating Systems. It was branded as part of the Microsoft Office suite from 1997 to 2003. Microsoft FrontPage has since been replaced by Microsoft Expression Web and Sharepoint Designer, which were first released in December 2006 alongside Microsoft Office 2007.

Microsoft FrontPage History

FrontPage was initially created by the Cambridge, Massachusetts company Vermeer Technologies, Incorporated, evidence of which can be easily spotted in file names and directories prefixed _vti_ in Web sites created using FrontPage. Vermeer was acquired by Microsoft in January 1996 specifically so that Microsoft could add FrontPage to its product line-up allowing them to gain an advantage in the browser wars, as FrontPage was designed to create web pages for their own browser, Internet Explorer.

Microsoft FrontPage History

As a “WYSIWYG” (What You See Is What You Get) editor, FrontPage is designed to hide the details of pages’ HTML code from the user, making it possible for novices to create Web pages and Web sites easily.

Microsoft FrontPage History

FrontPage’s initial outing under the Microsoft name came in 1996 with the release of Windows NT 4.0 Server and its constituent Web server Internet Information Services 2.0

Microsoft FrontPage History

However, with FrontPage 2003, Microsoft began moving away from proprietary Server Extensions to standard protocols like FTP and WebDAV for remote Web publishing and authoring

Microsoft FrontPage History

A version for Mac OS was released in 1998; however, it had fewer than the Windows product and Microsoft has never updated it.

Microsoft FrontPage History

In 2006, Microsoft announced that FrontPage would eventually be superseded by two products. Microsoft SharePoint Designer would allow business professionals to design SharePoint-based applications. Microsoft Expression Web is targeted at the Web design professional for the creation of feature-rich Web sites. Microsoft discontinued Microsoft FrontPage in December 2006.

Microsoft FrontPage Features

Some of the features in the last version of FrontPage include:

Microsoft FrontPage Features

FrontPage 2003 consists of a Split View option to allow the user to code in Code View and preview in Design View without the hassle of switching from the Design and Code View tabs for each review.

Microsoft FrontPage Features

Dynamic Web Templates (DWT) were included for the first time in FrontPage 2003 allowing users to create a single template that could be used across multiple pages and even the whole Web site.

Microsoft FrontPage Features

Interactive Buttons give users a new easy way to create Web graphics for navigation and links, eliminating the need for a complicated image-editing package such as Adobe Photoshop.

Microsoft FrontPage Features

The accessibility checker gives the user the ability to check if their code is standards-compliant and that their Web site is easily accessible for people with disabilities. An HTML optimizer is included to aid in optimizing code to make it legible and quicker to process.

Microsoft FrontPage Features

Intellisense, which is a form of autocompletion, is a key feature in FrontPage 2003 that assists the user while typing in Code View

Microsoft FrontPage Features

Code Snippets give users the advantage of creating snippets of their commonly used pieces of code allowing them to store it for easy access whenever it is next needed.

Microsoft FrontPage Features

FrontPage 2003 includes support for programming in ASP.NET a server-side scripting language that adds interactivity to Web sites and Web pages.

Microsoft FrontPage Versions

1997 — Microsoft FrontPage Express 2.0 (free stripped-down version came with Internet Explorer 4 and 5, and could be found online from numerous shareware Web sites

Microsoft FrontPage Versions

1999 — Microsoft FrontPage 2000 (version 9): Included in Office 2000 Premium and Developer editions

Microsoft FrontPage Versions

2001 — Microsoft FrontPage 2002 (version 10): Included in Office XP Professional with FrontPage (volume license only), Office XP Professional Special Edition and Office XP Developer edition.

Microsoft FrontPage Versions

2003 — Microsoft Office FrontPage 2003 (version 11): Not included in any of the Office 2003 editions, sold separately. It was included with Windows Small Business Server 2003.

Microsoft FrontPage Versions

Note: There is no official version 4 to 8, because after FrontPage was included in some Office editions, the FrontPage version numbers followed their Office version numbers. Nonetheless, version numbers may appear in the meta tags of HTML code generated by these versions of FrontPage.

Microsoft Office 365

Office 365 is a subscription-based online office and software plus services suite which offers access to various services and software built around the Microsoft Office platform.

Microsoft Office 365

As such, it first included hosted versions of Exchange, Lync, SharePoint, Office Web Apps, along with access to the Microsoft Office 2010 desktop applications on the Enterprise plan

Microsoft Office 365

After a beta testing process which began in October 2010, Office 365 was officially launched on June 28, 2011.

Microsoft Office 365 History

Facing growing competition from Google’s similar service Google Apps, Microsoft designed the Office 365 platform to “[bring] together” its existing online services (such as the Business Productivity Online Suite) into “an always-up-to-date cloud service” incorporating Exchange Server (for e-mail), SharePoint (for internal social networking, collaboration, and a public web site), and Lync (for communication, VoIP, and conferencing)

Microsoft Office 365 History

With these new offerings, Microsoft began to offer prepaid Office 365 subscriptions through retail outlets alongside the normal, non-subscription-based editions of Office 2013.

Microsoft Office 365 History

On March 19, 2013, Microsoft detailed its plans to provide integration with the enterprise social networking platform Yammer (which they had acquired in 2012) for Office 365: such as the ability to use a single sign-on between the two services, shared feeds and document aggregation, and the ability to entirely replace the SharePoint news feed and social functionality with Yammer

Microsoft Office 365 History

As a limited time offer for certain markets (but notably excluding the U.S.), Microsoft also announced that those who purchase an Office 365 Home Premium or University subscription before September 28, 2013 would receive a one-year Xbox Live Gold subscription.

Microsoft Office 365 Features

The Office 365 service consists of a number of products and services. All of Office 365’s components can be managed and configured through an online portal; users can be added manually, imported from a CSV file, or Office 365 can be set up for single sign-on with a local Active Directory using Active Directory Federation Services.

Microsoft Office 365 Office applications

Some plans for Office 365 also include access to the current versions of the Office desktop applications for both Windows (Office 2013) and OS X (Office for Mac 2011) for the period of the subscription

Microsoft Office 365 Office applications

Access to the Office Mobile Apps for Android and iPhone smartphones are also included.

Microsoft Office 365 Updates

The Office 365 platform uses a rolling release model; updates to the online components of the service are provided once per quarter

Microsoft Office 365 Security

In May 2012, Microsoft announced that Office 365 was now compliant with the Federal Information Security Management Act: compliance with the act would now allow Office 365 to be used by U.S

Microsoft Office 365 Plans

Office 365 is available in a number of different subscription plans aimed at different needs and market segments, providing different sets of features at different price points. These include:

Microsoft Office 365 Plans

Office 365 Home Premium: Aimed at mainstream consumers and families; includes access to most Office applications for home/non-commercial use (excluding InfoPath and Lync) on up to five devices, 20 GB of additional SkyDrive storage, 60 minutes of Skype international calls per month.

Microsoft Office 365 Plans

Office 365 University: A specially-discounted version of Home Premium intended for users in post-secondary institutions. It is similar to Home Premium, except it is purchased on a discounted four-year plan, and only used on two devices by one user.

Microsoft Office 365 Plans

Office 365 Small Business: Offers access to hosted Exchange, SharePoint, and Lync services only.

Microsoft Office 365 Plans

Office 365 Small Business Premium: Aimed at businesses with 1-10 employees and limited IT experience. Offers access to the Office applications on up to five devices per user, plus hosted Exchange (with 25 GB mailbox), SharePoint (with 10 GB of storage, plus an additional 500 MB per user), and Lync services.

Microsoft Office 365 Plans

Office 365 ProPlus: Offers access to the Office 2013 Professional Plus applications for up to 25 users on up to five devices per user.

Microsoft Office 365 Plans

Office 365 Midsize Business: Aimed at businesses with 10-250 employees. Offers access to the Office 2013 applications from ProPlus, plus hosted Exchange, SharePoint, and Lync services.

Microsoft Office 365 Plans

Office 365 Enterprise: Intended for use in enterprise environments. Offers access to all Office applications, hosted Exchange, SharePoint, and Lync services, plus enterprise-specific legal compliance features and support.

Microsoft Office 365 Comparison

Suites Home Premium Small Business Premium ProPlus Enterprise University

Microsoft Office 365 Comparison

Maximum users all users in one household 50 300 Unlimited 1

Microsoft Office 365 Comparison

Commercial use allowed? No Yes Yes Yes No

Microsoft Office 365 Comparison

Has multiple editions No No No No No

Microsoft Office 365 Comparison

Has multiple editions Viewer Viewer Viewer Viewer Viewer

Microsoft Office 365 Reception

TechRadar gave the 2013 update of Office 365 a 4.5 out of 5, praising its administration interfaces for being accessible to users with any level of expertise, the seamless integration of SkyDrive Pro into the Office 2013 desktop applications, and the service as a whole for being suitable in small business environments, while still offering “powerful” options for use in larger companies (such as data loss protection and the ability to integrate with a local Active Directory instance)

Microsoft Entourage

Microsoft Entourage

Microsoft Entourage

Entourage was replaced by Outlook for Macintosh in Microsoft Office for Mac 2011, released on October 26, 2010.

Microsoft Entourage Overview

Entourage provided email, calendar, address book, task list, note list, and project manager functionality. With Entourage 2004, Microsoft began offering a Project Center, which allowed the user to create and organize projects. Information may come from within Entourage or outside the program. Entourage supported retrieving email using POP, IMAP, and (for Microsoft Exchange servers) WebDAV.

Microsoft Entourage Overview

Entourage 2008 featured a new “My Day” utility, which assists in organizing one’s day, and cites (in the welcome message) improvements to search speed, “to do” flags, improved junk mail and phishing protection, as well as quick navigation via favorites and customizable toolbars.

Microsoft Entourage Features

Entourage supported some Mac OS technologies, like the Spotlight search engine and AppleScript; however, the use of a monolithic database made it difficult to back up incrementally with Time Machine. Entourage also maintained a separate Address Book, but allowed synchronization of contacts and calendar events through Sync Services.

Microsoft Entourage Comparison to Outlook

Unlike the other applications in the Mac version of the Microsoft Office suite, Entourage did not share a name with its Microsoft Windows counterpart. Microsoft claimed that Entourage was intended “to address an entirely different audience”. Entourage had its origins in Outlook Express 5 on the Mac, as well as Claris Emailer and contained “no ported code, and no Office code”. Nevertheless, Microsoft has positioned Entourage as a “similar” product for Macintosh customers on Exchange servers.

Microsoft Entourage As a client for Microsoft Exchange

Entourage had included support for Microsoft Exchange servers since August 4, 2003, when the Exchange Update for Entourage X was released. This early release required the use of IMAP for mail connectivity and WebDAV for address and calendar functionality. (Subsequent versions have dropped the requirement for IMAP and rely solely on WebDAV.) Users complained of the lack of a variety of functions present in Outlook for Windows and Outlook 2001.

Microsoft Entourage As a client for Microsoft Exchange

Subsequent versions of Entourage added some of the missing functionality. However, full parity with Outlook as an Exchange client was never available in Entourage 2008. Synchronization of tasks and notes with an Exchange server was not available. Many Exchange users have been vocal in denouncing Microsoft’s omission of these features. Microsoft claimed to have prioritized “reliability” over expanded Exchange support in Entourage 2008.

Microsoft Entourage As a client for Microsoft Exchange

One major shortcoming of Entourage was its inability to handle complex HTML

Microsoft Entourage As a client for Microsoft Exchange

An additional limitation was the inability to attach what is referred to as an “Item” in Outlook to a message while it was being composed since there was no menu choice to allow this. Instead, a user needed to find the item to be forwarded, i.e., a Contact, select it, then choose Forward as vCard from the menu.

Microsoft Entourage As a client for Microsoft Exchange

It was also not possible to create or manage server side rules on the Exchange server, so filtering only worked when the Entourage application was running.

Microsoft Entourage Entourage import/export limitations

Entourage could not natively read Outlook Personal Folder files and could not read Outlook archived emails without first re-importing them back into the main Windows Outlook database. As a result, it was impossible to directly transfer email data from Outlook (Windows) into Entourage (Mac).

Microsoft Entourage Entourage import/export limitations

Although Microsoft had released a PST Import Tool for Entourage, this did not directly solve the problem of exporting data from Windows to Mac, because this utility could only import PST files from Outlook 2001 for the Mac.

Microsoft Entourage Entourage import/export limitations

One could import a Windows Outlook 2000 compatible PST to Mac Outlook 2001, and then use the utility to import into Entourage. To address this, Microsoft made Mac Outlook 2001 available for free download at download.microsoft.com/download/Outlook2001Mac/Install/1.0/MacOS/EN-US/Outlook2001en.bin

Microsoft Entourage Entourage import/export limitations

This wasn’t a solution for all Mac users, because Outlook 2001 only runs in the Classic Environment, which cannot run in OS 10.5 or on any Intel Macs. Outlook for Office 2011 for Intel Macs, is able to import Outlook .pst files from Windows; however, data will be stored as many individual files, rather than in a single database such as .pst or the Entourage database.

Microsoft Entourage Entourage import/export limitations

Macworld indicates that Windows Outlook messages can be transferred to Apple Mail or Entourage by using Mozilla Thunderbird as an intermediate agent. Thunderbird on Windows is used to import the mail from Outlook. Then the converted mail file is moved from the Windows Thunderbird directory to the Mac and the import feature is used on Mac Mail or Entourage. However, message attachments will be lost in the conversion to Thunderbird.

Microsoft Entourage Entourage import/export limitations

Commercial third-party software (e.g. Emailchemy) is available to facilitate the transfer of Outlook data to Entourage. But those using the mbox format will not be able to respect any subfolder hierarchy since the mbox format doesn’t support it.

Microsoft Entourage Entourage import/export limitations

Other alternative solutions include synchronizing: to an iPod Touch or iPhone through iTunes; using Apple MobileMe service; using an IMAP-enabled email provider; using a Microsoft Exchange server.

Microsoft Entourage Version history

Outlook Express 4 or 5 (Entourage’s predecessor), included with Microsoft Office 98 Macintosh Edition (version 8)

Microsoft Entourage Version history

{Sources contradicted each other as to ver. 4 or ver. 5}

Microsoft Entourage Version history

Entourage 2001, included with Microsoft Office 2001 (version 9)

Microsoft Entourage Version history

Entourage X, included with Office X (version X)

Microsoft Entourage Version history

Entourage 2004, included with Office 2004 for Mac (version 11)

Microsoft Entourage Version history

Entourage 2008, included with Office 2008 for Mac (version 12)

Microsoft Entourage Version history

Entourage 2008 Web Services Edition, separate download from www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=10419 (version 13)

Microsoft Liquid Motion

This article relies on references to primary sources. Please add references to secondary or tertiary sources.

Microsoft Liquid Motion

Microsoft Liquid Motion was a product from Microsoft to create Java animations. It was based on technology acquired from Dimension-X. A beta was released in 1998, and version 1.0 was released soon thereafter to compete with Macromedia Flash. The product was eventually discontinued by Microsoft in 2000 due to lack of popularity. Since Liquid Motion created Java-based animations, they were cross-platform and browser-independent.

Microsoft Excel Basic operation

Microsoft Excel has the basic features of all spreadsheets, using a grid of cells arranged in numbered rows and letter-named columns to organize data manipulations like arithmetic operations

Microsoft Excel Basic operation

Microsoft allows for a number of optional command-line switches to control the manner in which Excel starts.

Microsoft Excel VBA programming

The Windows version of Excel supports programming through Microsoft’s Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), which is a dialect of Visual Basic

Microsoft Excel VBA programming

VBA was removed from Mac Excel 2008, as the developers did not believe that a timely release would allow porting the VBA engine natively to Mac OS X. VBA was restored in the next version, Mac Excel 2011.

Microsoft Excel VBA programming

A common and easy way to generate VBA code is by using the Macro Recorder

Microsoft Excel VBA programming

Users should be aware that using Macro Recorded code may not be compatible from one version of Excel to another. Some code that is used in Excel 2010 can not be used in Excel 2003. Making a Macro that changes the cell colors and making changes to other aspects of cells may not be backward compatible.

Microsoft Excel VBA programming

VBA code interacts with the spreadsheet through the Excel Object Model, a vocabulary identifying spreadsheet objects, and a set of supplied functions or methods that enable reading and writing to the spreadsheet and interaction with its users (for example, through custom toolbars or command bars and message boxes). User-created VBA subroutines execute these actions and operate like macros generated using the macro recorder, but are more flexible and efficient.

Microsoft Excel History

All versions of Excel, including Excel 2010 are capable of running an XLM macro, though Microsoft discourages their use.

Microsoft Excel Charts

Excel supports charts, graphs, or histograms generated from specified groups of cells. The generated graphic component can either be embedded within the current sheet, or added as a separate object.

Microsoft Excel Charts

These displays are dynamically updated if the content of cells change. For example, suppose that the important design requirements are displayed visually; then, in response to a user’s change in trial values for parameters, the curves describing the design change shape, and their points of intersection shift, assisting the selection of the best design.

Microsoft Excel Number of rows and columns

Versions of Excel up to 7.0 had a limitation in the size of their data sets of 16K (214 = 16384) rows. Versions 8.0 through 11.0 could handle 64K (216 = 65536) rows and 256 columns (28 as label ‘IV’). Version 12.0 can handle 1M (220 = 1048576) rows, and 16384 (214 as label ‘XFD’) columns.

Microsoft Excel File formats

Microsoft Excel up until 2007 version used a proprietary file format called Excel File Format (.XLS) as its primary format. Excel 2007 uses Office Open XML as its primary file format, an XML-based format that followed after a previous XML-based format called “XML Spreadsheet” (“XMLSS”), first introduced in Excel 2002.

Microsoft Excel File formats

Although supporting and encouraging the use of new XML-based formats as replacements, Excel 2007 remained backwards-compatible with the traditional, formats. In addition, most versions of Microsoft Excel can read CSV, DBF, SYLK, DIF, and other legacy formats. Support for some older file formats was removed in Excel 2007. The file formats were mainly from DOS-based programs.

Microsoft Excel Binary

OpenOffice.org has created documentation of the Excel format. Since then Microsoft made the Excel binary format specification available to freely download.

Microsoft Excel XML Spreadsheet

The XML Spreadsheet format introduced in Excel 2002 is a simple, XML based format missing some more advanced features like storage of VBA macros

Microsoft Excel XML Spreadsheet

Microsoft Office 2007 SharePoint Designer

Support for creating workflows and data reports, from external data sources.

Microsoft Office 2007 SharePoint Designer

Allows XML data to be displayed using XSLT

Microsoft Office 2007 SharePoint Server 2007

Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 allows sharing and collaborative editing of Office 2007 documents. It allows central storage of documents and management of Office documents, throughout the enterprise. These documents can be accessed either by the applications which created them, Microsoft Office Outlook 2007, or a web browser. Documents can also be managed through pre-defined policies that let users create and publish shared content, through a SharePoint site.

Microsoft Office 2007 SharePoint Server 2007

SharePoint Server allows searching of all Office documents which are being managed by it, centrally, thereby making data more accessible. It also provides access control for documents. Specialized server components can plug into the SharePoint Server to extend the functionality of the server, such as Excel Services exposing data analysis services for Excel services. Data from other data sources can also be merged with Office data.

Microsoft Office 2007 SharePoint Server 2007

SharePoint also lets users personalize the SharePoint sites, filtering content they are interested in. SharePoint documents can also be locally cached by clients for offline editing; the changes are later merged.

Microsoft Office 2007 Forms Server 2007

Microsoft Office Forms Server 2007 allows InfoPath forms to be accessed and filled out using any browser, including mobile phone browsers

Microsoft Office 2007 Groove Server 2007

Microsoft Office Groove Server 2007 is for centrally managing all deployments of Microsoft Office Groove 2007 in the enterprise

Microsoft Office 2007 Project Server 2007

Microsoft Office Project Server 2007 allows one to centrally manage and coordinate projects. It allows budget and resource tracking, and activity plan management. The project data and reports can also be further analyzed using Cube Building Service. The project management data can be accessed from a browser as well.

Microsoft Office 2007 Project Portfolio Server 2007

Microsoft Office Project Portfolio Server 2007 allows creation of a project portfolio, including workflows, hosted centrally, so that the information is available throughout the enterprise, even from a browser

Microsoft Office 2007 PerformancePoint Server 2007

Microsoft PerformancePoint Server allows users to monitor, analyze, and plan their business as well as drive alignment, accountability, and actionable insight across the entire organization. It includes features for scorecards, dashboards, reporting, analytics, budgeting and forecasting, among others.

Microsoft Office 2007 Removed features

The following Office 2003 features have been removed in Office 2007:

Microsoft Office 2007 Removed features

Fully customizable toolbars and menus for all of its applications Quick Access Toolbar and the ribbon have limited customizability. Office 2010 reintroduced ribbon UI customizability.

Microsoft Office 2007 Removed features

Speech recognition (included as part of Windows Vista and later)

Microsoft Office 2007 Removed features

Handwriting recognition and ink features (included as part of Windows Vista and later) [unreliable source?]

Microsoft Office 2007 Removed features

Choice of local installation source allowing users to choose whether to keep a locally cached copy of installation source files or remove it. Setup files are now cached locally without user preference and cannot be removed. They are recreated by Office 2007 if removed.

Microsoft Office 2007 Removed features

Several deployment-related utility resource kit tools. Some primary deployment tools ship with Office 2007 itself.

Microsoft Office 2007 Removed features

Office FileSearch object and File Search functionality from File menu

Microsoft Office 2007 Ribbons

Even though the ribbon can be hidden, PC World wrote that the new “ribbon” interface crowds the Office work area, especially for notebook users

Microsoft Office 2007 Ribbons

Some users with experience using previous versions of Microsoft Office have complained about having to find features in the ribbon. Others state that having learnt to use the new interface, it has improved the speed with which “professional-looking” documents can be created. Microsoft has released a series of small programs, help sheets, videos and add-ins to help users learn the new interface more quickly.

Microsoft Office 2007 Patenting controversy

Microsoft contractor Mike Gunderloy left Microsoft partially over his disagreement with the company’s “sweeping land grab” including its attempt to patent the ribbon interface. He says “Microsoft itself represents a grave threat to the future of software development through its increasing inclination to stifle competition through legal shenanigans.” He says that by leaving Microsoft, he is “no longer contributing to the eventual death of programming.”

Microsoft Office 2007 Office Open XML

The new XML-based document file format in Microsoft Office 2007 is incompatible with previous versions of Microsoft Office unless an add-on is installed for the older version.

Microsoft Office 2007 Office Open XML

informed Microsoft that Microsoft Word 2007’s file format impairs usability for scholarly publishing

Microsoft Office 2007 Bibliographies

The new Word 2007 features for bibliographies only support a small number of fixed citation styles. Using XSLT, new styles can be added. Some extra styles, such as the standard Association for Computing Machinery publication format, are made freely available by third parties.

Microsoft Office 2013

Initial release January 29, 2013; 8 months ago

Microsoft Office 2013

Microsoft Office 2013 (formerly Office 15) is a version of Microsoft Office, a productivity suite for Microsoft Windows. It is the successor of Microsoft Office 2010 and includes extended file format support, user interface updates and support for touch among its new features. Office 2013 is suitable for IA-32 and x64 systems and requires Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 or a later version of either. A version of Office 2013 comes included on Windows RT devices.

Microsoft Office 2013

Microsoft released Office 2013 to general availability on 29 January 2013

Microsoft Office 2013

Microsoft Office applications may be obtained individually; this includes Microsoft Visio, Microsoft Project and Microsoft SharePoint Designer which are not included in any of the twelve editions.

Microsoft Office 2013 Development

Development started in 2010 while Microsoft was finishing work on Office 14, released as Microsoft Office 2010. On January 30, 2012, Microsoft released a technical preview of Office 15, build 3612.1010, to a selected group of testers bound by non-disclosure agreements.

Microsoft Office 2013 Development

On July 16, 2012, Microsoft held a press conference to show off Office 2013 and to release the Consumer Preview. The Office 2013 Consumer Preview is a free, fully functional version but will expire 60 days after the final product’s release. An update was issued for the Office 2013 Customer Preview suite on October 5.

Microsoft Office 2013 Development

Office 2013 was released to manufacturing on October 11, 2012. It was made available to TechNet and MSDN subscribers on October 24. On November 15, 2012, 60-days trial versions of Microsoft Office 2013 Professional Plus, Project Professional 2013 and Visio Professional 2013 were made available to the public over the Internet. Microsoft has released Office 2013 for general availability on 29 January 2013.

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Office 2013 is more cloud-based than previous versions; a domain login, Office 365 account, or Microsoft account can now be used to sync Office application settings (including recent documents) between devices, and users can also save documents directly to their SkyDrive account.

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Microsoft Office 2013 includes updated support for ISO/IEC 29500, the International Standard version of Office Open XML (OOXML) file format: in particular it supports saving in the “Strict” profile of ISO/IEC 29500 (Office Open XML Strict). It also supports OASIS version 1.2 of ISO/IEC 26300:2006, Open Document Format, which Office 2013 can read and write. Additionally, Office 2013 provides full read, write, and edit support for ISO 32000 (PDF).

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

New features include a new read mode in Microsoft Word, a presentation mode in Microsoft PowerPoint and improved touch and inking in all of the Office programs. Microsoft Word can also insert video and audio from online sources as well as the capability to broadcast documents on the Web. Word and PowerPoint also have bookmark-like features which sync the position of the document between different computers.

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

The Office Web Apps suite was also updated for Office 2013, introducing additional editing features and interface changes.

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Other features of Office 2013 include:

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Flatter look of the Ribbon interface and subtle animations when typing or selecting (Word and Excel)

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

A new visualization for scheduled tasks in Microsoft Outlook

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Objects such as images can be freely moved; they snap to boundaries such as paragraph edges, document margin and or column boundaries

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Online picture support with content from Office.com, Bing.com and Flickr (by default, only images in public domain)[clarification needed What kind of support?]

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Ability to return to the last viewed or edited location in Word and PowerPoint

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Support for integration with Skype, Yammer and SkyDrive

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

IMAP special folders support

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Excel 2013 supports new limit models, as follows:

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Quantifiable limits in objects

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Characters in a table or column name 100 characters

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Number of tables in a model 2,147,483,647 bytes (2 GiB minus 1 byte)

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Number of columns and calculated columns in a table 2,147,483,647 bytes (2 GiB minus 1 byte)

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Number of distinct values in a column 1,999,999,997

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Number of rows in a table 1,999,999,997

Microsoft Office 2013 New features

Reserved characters that cannot be used in a Name1 . , ; ‘ ` : / \ * | ? ” & % $ ! + = () [] {} < >

Microsoft Office 2013 Removed features

Only basic version of help files available while offline. There is no longer an option to install local help files during installation.

Microsoft Office 2013 Removed features

dBASE support suite

Microsoft Office 2013 Removed features

Outlook Exchange Classic offline

Microsoft Office 2013 Removed features

/Cleanfreebusy command line start up switch[further explanation needed]

Microsoft Office 2013 Removed features

Ability to import from or export to any formats other than Personal Storage Table (PST) or comma-separated values (CSV)

Microsoft Office 2013 Removed features

Notes and Journal customization

Microsoft Office 2013 Removed features

Outlook Activities tab

Microsoft Office 2013 Removed features

Outlook Search through Windows Shell

Microsoft Office 2013 Distribution changes

The DVD version is still offered in select regions, such as what Microsoft classified as emerging markets, as well as Australia, at the discretion of retailers.

Microsoft Office 2013 Licensing changes

The original license agreement for retail of Microsoft Office 2013 was different from the license agreements of retail of previous versions of Microsoft Office in two significant ways. The first of these was that the software could no longer be transferred to another computer. In previous versions of Office, this restriction applied only to OEM ; retail Office license agreements allowed uninstalling from one computer to install on another computer.

Microsoft Office 2013 Licensing changes

Microsoft stated that this change was related to the software piracy that has been rampant for years, worldwide

Microsoft Office 2013 Licensing changes

However, on March 6, 2013, Microsoft announced that equivalent transfer rights to those in the Office 2010 retail license agreements are applicable to retail Office 2013 copies effective immediately

Microsoft Office 2013 Traditional editions

As with previous versions, Office 2013 is made available in several distinct editions aimed towards different markets. All traditional editions of Microsoft Office 2013 contain Word, Excel, PowerPoint and OneNote and are licensed for use on one computer.

Microsoft Office 2013 Traditional editions

Home & Student: This suite includes the core applications Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote. It is available at retail outlets and may not be used for commercial purposes.

Microsoft Office 2013 Traditional editions

Home & Business: This retail suite adds Outlook to the core lineup.

Microsoft Office 2013 Traditional editions

Standard: This suite adds Outlook and Publisher to the core lineup and is only available through volume licensing channels.

Microsoft Office 2013 Traditional editions

Professional: A retail suite, it includes Outlook, Publisher and Access as well as the core apps.

Microsoft Office 2013 Traditional editions

Professional Plus: Available through volume licensing only, this suite includes Word, Excel, PowerPoint, OneNote, Outlook, Publisher, Access, InfoPath and Lync.

Microsoft Office 2013 Office 365

The Office 365 online services (previously aimed towards business and enterprise users) were expanded for Office 2013 to include new plans aimed at home use

Microsoft Office 2013 Office RT

A special version of Office 2013 known as Office 2013 Home & Student RT is shipped with all Windows RT devices, initially consisting of Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote

Microsoft Office 2013 Office RT

Windows RT devices on launch were shipped with a “preview” version of Office Home & Student 2013 RT. The release date for the final version varied depending on the user’s language, and was distributed through Windows Update when released. On June 5, 2013, Microsoft announced that with the upcoming release of Windows RT 8.1, Outlook would be added to the suite in response to public demand.

Microsoft Office 2013 Office RT

Office RT modifies or excludes other various features for compatibility reasons or resource reduction

Microsoft Office 2013 Office RT

As the version of Office RT included on Windows RT devices is based off the Home & Student version, it cannot be used for “commercial, nonprofit, or revenue-generating activities” unless the organization has a volume license for Office 2013 already, or the user has an Office 365 subscription with commercial use rights.

Microsoft Office 2013 Windows Store apps

Alongside Office RT, free versions of OneNote and the Lync client were made available as Windows Store apps upon the release of Windows 8 and RT. The OneNote app, originally known as OneNote MX, contains a limited feature set in comparison to its desktop version, but is also optimized for use on tablets.

Microsoft Office 2013 Windows Store apps

At the Build 2013 keynote, Julie Larson-Green demonstrated an early version of a PowerPoint app for Windows 8/RT.

Microsoft Office 2013 Office Mobile

Windows Phone 8 ships with an updated version of the Office Mobile suite, consisting of mobile versions of Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote

Microsoft Office 2013 Office Mobile

In June 2013, Microsoft released a version of Office Mobile for iPhone; it is similar to the Windows Phone version, but requires an Office 365 subscription to use. A version for Android smartphones was released in July 2013.

Microsoft Office 2013 System requirements

Each Microsoft Office 2013 application has the following requirements, although there may be app-specific requirements.

Microsoft Office 2013 System requirements

CPU 1 GHz clock speed, IA-32 or x64 architecture with SSE2 support

Microsoft Office 2013 System requirements

In addition to these, graphics hardware acceleration requires a screen resolution of 1024×576 pixels or larger and a DirectX 10-compliant GPU with at least 64 MB of video memory.

Microsoft InterConnect

Discontinued 2007 SP2 / 21 April 2009; 4 years ago

Microsoft InterConnect

Website www.microsoft.com/japan/office/iconnect/prodinfo/default.aspx

Microsoft InterConnect

Microsoft InterConnect, or Microsoft Office InterConnect, is a discontinued personal information manager application previously sold as part of the Microsoft Office suite by Microsoft Japan. It provides the ability for the user to have a Digital Business Card, a sort of digital signature.

Microsoft InterConnect Further reading

Galli, Peter (24 July 2004). “MS Office Interconnect Beta Manages Contacts, Digital Business Cards”. eWeek. Retrieved 3 September 2006.

Microsoft InterConnect Further reading

“Description of Microsoft Office InterConnect 2007 Service Pack 2 (Revision 3.1)”. Microsoft Support. Microsoft Corporation. 21 April 2009. Retrieved 10 April 2010.

Microsoft InterConnect Further reading

“Description of InterConnect 2004 Service Pack 2 (Revision 1.6)”. Microsoft Support. Microsoft Corporation. 28 September 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2010.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac

Office 2008 was followed by Microsoft Office for Mac 2011 d on October 26, 2010, requiring a Mac with an Intel processor and Mac OS version 10.5 or later

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Release

Office 2008 was originally slated for release in the second half of 2007; however, it was delayed until January 2008, purportedly to allow time to fix lingering bugs. Office 2008 is the first version of Office for Mac supplied as a Universal Binary.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Release

Unlike Office 2007 for Windows, Office 2008 was not offered as a public beta before its scheduled release date.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Features

Office 2008 for Mac includes the same core programs currently included with Office 2004 for Mac: Entourage, Excel, PowerPoint and Word.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Features

Mac-only features included are a publishing layout view, which offers functionality similar to Microsoft Publisher for Windows, a “Ledger Sheet mode” in Excel to ease financial tasks, and a “My Day” application offering a quick way to view the day’s events.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Features

Office 2008 supports the new Office Open XML format, and defaults to saving all files in this format. On February 21, 2008 Geoff Price revealed that the format conversion update for Office 2004 would be delayed until June 2008 in order to provide the first update to Office 2008.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Features

In May 2008, Microsoft announced that VBA will be making a return in the next version of Microsoft Office for Mac

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

Microsoft’s response is that adding VBA support in Xcode would have resulted in an additional two years added to the development cycle of Office 2008

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

Benchmarks suggest that the original release of Office 2008 runs slower on Macs with PowerPC processors, and does not provide a significant speed bump for Macs with Intel processors.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

A data-compatibility problem has also been noted with CambridgeSoft’s chemical structure drawing program, ChemDraw

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

This appears to be related to users modifying the contents of the Microsoft Office folder in ways which do not cause problems with most other software (such as “localizing” using a program to remove application support files in unwanted languages), and which do not affect Office’s operations, but which cause the updaters’ installers to believe that the application is not valid for update

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

Microsoft is apparently looking into the problem, but it is unclear if they will reinstate the older Type codes, citing security concerns.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

Another problem with cross-platform compatibility is that images inserted into any Office application by using either cut and paste or drag and drop result in a file that does not display the inserted graphic when viewed on a Windows machine. Instead, the Windows user is told “QuickTime and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are needed to see this picture”. A user presented one solution as far back as December 2004.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

A further example of the lack of feature parity is the track changes function

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

Using Microsoft Office with Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard solves some of the problems.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

In addition, there is no support for right to left and bidirectional languages (such as Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, etc.) in Office 2008, making it impossible to read or edit a right to left document in Word 2008 or PowerPoint 2008. Languages such as Thai are similarly not supported, although installing fonts can sometimes allow documents written in these languages to be displayed.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

Proofing tools for other languages failed to find their way to the installation pack, and are not offered by Microsoft commercially in the form of separately sold language packs

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Limitations

Microsoft Visio is not available for Mac. This means that not only are Visio documents not editable on the Mac, but also any embedded Visio diagrams in other Office documents (e.g. Word) cannot be rendered on the Mac. Embedded Visio diagrams appear as a low-quality bitmap both in the WYSIWYG editor and upon printing the document on the Mac.

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Editions

Applications and services Home & Student Standard Business Edition Special Media Edition

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Editions

Entourage Included Included Included Included

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Editions

Exchange Server support Not included Included Included Included

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Editions

Automator Actions Not included Included Included Included

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Editions

Office Live and SharePoint support Not included Not included Included Not included

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac Editions

Expression Media Not included Not included Not included Included

Microsoft Mail

Microsoft Mail (or MSMail) was the name given to several early Microsoft e-mail products.

Microsoft Mail Mac Networks

The first Microsoft Mail product was introduced in 1988 for AppleTalk Networks. It was based on InterMail, a product that Microsoft purchased and updated. An MS-DOS client was added for PCs on AppleTalk networks. It was later sold off to become Quarterdeck Mail, then Star Nine Mail, and has long since been discontinued.

Microsoft Mail PC Networks

The second Microsoft Mail product was introduced in 1991 for PC Networks. It was based on Network Courier, a product that Microsoft purchased and updated. There were clients for MS-DOS and Windows, including Windows for Workgroups Mail. A stripped-down version of the PC-based server, Microsoft Mail for PC Networks, was included in Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0. The last version was 3.5 as it was replaced by Microsoft Exchange Server (which starts with version 4.0).

Microsoft Mail PC Networks

The client software was also named Microsoft Mail and was included in some older versions of Microsoft Office such as version 4.x. The original “Inbox” (Exchange client or Windows Messaging) of Windows 95 also had the capability to connect to an MS Mail server. Later, they were replaced with the much more powerful Microsoft Exchange and later Outlook (Windows) and Entourage (Mac).

Microsoft Mail PC Networks

A multitasking MTA was added with Microsoft Mail for PC Networks 3.5

Microsoft Mail PC Networks

Many companies running these gateways quickly replaced them with Microsoft Exchange Server connectors. In particular an early part of a migration from MSMail to Exchange included replacing the Microsoft Mail for PC Networks Gateway to SMTP to the Microsoft Exchange Internet Mail Connector, later renamed to the Microsoft Exchange Internet Mail Service.

Microsoft Mail PC Networks

A single postoffice was locked to a limit of 500 mailboxes. This meant a large enterprise would require many postoffices and many MTAs to connect these postoffices. Also, the Microsoft Mail Client for Windows used an MMF file to store messages, they were downloaded off the postoffice. Because of the file lock and the way they were accessed a user could only login to their mail from a single PC at a time. This made using MSMail across multiple machines problematic.

Microsoft Mail PC Networks

For enterprises a challenge of running a Microsoft Mail for PC Networks environment was the method of synchronizing directories (Global Address Books). Every postoffice had a separate Global Address List and these were synchronized using MSMail 3.X directory synchronization protocol and software called dispatch.exe.

Microsoft Excel Viewer

Website www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=10

Microsoft Excel Viewer

Microsoft Excel Viewer is a freeware program for viewing and printing spreadsheet documents created by Microsoft Excel. Excel Viewer is similar to Microsoft Word Viewer in functionality. There is not a current version for the Mac. Excel Viewer is available for Microsoft Windows and Windows CE handheld PCs, such as the NEC MobilePro.

Microsoft Excel Viewer

According to the terms of the Microsoft Excel Viewer 2003 license agreement, the software may be installed and used to view and screen print documents created with Microsoft Office software. The software may not be used for any other purpose.

Microsoft Excel Viewer Online Excel Viewer

It is also possible to open excel files using certain online tools and services. The job of these online excel viewers is quite simple: they allow users to open excel spreadsheets inside the browser window, and it doesn’t require users to have Microsoft Excel installed. Some of these online excel viewing tools also allow users to edit and share their files online.

Dynamic-link library Microsoft Visual Basic

In Visual Basic (VB), only run-time linking is supported; but in addition to using LoadLibrary and GetProcAddress API functions, declarations of imported functions are allowed.

Dynamic-link library Microsoft Visual Basic

When importing DLL functions through declarations, VB will generate a run-time error if the DLL file cannot be found. The developer can catch the error and handle it appropriately.

Dynamic-link library Microsoft Visual Basic

When creating DLLs in VB, the IDE will only allow you to create ActiveX DLLs, however methods have been created to allow the user to explicitly tell the linker to include a .DEF file which defines the ordinal position and name of each exported function. This allows the user to create a standard Windows DLL using Visual Basic (Version 6 or lower) which can be referenced through a “Declare” statement.

Dynamic-link library Microsoft Visual Basic

Declare Function AddNumbers Lib “Example.dll” _

Dynamic-link library Microsoft Visual Basic

Dim Result As Double

History of Microsoft Office Mac versions

January 23, 1990 Office 1 Word 1, etc.

History of Microsoft Office Mac versions

August 1, 1990 Office 1.1 Word 3, etc.

History of Microsoft Office Mac versions

October 11, 2000 Office 2001 (9.0 Word/Excel/PowerPoint and Entourage 2001 (final release for Mac OS 9, latest update 9.0.6.)

History of Microsoft Office Mac versions

November 19, 2001 Office v. X (10.0) Word/Excel/PowerPoint/Entourage X (first release for Mac OS X, latest update 10.1.9)

History of Microsoft Office Mac versions

February 12, 2004 Office 2004 (11.0) Word/Excel/PowerPoint/Entourage 2004 (latest update 11.6.4)

History of Microsoft Office Mac versions

January 15, 2008 Office 2008 (12.0) Word/Excel/PowerPoint/Entourage 2008 (the first release that runs natively on both PPC and Intel without the use of the Rosetta emulation layer, latest update 12.3.0. Does NOT support VBA macros.)

History of Microsoft Office Mac versions

October 26, 2010 Office 2011 (14.0) Word/Excel/PowerPoint/Outlook 2011 (first release for Intel only, latest update 14.1.2. Support for VBA re-instated to this version.)

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

November 19, 1990 Office 1.0 Word 1.1, Excel 2.0, PowerPoint 2.0March 4, 1991 Office 1.5 Word 1.1, Excel 3.0, PowerPoint 2.0July 8, 1991 Office 1.6 Word 1.1, Excel 3.0, PowerPoint 2.0, Mail 2.1August 30, 1992 Office 3.0 CD-ROM version: Word 2.0c, Excel 4.0a, PowerPoint 3.0, Mail Later rebranded as Office 92

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

January 17, 1994 Office 4.0 Word 6.0, Excel 4.0, PowerPoint 3.0.June 2, 1994 Office 4.3 Word 6.0, Excel 5.0, PowerPoint 4.0, Mail 3.2 and in the Pro version, Access 2.0. This is the last 16-bit version. This is also the last version to support Windows 3.x, Windows NT 3.1 and Windows NT 3.5 (Windows NT 3.51 was supported up to and including Office 97).

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

July 3, 1994 Office for NT 4.2 Word 6.0 and Excel 5.0 (both 32-bit, i386, MIPS, PowerPC, and Alpha), PowerPoint 4.0 (16-bit), “Microsoft Office Manager”.August 30, 1995 Office 95 (7.0) Word 7 for Windows 95, etc. Coincided with the Windows 95 Operating System release. Works only on Windows 95, NT 3.51 or higher. This is the first Office version to have the same version number (7.0, inherited from Word 6.0) for all major component products (Word, Excel and so on).

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

November 19, 1996 Office 97 (8.0) Word 97, etc. Was published on CD-ROM as well as on a set of 45 3½-inch floppy disks), became Y2K safe with Service Release 2. Last version to support Windows NT 3.51 on i386 and Alpha.

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

June 20, 1998 Office 97 Powered by Word 98 (8.5) The only way to get Word 98. Was released only in Japanese and Korean . First version to contain Outlook 98 in all and Publisher 98 in the Small Business Edition. And also the first version of Office 97 to support Windows 98.

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

June 7, 1999 Office 2000 (9.0) Word 2000, etc. Last version to support Windows 95. Office 2000 is also the last version which does not include Product Activation and is not covered by Office Genuine Advantage, although on individual installs, the Office Update website still required the presence of original install media for updates to install.

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

May 31, 2001 Office XP (10.0) Word 2002, etc. Last version to support Windows 98/Me/NT 4.0. Improved support for working in restricted accounts under Windows 2000/XP.

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

November 17, 2003 Office 2003 (11.0) Word 2003, etc. First version to introduce Windows XP style icons. Last version to support Windows 2000.

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

January 30, 2007 Office 2007 (12.0) Word 2007, etc. Broadly released alongside Windows Vista.

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

June 15, 2010 Office 2010 (14.0)This is the first version to ship in 32- and 64-bits.

History of Microsoft Office Timeline

October 11, 2012 Office 2013 (15.0) Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, Access, InfoPath Designer, InfoPath Filler, Lync, OneNote, Publisher, SkyDrive Pro, Visio, Project, All applications names end with “2013”

Explicit Congestion Notification Microsoft Windows

Windows versions since Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista support ECN for TCP, but it is disabled by default. ECN support can be enabled with the following shell command:

Digital Equipment Corporation Early microcomputers

At the beginning of the 1980s, DEC built the VT180 (codenamed “Robin”), which was a VT100 terminal with an added Z80-based microcomputer running CP/M, but this product was initially available only to DEC employees.

Digital Equipment Corporation Early microcomputers

In addition, a new user would have to learn an awkward, slow, and inflexible menu-based user interface which appeared to be radically different from PC DOS or CP/M, which were more commonly used on the 8080 and 8088 based microcomputers of the time

Digital Equipment Corporation Early microcomputers

The best known of DEC’s early microcomputers was the dual-processor (Z80 and 8088) Rainbow 100, which ran the 8-bit CP/M operating system on the Z80 and the 16-bit CP/M-86 operating system on the Intel 8086 processor

Digital Equipment Corporation Early microcomputers

The way the DEC standard RX50 floppy disk drive supported DEC’s initial offerings seemed to encapsulate their approach to the personal computer market

Digital Equipment Corporation Early microcomputers

A further system was introduced in 1986 as the VAXmate, which included Microsoft Windows 1.0 and used VAX/VMS-based file and print servers along with integration into DEC’s own DECnet-family, providing LAN/WAN connection from PC to mainframe or supermini. The VAXmate replaced the Rainbow, and in its standard form was the first widely marketed diskless workstation.

GNU General Public License Microsoft

In July 2009, Microsoft itself released a body of around 20,000 lines of Linux driver code under the GPL

Alcatel-Lucent Alcatel-Lucent v. Microsoft

Alcatel-Lucent v. Microsoft

Alcatel-Lucent Alcatel-Lucent v. Microsoft

Lucent Technologies filed suit against Gateway and Dell, claiming they had violated patents on MP3, MPEG and other technologies developed by Bell Labs, a division of predecessor company American Telephone & Telegraph. Microsoft voluntarily joined the lawsuit in April 2003, and Alcatel was added after it acquired Lucent. The case, involving a number of patents, is pending in U.S. District Court in San Diego, California.

Alcatel-Lucent Alcatel-Lucent v. Microsoft

The first part of the case involved two audio coding patents that Alcatel-Lucent claimed were infringed by Microsoft’s Windows Media Player application. Alcatel-Lucent won the trial and $1.52 billion in damages, but the judge granted Microsoft’s motion for judgment and new trial. Alcatel-Lucent says it will appeal.

Alcatel-Lucent Alcatel-Lucent v. Microsoft

In the second part of the case, the judge ruled that Microsoft had not violated Alcatel-Lucent’s patents relating to speech recognition and the case was therefore dismissed before going to trial. Alcatel-Lucent intends to appeal.

Alcatel-Lucent Alcatel-Lucent v. Microsoft

The third part of the case, involving several user interface-related patents, is scheduled to begin on 21 May 2013.

Alcatel-Lucent Alcatel-Lucent v. Microsoft

Additional patent infringement cases, some filed by Microsoft and some filed by Alcatel-Lucent, are pending in the U.S.

Advanced Micro Devices

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. is an American multinational (fabless after GlobalFoundries was spun off in 2009) semiconductor company based in Sunnyvale, California, United States, that develops computer processors and related technologies for commercial and consumer markets. Its main products include microprocessors, motherboard chipsets, embedded processors and graphics processors for servers, workstations and personal computers, and embedded systems applications.

Advanced Micro Devices

AMD is the second-largest global supplier of microprocessors based on the x86 architecture and also one of the largest suppliers of graphics processing units. It also owns 8.6% of Spansion, a supplier of non-volatile flash memory.

Advanced Micro Devices

AMD is the only significant rival to Intel in the central processor (CPU) market for (x86 based) personal computers. Since acquiring ATI in 2006, AMD and its competitor Nvidia have dominated the discrete graphics processor unit (GPU) market.

Advanced Micro Devices Corporate history

That same year, it introduced a reverse-engineered clone of the Intel 8080 microprocessor

Advanced Micro Devices Corporate history

AMD decided to switch gears and concentrate solely on Intel-compatible microprocessors and flash memory, placing them in direct competition with Intel for x86-compatible processors and their flash memory secondary markets.

Advanced Micro Devices Corporate history

AMD announced the acquisition of ATI Technologies on July 24, 2006. AMD paid $4.3 billion in cash and 58 million shares of its stock, for a total of US$5.4 billion. The transaction completed on October 25, 2006. Since 2010, all of the company’s graphics processing products have been marketed under the AMD brand name.

Advanced Micro Devices Corporate history

It was reported in December 2006 that AMD, along with its main rival in the graphics industry Nvidia, received subpoenas from the Justice Department regarding possible antitrust violations in the graphics card industry, including the act of fixing prices.

Advanced Micro Devices Corporate history

In October 2008, AMD announced plans to spin off manufacturing operations in the form of a multibillion-dollar joint venture with Advanced Technology Investment Co., an investment company formed by the government of Abu Dhabi. The new venture is called GlobalFoundries Inc.. This partnership will allow AMD to focus solely on chip design. The spin off was accompanied by the loss of approximately 1000 jobs, or about 10% of AMD’s global workforce.

Advanced Micro Devices Corporate history

In August 2011, AMD announced that former Lenovo executive Rory Read would be joining the company as CEO, following Dirk Meyer.

Advanced Micro Devices Corporate history

To secure cost savings and support workforce revisions focused on the development of low-power computing hardware, AMD announced in November 2011 plans to lay off more than 10% (1400) of its employees from across all divisions worldwide. This action was to have completed by Q1 2012 with most exits before Christmas 2011. AMD announced in October 2012 plans to release an additional 15% of its workforce with an unspecified effective date to reduce costs in the face of declining sales revenue.

Advanced Micro Devices Corporate history

AMD acquired the low-power server manufacturer SeaMicro in early 2012 as part of a strategy to regain lost market share in the server chip market.

Advanced Micro Devices IBM PC and the x86 architecture

Subsequent legal disputes centered on whether AMD had legal rights to use derivatives of Intel’s microcode

Advanced Micro Devices IBM PC and the x86 architecture

In 1991, AMD released the Am386, its clone of the Intel 386 processor

Advanced Micro Devices K5, K6, Athlon, Duron, and Sempron

AMD’s first in-house x86 processor was the K5, which was launched in 1996

Advanced Micro Devices K5, K6, Athlon, Duron, and Sempron

In 1996, AMD purchased NexGen, specifically for the rights to their Nx series of x86-compatible processors. AMD gave the NexGen design team their own building, left them alone, and gave them time and money to rework the Nx686. The result was the K6 processor, introduced in 1997. Although the K6 was based on Socket 7, variants such as K6-3/450 were faster than Intel’s Pentium II (sixth generation processor).

Advanced Micro Devices K5, K6, Athlon, Duron, and Sempron

The K7 was AMD’s seventh-generation x86 processor, making its debut on June 23, 1999, under the brand name Athlon

Advanced Micro Devices K5, K6, Athlon, Duron, and Sempron

On October 9, 2001, the Athlon XP was released. On February 10, 2003, the Athlon XP with 512KB L2 Cache was released.

Advanced Micro Devices Athlon 64, Opteron and Phenom

The K8 was a major revision of the K7 architecture, with the most notable features being the addition of a 64-bit extension to the x86 instruction set (called x86-64, AMD64, or x64), the incorporation of an on-chip memory controller, and the implementation of an extremely high performance point-to-point interconnect called HyperTransport, as part of the Direct Connect Architecture

Advanced Micro Devices Athlon 64, Opteron and Phenom

Upcoming updates involved some of the improvements to the microarchitecture, and a shift of target market from mainstream desktop systems to value dual-core desktop systems

Advanced Micro Devices Athlon 64, Opteron and Phenom

After K8 came K10

Advanced Micro Devices Athlon 64, Opteron and Phenom

In January 2009, AMD released a new processor line dubbed Phenom II, a refresh of the original Phenom built using the 45 nm process

Advanced Micro Devices Athlon 64, Opteron and Phenom

In April 2010, AMD released a new Phenom II hexa-core (6-core) processor codenamed “Thuban”

Advanced Micro Devices Athlon 64, Opteron and Phenom

The Magny Cours and Lisbon server parts were released in 2010.[dated info] The Magny Cours part came in 8 to 12 cores and the Lisbon part came in 4 and 6 core parts

Advanced Micro Devices Fusion, Bobcat, Bulldozer, Vishera, and Hondo

After the merger between AMD and ATI, an initiative codenamed Fusion was announced that will merge a CPU and GPU on some of their mainstream chips, including a minimum 16 lane PCI Express link to accommodate external PCI Express peripherals, thereby eliminating the requirement of a northbridge chip completely from the motherboard

Advanced Micro Devices Fusion, Bobcat, Bulldozer, Vishera, and Hondo

Llano is to be the second APU released, targeted at the mainstream market

Advanced Micro Devices Fusion, Bobcat, Bulldozer, Vishera, and Hondo

Bulldozer is AMD’s CPU codename for the second latest server and desktop processors released on October 12, 2011. This family 15h microarchitecture is the successor to the family 10h (K10) microarchitecture M-SPACE design methodology.

Advanced Micro Devices Fusion, Bobcat, Bulldozer, Vishera, and Hondo

Bulldozer is designed from scratch, not a development of earlier processors. The core is specifically aimed at 10-125 watt TDP computing products. AMD claims dramatic performance-per-watt efficiency improvements in high-performance computing (HPC) applications with Bulldozer cores.

Advanced Micro Devices Fusion, Bobcat, Bulldozer, Vishera, and Hondo

Hondo is AMD’s latest processor series used in Tablet computers

Advanced Micro Devices Fusion, Bobcat, Bulldozer, Vishera, and Hondo

Jaguar is the latest x86 processor core from AMD aimed at low-power/low-cost market.

Advanced Micro Devices Fusion, Bobcat, Bulldozer, Vishera, and Hondo

Jaguar’s predecessor, Bobcat, was revealed during a speech from AMD executive vice-president Henri Richard in Computex 2007 and was put into production Q1 2011

Advanced Micro Devices ARM architecture-based chip

AMD intends to release ARM System on Chips (SoC) that will begin sampling in early 2014 and release later in the year. They will be for use in servers as a low-power alternative to current x86 chips. The ARM architecture is codenamed “Seattle” and will be 64 bit ARM processors, based on the Cortex A57 core design (ARM v8), and will contain 8 and 16 cores each. They will include the proprietary SeaMicro “Freedom Fabric”, as well as support for 128 GB RAM, and ten gigabit Ethernet.

Advanced Micro Devices Graphics products

AMD’s portfolio of dedicated graphics processors includes product families and associated technologies aimed at the consumer, professional and high-performance computing markets.

Advanced Micro Devices Graphics products

Radeon is AMD’s line of consumer 3D accelerator add-in cards. Mobility Radeon is a series of power-optimized versions of Radeon graphics chips for use in laptops. They introduced innovations such as modularized RAM chips, DVD (MPEG2) acceleration, notebook GPU card sockets, and power management technology. AMD recently announced DirectX 11.1-compatible versions of its mobile processors.

Advanced Micro Devices Graphics products

FirePro is AMD’s line of professional graphics processors for workstations. Based on the Radeon series, it succeeds the FireGL series of workstation CAD/CAM video cards, and the FireMV series for workstations with 2D acceleration.

Advanced Micro Devices Graphics products

FireStream is a stream processor designed to utilize the stream processing/GPGPU (General Purpose Graphics Processing Units) concept for heavy floating-point computations to target various industries, such as the High Performance Computing (HPC), scientific, and financial sectors. The AMD FireStream can also be used as a floating-point co-processor for offloading CPU calculations, which is part of the Torrenza initiative.

Advanced Micro Devices Graphics products

EyeFinity – Allows up to 6 monitors to be connected to one card to allow surround-screen panoramic view.

Advanced Micro Devices Graphics products

EyeSpeed – Allows to experience games with true-to-life actions-and reactions. Features such as physics effects, Artificial Intelligence (AI), and more.

Advanced Micro Devices Graphics products

AMD Catalyst is a collection of proprietary device drivers software available for most platforms, including Microsoft Windows, OS X, and Linux. Linux users can also opt to use open-source drivers, whose development is assisted by AMD. Hardware component companies which only provide proprietary drivers have always been urged by the free-software community to make their drivers free software, or at least provide the necessary documentation for the community to write their own drivers.

Advanced Micro Devices Graphics products

Since 2007, the AMD has partly cooperated with the development of free graphics drivers, but have not made their Catalyst drivers free

Advanced Micro Devices AMD chipsets

Before the launch of Athlon 64 processors in 2003, AMD designed chipsets for their processors spanning the K6 and K7 processor generations

Advanced Micro Devices AMD chipsets

The initiative went further with the release of Opteron server processors as AMD stopped the design of server chipsets in 2004 after releasing the AMD-8111 chipset, and again opened the server platform for firms to develop chipsets for Opteron processors. As of today, Nvidia and Broadcom are the sole designing firms of server chipsets for Opteron processors.

Advanced Micro Devices AMD chipsets

As the company completed the acquisition of ATI Technologies in 2006, the firm gained the ATI design team for chipsets which previously designed the Radeon Xpress 200 and the Radeon Xpress 3200 chipsets

Advanced Micro Devices AMD chipsets

On November 15, 2007, AMD announced a new chipset series portfolio, the AMD 7-Series chipsets, covering from enthusiast multi-graphics segment to value IGP segment, to replace the AMD 480/570/580 chipsets and AMD 690 series chipsets, marking AMD’s first enthusiast multi-graphics chipset

Advanced Micro Devices AMD chipsets

AMD returned to the server chipsets market with the AMD 800S series server chipsets. It includes support for up to six SATA 6.0 Gbit/s ports, the C6 power state, which is featured in Fusion processors and AHCI 1.2 with SATA FIS–based switching support. This is a chipset family supporting Phenom processors and Quad FX enthusiast platform (890FX), IGP(890GX).

Advanced Micro Devices AMD Live!

As of 2007, AMD LIVE! was a platform marketing initiative focusing the consumer electronics segment, with an Active TV initiative for streaming Internet videos from web video services such as YouTube, into AMD Live! PC as well as connected digital TVs, together with a scheme for an ecosystem of certified peripherals for the ease of customers to identify peripherals for AMD LIVE! systems for digital home experience, called “AMD LIVE! Ready”.

Advanced Micro Devices AMD Quad FX platform

The AMD Quad FX platform, being an extreme enthusiast platform, allows two processors to connect through HyperTransport, which is a similar setup to dual-processor (2P) servers, excluding the use of buffered memory/registered memory DIMM modules, and a server motherboard, the current setup includes two Athlon 64 FX-70 series processors and a special motherboard

Advanced Micro Devices Commercial platform

AMD’s first multi-processor server platform, codenamed Fiorano, consists of AMD SR5690 + SP5100 server chipsets, supporting 45 nm, codenamed Shanghai Socket F+ processors and registered DDR2 memory. It was followed by the Maranello platform supporting 45 nm, codenamed Istanbul, Socket G34 processors with DDR3 memory. On single-processor platform, the codenamed Catalunya platform consists of codenamed Suzuka 45 nm quad-core processor with AMD SR5580 + SP5100 chipset and DDR3 support.

Advanced Micro Devices Commercial platform

AMD’s x86 virtualization extension to the 64-bit x86 architecture is named AMD Virtualization, also known by the abbreviation AMD-V, and is sometimes referred to by the code name “Pacifica”

Advanced Micro Devices Commercial platform

AMD also promotes the “AMD I/O Virtualization Technology” (also known as IOMMU) for I/O virtualization. The AMD IOMMU specification has been updated to version 1.2. The specification describes the use of a HyperTransport architecture.

Advanced Micro Devices Commercial platform

AMD’s commercial initiatives include the following:

Advanced Micro Devices Commercial platform

AMD Trinity, provides support for virtualization, security and management. Key features include AMD-V technology, codenamed Presidio trusted computing platform technology, I/O Virtualization and Open Management Partition.

Advanced Micro Devices Commercial platform

AMD Raiden, future clients similar to the Jack PC to be connected through network to a blade server for central management, to reduce client form factor sizes with AMD Trinity features.

Advanced Micro Devices Commercial platform

Torrenza, coprocessors support through interconnects such as HyperTransport, and PCI Express (though more focus was at HyperTransport enabled coprocessors), also opening processor socket architecture to other manufacturers, Sun and IBM are among the supporting consortium, with rumoured POWER7 processors would be socket-compatible to future Opteron processors

Advanced Micro Devices Commercial platform

Various certified systems programs and platforms: AMD Commercial Stable Image Platform (CSIP), together with AMD Validated Server program, AMD True Server Solutions, AMD Thermally Tested Barebones Platforms and AMD Validated Server Program, providing certified systems for business from AMD.

Advanced Micro Devices Desktop platforms

Starting in 2007, AMD, following Intel, began using codenames for its desktop platforms such as Spider or Dragon. The platforms, unlike Intel’s approach, will refresh every year, putting focus on platform specialization. The platform includes components as AMD processors, chipsets, ATI graphics and other features, but continued to the open platform approach, and welcome components from other vendors such as VIA, SiS, and Nvidia, as well as wireless product vendors.

Advanced Micro Devices Desktop platforms

Updates to the platform includes the implementation of IOMMU I/O Virtualization with 45 nm generation of processors, and the AMD 800 chipset series in 2009.

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

In February 2002, AMD acquired Alchemy Semiconductor for its Alchemy line of MIPS processors for the hand-held and portable media player markets. On June 13, 2006, AMD officially announced that the line was to be transferred to Raza Microelectronics, Inc., a designer of MIPS processors for embedded applications.

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

In August 2003, AMD also purchased the Geode business which was originally the Cyrix MediaGX from National Semiconductor to augment its existing line of embedded x86 processor products

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

For the past couple of years AMD has been introducing 64-bit processors into its embedded product line starting with the AMD Opteron processor

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

The ATI acquisition included the Imageon and Xilleon product lines. In late 2008, the entire handheld division was sold off to Qualcomm, who have since produced the Adreno series. The Xilleon division was sold to Broadcom.

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

In April 2007, AMD announced the release of the M690T integrated graphics chipset for embedded designs

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

In 2008, AMD announced the Radeon E2400, the first discrete GPU in their embedded product line offering the same long term availability as their other embedded products. That was followed in 2009 with the higher performance Redeon E4690 discrete GPU.

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

In 2009, AMD announced their first BGA packaged e64 architecture processors, known as the ASB1 family.

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

In 2010, AMD announced a second generation BGA platform referred to as ASB2. They also announced several new AM3 based processors with support for DDR3 memory.

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

In January 2011, AMD Announced the AMD Embedded G-Series Accelerated Processing Unit. The first Fusion family APU for embedded applications. This announcement was followed by announcements for the high performance AMD Radeon E6760 and the value-conscious Radeon E6460 discrete GPUs. These solutions all added support for DirectX 11, OpenGL 4.1 and OpenCL 1.1.

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

In May 2012, AMD Announced the AMD Embedded R-Series Accelerated Processing Unit. This family of products incorporates the Bulldozer CPU architecture, and Discrete-class AMD Radeon™ HD 7000G Series graphics.

Advanced Micro Devices Embedded systems

AMD Embedded solutions offer 5+ year product life.

Advanced Micro Devices Other initiatives

50×15, digital inclusion, with targeted 50% of world population to be connected through Internet via affordable computers by the year of 2015.

Advanced Micro Devices Other initiatives

The Green Grid, founded by AMD together with other founders, such as IBM, Sun and Microsoft, to seek lower power consumption for grids.

Advanced Micro Devices Other initiatives

Codenamed SIMFIRE – interoperability testing tool for the Desktop and mobile Architecture for System Hardware (DASH) open architecture.

Advanced Micro Devices Software

AMD develops the AMD CodeXL tool suite which includes a GPU debugger, a GPU profiler, a CPU profiler and an OpenCL static kernel analyzer. CodeXL is freely available at AMD developer tools website.

Advanced Micro Devices Software

AMD has also taken an active part in developing coreboot, and open source projects aimed at replacing the proprietary BIOS firmware.

Advanced Micro Devices Software

Other AMD software includes the AMD Core Math Library, and open-source software including the AMD Performance Library, and the CodeAnalyst performance profiler.

Advanced Micro Devices Software

AMD contributes to open source projects, including working with Sun Microsystems to enhance OpenSolaris and Sun xVM on the AMD platform. AMD also maintains its own Open64 compiler distribution and contributes its changes back to the community.

Advanced Micro Devices Software

In 2008, AMD released the low-level programming specifications for its GPUs, and works with the X.Org Foundation to develop drivers for AMD graphics cards.

Advanced Micro Devices Software

Extensions for software parallelism (xSP), aimed at speeding up programs to enable multi-threaded and multi-core processing, announced in Technology Analyst Day 2007

Advanced Micro Devices Production and fabrication

Ever since the spin-off of AMD’s fabrication plants in early 2009, GlobalFoundries has been responsible for producing AMD’s processors.

Advanced Micro Devices Production and fabrication

Additionally, highly integrated microprocessors are manufactured in Taiwan made by third-party manufacturers under strict license from AMD

Advanced Micro Devices Partnerships

AMD utilizes strategic industry partnerships to further its business interests as well as to tackle Intel’s dominance and resources.

Advanced Micro Devices Partnerships

A partnership between AMD and Alpha Processor Inc. developed HyperTransport, a point-to-point interconnect standard which was turned over to an industry standards body for finalization. It is now used in modern motherboards that are compatible with AMD processors.

Advanced Micro Devices Partnerships

AMD also formed a strategic partnership with IBM, under which AMD gained silicon on insulator (SOI) manufacturing technology, and detailed advice on 90 nm implementation. AMD announced that the partnership would extend to 2011 for 32 nm and 22 nm fabrication-related technologies.

Advanced Micro Devices Partnerships

To facilitate processor distribution and sales, AMD is loosely partnered with end-user companies, such as HP, Compaq, ASUS, Acer, and Dell.

Advanced Micro Devices Partnerships

In 1993, AMD established a 50-50 partnership with Fujitsu called FASL, and merged into a new company called FASL LLC in 2003

Advanced Micro Devices Partnerships

On May 18, 2006, Dell announced that it would roll out new servers based on AMD’s Opteron chips by year’s end, thus ending an exclusive relationship with Intel. In September 2006, Dell began offering AMD Athlon X2 chips in their desktop line-up.

Advanced Micro Devices Partnerships

Since 2002, AMD has been a sponsor of the Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro F1 Team. Since 2004, AMD has been a sponsor of the Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team. In 2009, AMD became the jersey sponsor of the USL expansion team Austin Aztex FC.

Advanced Micro Devices Partnerships

In June 2011, HP announced new business and consumer notebooks equipped with the latest versions of AMD APUs – accelerated processing units. AMD will power HP’s Intel-based business notebooks as well.

Advanced Micro Devices Partnerships

In the spring of 2013, AMD announced that it would be powering all three major next-generation consoles. The Xbox One and Sony PlayStation 4 are both powered by a custom-built AMD APU, and the Nintendo Wii U is powered by an AMD GPU. According to AMD, having their processors in all three of these consoles will greatly assist developers with cross-platform development to competing consoles and PCs as well as increased support for their products across the board.

Advanced Micro Devices Litigation with Intel

In 1986 Intel broke an agreement it had with AMD to allow them to produce Intel’s micro-chips for IBM; AMD filed for arbitration in 1987 and the arbitrator decided in AMD’s favor in 1992. Intel disputed this, and the case ended up in the Supreme Court of California. In 1994, that court upheld the arbitrator’s decision and awarded damages for breach of contract.

Advanced Micro Devices Litigation with Intel

In 1990, Intel brought a copyright infringement action alleging illegal use of its 287 microcode. The case ended in 1994 with a jury finding for AMD and its right to use Intel’s microcode in its microprocessors through the 486 generation.

Advanced Micro Devices Litigation with Intel

In 1997, Intel filed suit against AMD and Cyrix Corp. for misuse of the term MMX. AMD and Intel settled, with AMD acknowledging MMX as a trademark owned by Intel, and with Intel granting AMD rights to market the AMD K6 MMX processor.

Advanced Micro Devices Litigation with Intel

In 2005, following an investigation, the Japan Federal Trade Commission found Intel guilty on a number of violations

Advanced Micro Devices Litigation with Intel

In November 2009, Intel agreed to pay AMD $1.25bn and renew a five-year patent cross-licensing agreement as part of a deal to settle all outstanding legal disputes between them.

Advanced Micro Devices Events and publications

Although AMD frequently refuses to provide information about upcoming products and plans, it does hold annual Analyst Days to reveal and explain key future technologies, and to present official technology roadmaps. The event held in mid-year is referred to as “Technology Analyst Day”, with its main focus on upcoming technologies and trends. The end-of-year event is referred to as “Financial Analyst Day” and focuses on the financial performance of the company through the previous year.

Advanced Micro Devices Events and publications

In addition to these events, AMD also publishes printed media

Advanced Micro Devices Guinness World Record Achievement

On August 31, 2011, in Austin, Texas, AMD achieved a Guinness World Record for the “Highest frequency of a computer processor”: 8.429 GHz. The company ran an 8-core FX-8150 processor with only one active module (two cores), and cooled with liquid helium. The previous record was 8.308 GHz, with an Intel Celeron 352 (one core).

Advanced Micro Devices Guinness World Record Achievement

On November 1, 2011, geek.com reported that Andre Yang, an overclocker from Taiwan, used an FX-8150 to set another record: 8.461 GHz.

Advanced Micro Devices Corporate social responsibility

In its 2012 report on progress relating to conflict minerals, the Enough Project rated AMD the fifth most progressive of 24 consumer electronics companies.

Advanced Micro Devices Notes

AMD: 30 Years of Pursuing the Leader

Advanced Micro Devices Notes

Cpu-collection.de AMD processor images and descriptions

Advanced Micro Devices Notes

Why AMD-MHz don’t equal Intel-MHz

Advanced Micro Devices Notes

A look at AMD’s manufacturing process technologies

Comparison of microblogging services General information

Service Owner Launched Primary service Software license Content license Multilingual Ad-free

Comparison of microblogging services General information

identi.ca Status Net, Inc. 2008-07 micro-blogging AGPL v3 (StatusNet) CC-BY 3.0 Yes Yes

Comparison of microblogging services General information

Tout Tout 2010-04 micro-blogging proprietary own TOS Yes Yes

Comparison of microblogging services Posting and reading

Communication methods supported by the services. Extras may be provided by third party applications/services, but are not listed here.

Comparison of microblogging services Posting and reading

Qaiku Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes

American Broadcasting Company Federated States of Micronesia

ABC is available on cable television in the Federated States of Micronesia, via the network’s Honolulu, Hawaii affiliate, KITV.

Application server Microsoft

Microsoft positions their middle-tier applications and services infrastructure in the Windows Server Operating System and the .NET Framework technologies in the role of an application server

GreenButton Alliance with Microsoft Azure

In 2011, GreenButton entered into an alliance agreement with Windows Azure. According to GreenButton, the deal formalizes the partnership between it and MS Azure, which will see GreenButton’s cloud enabling technology promoted worldwide through MS Azure. Talking about the deal, the Azure General Manager Doug Hauger claimed that the alliance between MS Azure and GreenButton is an example of the “democratization of IT”.

JavaScript Adoption by Microsoft

JavaScript very quickly gained widespread success as a client-side scripting language for web pages. Microsoft introduced JavaScript support in its own web browser, Internet Explorer, in version 3.0, released in August 1996.[not in citation given] Microsoft’s webserver, Internet Information Server, introduced support for server-side scripting in JavaScript with release 3.0 (1996). Microsoft started to promote webpage scripting using the umbrella term Dynamic HTML.

JavaScript Adoption by Microsoft

Microsoft’s JavaScript implementation was later renamed JScript to avoid trademark issues. JScript added new date methods to fix the Y2K-problematic methods in JavaScript, which were based on Java’s java.util.Date class.

Blackfin Microcontroller features

The architecture contains the usual CPU, memory, and I/O found on microprocessors or microcontrollers. These features of enable operating systems.

Blackfin Microcontroller features

Memory Protection Unit: All Blackfin processors contain a Memory Protection Unit(MPU)

Blackfin Microcontroller features

User/Supervisor Modes: Blackfin supports three run-time modes: supervisor, user and emulation

Blackfin Microcontroller features

Variable-Length, RISC-Like Instruction Set: Blackfin supports 16, 32 and 64-bit instructions. Commonly used control instructions are encoded as 16-bit opcodes while complex DSP and mathematically intensive functions are encoded as 32 and 64-bit opcodes. This variable length opcode encoding allows Blackfin to achieve good code density equivalent to modern microprocessor architectures.

American Customer Satisfaction Index Macroeconomic and microeconomic findings

One interesting set of findings discovered by academic researchers involve predictions of macroeconomic growth as functions of changes in aggregate customer satisfaction

American Customer Satisfaction Index Macroeconomic and microeconomic findings

Furthermore, Fornell and his collaborators have shown that ACSI data predicts stock market performance, both for market indices and for individually traded companies. In a 2006 paper published in the Journal of Marketing, Fornell and his coauthors argued that a hypothetical, back-tested portfolio of stocks chosen based on their performance in ACSI outperformed the New York Stock Exchange (the Dow), the NASDAQ and the S&P 500, a finding that has since been supported by other researchers.

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