Stakeholders and stakeholder analysis
Content
Definition of stakeholder and stakeholder analysis
Examples of stakeholders
How to categorize and evaluate stakeholders
Example of stakeholder analysis. A case study on post harvest losses
Learning objectives
After this lecture participants will be able to identify, categorize and evaluate key-, primary- and secondary stakeholders and carry out a stakeholder analysis
Stakeholder analysis
A stakeholder analysis is a technique to identify and assess the importance of key people, groups of people, or institutions that may significantly influence the success of an activity or project
What is a stakeholder?
A stakeholder is any individual, community, group, or organization with an interest in the outcome of a programme, or a project, either as a result of being affected by it positively or negatively, or by being able to influence the activity in a positive or negative way
Organizational stakeholders
Stakeholder analysis
Identification of all stakeholders involved
stakeholders which may be affected by the problem or the project are identified
Categorization of the stakeholders
all relevant stakeholders are categorized according to criteria relevant for the specific project (active, beneficiaries, affected, supporters, opponents)
Detailed analysis of selected stakeholders
more detailed analysis of selected stakeholders (characteristics, relations, interest, power)
Stakeholder analysis for post harvest losses
Categorization of stakeholders
Key stakeholder
Those who can significantly influence or are important to the success of an activity

Primary stakeholder
Those individuals and groups who are ultimately affected by an activity, either as beneficiaries (positively impacted) or those adversely impacted

Secondary stakeholder
All other individuals or institutions with a stake, interest or intermediary role in the activity
Post harvest losses

Characteristics of stakeholders
Importance / Influence of stakeholders
Importance / Influence Matrix
Importance / Influence matrix
Those included in Boxes A, B and D are the main stakeholders in the activity
They can significantly influence it or are the most important stakeholders if the activities/objectives are to be met
Stakeholders in box C are low priority but may need limited monitoring
Influence / Importance of stakeholders Post Harvest Losses
References
Department for international development (2002). Tools for development: A handbook for those engaged in development activity. Downloaded 1st March from: www.unssc.org/web1/ls/downloads/toolsfordevelopment%20dfid.pdf

European Commission (2004). Project Cycle Management Guidelines. Downloaded 1st March from: ec.europa.eu/europeaid/qsm/documents/pcm_manual_2004_en.pdf

Management Science for Health (1998). Stakeholder Analysis. Downloaded 25th of May 2007 from: erc.msh.org/quality/ittools/itstkan.cfm

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