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Smartphone

Alcatel Mobile Phones Smartphones

ONE TOUCH 997D (dual sim)

Baby monitor Smartphone as baby monitors

Smartphone apps, such as “Baby Monitor 3G” or “Baby Monitor & Alarm” allow a user to monitor a camera-equipped device, such as another smartphone or a tablet. An alternative is hardware monitors, such as the Withings or BabyPing monitors, that provide a Wi-Fi link from a camera to the dedicated app on a smartphone or tablet. This means a smart device doesn’t need to be left in the baby’s room. Such devices tend to be more feature rich and reliable.

BlackBerry 10 Prototype smartphones

In May 2012, the company released a prototype touch screen smartphone to BlackBerry developers as part of the BlackBerry 10 Jam Conference in Orlando, Florida. The Dev Alpha A’ device, which resembled a small BlackBerry PlayBook, ran an early version of the operating system and was provided as a means for developers to develop and test their applications on a physical device.

BlackBerry 10 Prototype smartphones

In September 2012, a second developer prototype was released in September 2012, known as the Dev Alpha B. It includes a faster processor and a number of internal improvements.

BlackBerry 10 Prototype smartphones

A third developer device, the Dev Alpha C, was announced on November 29, 2012, and is the first developer prototype to demonstrate the physical keyboard capabilities of BlackBerry 10

Image scanner Smartphone scanner apps

Cameras in smartphones have reached a resolution and that reasonable scans can be achieved by taking a photo with the phone and using a scanning app for post-processing (such as whitening the background of a page, correcting perspective distortion so that a document is output as a correct rectangle, conversion to black-and-white, etc.)

Image scanner Smartphone scanner apps

Most smartphone platforms now have a range of scanner apps available. These apps can typically scan multiple page documents through the use of multiple camera exposures, and output them to a PDF document or as separate JPEG images. Some smartphone scanning apps can also save documents directly to online storage locations, such as Dropbox and Evernote, send via email or fax documents via email-to-fax gateways.

Image scanner Smartphone scanner apps

Smartphone scanner apps can be broadly divided into three categories: 1) Document scanning apps (These are primarily designed to handle documents and output PDF files – although some can also output JPEG) 2) Photo scanning apps (These output JPEG files, and have editing functions useful for photo rather than document editing.) 3) QR scanning apps (These can use scanned QR images to automatically search the internet for related information.)

Smartphone

In recent years, the rapid development of Mobile App markets and of mobile commerce have been drivers of smartphone adoption.

Smartphone

The mobile Operating Systems (OS) used by modern smartphones include Google’s Android, Apple’s iOS, Nokia’s Symbian, Blackberry Ltd’s BlackBerry OS, Samsung’s Bada, Microsoft’s Windows Phone, Hewlett-Packard’s webOS, and embedded Linux distributions such as Maemo and MeeGo

Smartphone

Worldwide sales of smartphones exceeded those of feature phones in early 2013. As of July 18, 2013, 90 percent of global handset sales are attributed to the purchase of Android and iPhone smartphones.

Smartphone – Origin of the term

Devices that combined telephony and computing were conceptualized as early as 1973, and were offered for sale beginning in 1994. The term “smartphone”, however, did not appear until 1997, when Ericsson described its GS 88 “Penelope” concept as a Smart Phone.

Smartphone – Origin of the term

An additional complication is that the capabilities found in newer feature phones exceed those of older phones that had once been promoted as smartphones.

Smartphone – Origin of the term

Some manufacturers and providers use the term “superphone” for their high end phones with unusually large screens and other expensive features.

Smartphone – Origin of the term

With the advent of devices with larger screens, the term “phablet”, a portmanteau of the words phone and tablet, had come into common usage by 2008.

Smartphone – Early years

The Simon was the first device that can be properly referred to as a “smartphone”, even though that term was not yet coined

Smartphone – Early years

In 1996, Nokia released the Nokia 9000, part of the Nokia Communicator line, which became their best-selling phone of that time

Smartphone – Early years

In the late 1990s though, the vast majority of mobile phones had only basic phone features so many people also carried a separate dedicated PDA device, running early versions of Operating Systems such as Palm OS, BlackBerry OS or Windows CE/Pocket PC. These Operating Systems would later evolve into mobile Operating Systems and power some of the high-end smartphones.

Smartphone – Early years

In early 2001, Palm, Inc. introduced the Kyocera 6035. This device combined a PDA with a mobile phone and operated on the Verizon Wireless network. It also supported limited web browsing. The device was not adopted widely outside North America.

Smartphone – Early years

Between 2002 and 2004 HTC gained much popularity in Europe with their “Wallaby”, “Falcon” and “Himalaya” models running the Windows Mobile “Pocket PC” Operating System.

Smartphone – Early years

In 2004, HP released the iPaq h6315, a device that combined their previous PDA, the HP 2215 with cellular capability.

Smartphone – 2010 onward

In the wake of controversy regarding the sourcing of materials and smartphone manufacturing process, the Fairphone company launched its first “socially ethical” smartphone at the London Design Festival in 2013. The company places an emphasis on changing the manner in which supply chains and commercial strategies work, and the first shipment of Fairphone handsets will occur in December 2013.

Smartphone – 2010 onward

The QSAlpha commenced production of the Quasar IV—a smartphone designed entirely around security, encryption and identity protection—in partnership with a large consumer electronics OEMS manufacturer in late 2013. The handset uses specialized technology to safely protect all incoming and outgoing communications, and is targeted at customers who require incredibly high levels of security and encryption.

Smartphone – Android

Android is an open-source platform founded in October 2003 by Andy Rubin and backed by Google, along with major hardware and software developers (such as Intel, HTC, ARM, Motorola and Samsung, to name a few), that form the Open Handset Alliance

Smartphone – Android

In January 2010, Google launched the Nexus One smartphone using its Android OS. Android has multi-touch abilities, but Google initially removed that feature from the Nexus One, but it was added through a firmware update on February 2, 2010. By Q4 2010, Android became the best selling smartphone platform after massive gains throughout the year.

Smartphone – Android

On June 24, 2011, HTC Corporation released the HTC EVO 3D, a smartphone that can produce stereoscopic 3D effects and take 3D stereoscopic photos for viewing on its screen. Samsung Galaxy S III sales hit 18 million in the third quarter of 2012. On November 13, 2012 Google and LG released the Nexus 4 with Qualcomm’s Snapdragon S4 Pro processor.

Smartphone – iOS

It initially lacked the capability to install native applications, meaning some did not regard it as a smartphone

Smartphone – iOS

In July 2008, Apple introduced its second generation iPhone with a much lower list price and 3G support

Smartphone – iOS

In June 2010, Apple introduced iOS 4, which included APIs to allow third-party applications to multitask, and the iPhone 4, with an improved display and back-facing camera, a front-facing camera for videoconferencing, and other improvements. In early 2011 the iPhone 4 allowed customers to use the handset’s 3G connection as a wireless Wi-Fi hotspot.

Smartphone – iOS

The iPhone 4S was announced on October 4, 2011, improving upon the iPhone 4 with a dual core A5 processor, an 8-megapixel camera capable of recording 1080p video at 30 frames per second, World phone capability allowing it to work on both GSM & CDMA networks, and the Siri automated voice assistant

Smartphone – iOS

In an article published on September 19, 2013, the technology writer for the Quartz news website stated that the iPhone 5s “is easily the most powerful smartphone ever unveiled.”

Smartphone – iOS

Apple set a record for opening weekend sales of a handset with the release of its iPhone 5C and 5S smartphones in September 2013. China was included in the list of markets for the first time and this contributed to the sales results.

Smartphone – Windows Phone

On February 15, 2010, Microsoft unveiled its next-generation mobile OS, Windows Phone 7

Smartphone – Windows Phone

On October 29, 2012, Microsoft released Windows Phone 8, the next generation of the Operating System. Windows Phone 8 replaces its previously Windows CE-based architecture with one based on the Windows NT kernel with many components shared with Windows 8, allowing developers to easily port applications between the two platforms.

Smartphone – BlackBerry

There are 80 million active BlackBerry service subscribers (BIS/BES) and the 200 millionth BlackBerry smartphone was shipped in September 2012 (twice the number since June 2010)

Smartphone – Bada

The Bada operating system for smartphones was announced by Samsung on 10 November 2009. The first Bada-based phone was the Samsung Wave S8500, released on June 1, 2010, which sold one million handsets in its first 4 weeks on the market.

Smartphone – Bada

Samsung shipped 3.5 million phones running Bada in Q1 of 2011. This rose to 4.5 million phones in Q2 of 2011.

Smartphone – Symbian

Symbian is a mobile operating system designed for smartphones originally developed by Psion as EPOC32 and later passed to and managed by Symbian Ltd.. As of 2011 it was maintained by Accenture. It was the world’s most widely used smartphone operating system until Q4 2010. It has become obsolete since 2011 when Nokia, the last remaining OEM and by far Symbian’s most popular OEM, dropped the platform in favor of Windows Phone.

Smartphone – Symbian

The first Symbian phone, the touchscreen Ericsson R380 Smartphone, was released in 2000, and was the first device marketed as a “smartphone”. It combined a PDA with a mobile phone. Later in 2000, the Nokia 9210 communicator was released.

Smartphone – Symbian

In the next few years these features would become standard on high-end smartphones.

Smartphone – Symbian

In 2010, Nokia released the Nokia N8 smartphone with a stylus-free capacitive touchscreen, the first device to use the new Symbian^3 OS. Its 12-megapixel camera able to record HD video in 720p. It also featured a front-facing VGA camera for videoconferencing.

Smartphone – Symbian

Some estimates indicate that the number of mobile devices shipped with the Symbian OS up to the end of Q2 2010 is 385 million. Symbian was the number one smartphone platform by market share from 1996 until 2011 when it dropped to second place behind Google’s Android OS.

Smartphone – Symbian

On January 24, 2013, Nokia officially confirmed that 808 Pureview would be the last Symbian smartphone.

Smartphone – Symbian

The other major smartphone operating systems at the time like Windows Mobile, BlackBerry OS (in those days) and were solely focused on business-use

Smartphone – Symbian

On September 3, 2013, Microsoft Corporation announced that they will buy Nokia’s phone business and license its patents for 5.44 billion euros ($7.2 billion).

Smartphone – Palm OS

The last Palm OS smartphone was the Palm Centro.

Smartphone – Windows Mobile

Windows Mobile was based on the Windows CE kernel and first appeared as the Pocket PC 2000 Operating System

Smartphone – Windows Mobile

Most early touchscreen devices came with a stylus, which could be used to enter commands by tapping it on the screen

Smartphone – Windows Mobile

A key software feature of Windows Mobile was ActiveSync; a data synchronization technology and protocol developed by Microsoft, originally released in 1996. This allowed servers running Microsoft Exchange Server, or other third party variants (such a Google Mail), to act as a personal information manager and share information such as email, calendar appointments, contacts or internet favorites.

Smartphone – Windows Mobile

Despite being replaced by Windows Phone, Windows Mobile is still in use to this day in the enterprise market by supermarket chains and courier companies.

Smartphone – Open-source development

The open-source culture has penetrated the smartphone market in several ways. There have been attempts to create open source hardware and software for smartphones.

Smartphone – Open-source development

In February 2010, Nokia made Symbian open source. Thus, most commercial smartphones were based on open-source operating systems. These include those based on Linux, such as Google’s Android, Nokia’s Maemo, Hewlett-Packard’s webOS, and those based on BSD, such as the Darwin-based Apple iOS. Maemo was later merged with Intel’s project Moblin to form MeeGo.

Smartphone – Open-source development

On the 2nd of January, Canonical, best known for its Ubuntu desktop and Smart TV operating systems, announced a mobile version of its operating system, built for both smartphones and tablets. Its design is based on the desktop equivalent and features such as gesture-based navigation.

Smartphone – Display

Screens on smartphones vary largely in both display size and display resolution

Smartphone – Display

Common resolutions for smartphone screens vary from 240×320 (QVGA) pixels to 1080×1920 (Full HD), with flagship Android phones commonly sporting full HD, 1080p displays and the iPhone 5 at 640×1136. By late 2012 and early 2013, high-end handsets typically featured full HD 1080p screens.

Smartphone – Display

In early October 2013, the Samsung corporation disseminated a press release for its curved display technology with the Galaxy Round smartphone model. The press release described the product as the “world’s first commercialized full HD Super AMOLED flexible display.” The manufacturer explains that users can check information such as time and battery life when the home screen is off, and can receive information from the screen by tilting the device.

Smartphone – Display

Galaxy Nexus (316dpi)/Nexus 4 (320dpi) iPhone 4/4S/5 (326dpi) Lumia 920 (332dpi)

Smartphone – Display

xxhdpi (480dpi, Android 4.1 or later) 5-inch Full-HD (440ppi)

Smartphone – Audio

Low Latency (Realtime) OpenSL ES (old devices has bad latency even on OpenSL ES) Audio Unit ?

Smartphone – Audio

High Resolution (HiFi) native DAC Supported by some devices, such as LG G2, BBK Vivo X3 and Coolpad Magview 4.

Smartphone – Audio

Not supported by the official Java API, but some devices may support it by OpenMAX C API. not supported ?

Smartphone – Audio

USB-DAC Supported by devices with a USB-host feature,

Smartphone – Audio

or userland driver apps (such as USB Audio Recorder PRO) are required.

Smartphone – Audio

AOA (Android Open Accessory) Protocol 2.0 supports audio streaming over USB,

Smartphone – Audio

but it does not support HiFi audio.

Smartphone – Camera

Smartphone cameras are progressively improving: Higher pixel resolution and ISO speed sensor, lower F-number (bright and fast) lens, and better digital image processing for noise reduction.

Smartphone – Camera

pixel resolution device (pixel resolution, sensor size, 35 mm equiv. focal length, F-number)

Smartphone – Camera

40MP Nokia Lumia 1020 (41MP, 1/1.5”, 25mm, f/2.2), Nokia 808 Pureview (41MP, 1/1.2”, 26mm, f/2.4)

Smartphone – Radio and television

Some smartphones support FM radio, but noise-sensitive AM radio is usually not supported. In some regions, such as Japan and Korea, most smartphones support mobile digital broadcasts (1seg or T-DMB), while some smartphones support regular digital broadcasts.

Smartphone – Popular applications

According to a ComScore report released on May 12, 2011, nearly one in five smartphone users are tapping into check-in services like Foursquare and Gowalla. A total of 16.7 million mobile phone subscribers used location-based services on their phones in March 2011.

Smartphone – Popular applications

Research published by Forrester Research in mid-2013 revealed that in a survey of 13,000 iPhone users and 15,000 Android users in the U.S., weather apps were the most popular across both platforms, followed by social networking, navigation/mapping, and gaming apps. The results of the Forrester survey also showed that app usage is higher on iOS when compared to Android.

Smartphone – Popular applications

Some smartphones are equipped with a television-viewing function and a second screen app allows the user to engage in media multitasking.

Smartphone – Popular applications

Some applications allow the user to protect their privacy, such as preventing unwanted calls from telemarketers and “do not disturb” services. The demand for these apps has increased as a result of the National Do Not Call Registry.

Smartphone – Application stores

List of digital distribution platforms for mobile devices

Smartphone – Application stores

The introduction of Apple’s App Store for the iPhone and iPod Touch in July 2008 popularized manufacturer-hosted online distribution for third-party applications focused on a single platform. Before this, smartphone application distribution was largely dependent on third-party sources providing applications for multiple platforms, such as GetJar, Handango, Handmark, PocketGear, and others.

Smartphone – Application stores

The iPhone’s platform is officially restricted to installing apps through the App Store, through “B2B” deployment, and on an “Ad Hoc” basis on up to 100 iPhones. Through jailbreaking it can install apps from other sources. Other platforms may allow application distribution through additional sources outside of their manufacturer-provided app stores, such as third-party app stores and downloads from individual websites.

Smartphone – Application stores

MiKandi launched the first adult app market for smartphones in 2009

Smartphone – Application stores

The relatively high revenue of U.S

Smartphone – Smartphone usage

For the third quarter of 2011, the NPD Group reported that in the U.S., the proportion of handset sales that were made up of smartphones reached 59% for consumers aged 18 and over.

Smartphone – Smartphone usage

The European mobile device market, as measured by active subscribers of the top 50 networks, is 860 million. According to an Olswang report in early 2011, the rate of smartphone adoption is accelerating: as of March 2011, 22% of UK consumers used a smartphone, with this percentage rising to 31% amongst 24- to 35-year-olds.

Smartphone – Smartphone usage

In China, smartphones represented more than half (51%) of all handset shipments in the second quarter of 2012.

Smartphone – Smartphone usage

Samsung, second to Apple at 29%, makes both smartphones and basic feature phones, but does not report separate profit results for the two kinds of devices.

Smartphone – Smartphone usage

Until the end of November 2011, 27% of all photographs were taken with camera-equipped smartphones, a significant increase from 17% in 2010. For many people, smartphones have replaced Point-and-shoot cameras. A study conducted in September 2012 concluded that 4 out of 5 smartphone owners (85.9 million U.S. users) use the device to shop.

Smartphone – Smartphone usage

In the third quarter of 2012, one billion smartphones were in use worldwide. Global smartphone sales surpassed the sales figures for older-style phones in early 2013, while the three largest smartphone markets after the first quarter of 2013 are India, China, and the U.S.

Smartphone – By manufacturer

Smartphone Customer Satisfaction

Smartphone – By manufacturer

Starting with the launch of their Communicator model in 1996, until 2011 Nokia was dominant in the smartphone market, though the company has more recently been joined by other competitors in the market. Based on a report by Strategy Analytics, Samsung overtook Nokia in smartphone shipments with an estimated 27.8 million units shipped in Q3 2011 (Samsung does not publicly disclose the numbers of their smartphone shipments and sales).

Smartphone – By manufacturer

For the first time in Q2 2011, Apple surpassed Nokia worldwide by revenue and profit, with Apple’s profit share of the total worldwide smartphone market increasing to 66.3% while Nokia reported a loss.

Smartphone – By manufacturer

Between Q2 2010 and Q2 2011 Nokia’s worldwide Symbian smartphone sales dropped significantly from 38.1% to 15.2%, while Samsung smartphone sales increased significantly worldwide from 5% to 17.5%. As of Q1 2011, Nokia had already announced plans to switch to Windows Phone. Samsung smartphones use a diverse portfolio of operating systems, including their own Bada operating system along with Android and Windows Mobile.

Smartphone – By manufacturer

As a result, manufacturers of smartphones using licensed systems split the total market share of the corresponding OS between them, while the total share for a single-manufacturer OS is held by that manufacturer alone

Smartphone – By manufacturer

In the second quarter of 2013, after 15 years on the market, Samsung sold 71.5 million smartphones, or 31.7% market share, while 31.9 million iPhones were sold, or 14.2% of the market share. In August 2013, Credit Suisse reported that Samsung and Apple held a combined profit market share of more than 90%.

Smartphone – By manufacturer

Currently the vast majority of smartphones are manufactured in China, Taiwan and Mexico, for companies based in the U.S. (Apple, HP, Motorola), South Korea (LG, Samsung), Japan (Sony), Canada (RIM), Finland (Nokia) and Taiwan (HTC).

Smartphone – By manufacturer

Data released by StatCounter, a research group that tracks Internet usage by browser, platform and device, on September 9, 2013 showed that Samsung is more widely used than Apple’s handsets for mobile web browsing. For the month of August, Samsung worldwide accounted for 26.59% of mobile Internet use, compared to 23.39% for Apple.

Smartphone – By operating system

As of the end of Q1 2013, Android was the top operating system worldwide smartphone market, with a 75% market share, followed by iOS with 17.3%, and Windows Phone with 3.2%

Smartphone – Historical sales figures (in millions of units)

Year Android (Google) Blackberry (RIM) iOS (Apple) Linux (other than Android) Palm/WebOS (Palm/HP) Symbian (Nokia) Asha Full Touch (Nokia) Windows Mobile/Phone (Microsoft) Bada (Samsung) Other

Smartphone – Enterprise share by operating system

Windows Mobile and all other smartphone OSes also dropped in 2011 compared to 2010.

Smartphone – Customer loyalty by operating system

Customer loyalty gauges the likelihood that the user of a smartphone platform whose contract has expired or who has broken or lost their phone will repurchase another one on the same platform.

Smartphone – Malicious software attacks

As smartphone adoption increases, these devices become more appealing to attackers who try to infect them with malicious software (malware). Smartphone security literature suggests that smartphone malware can be written even by average developers.

Smartphone – Malicious software attacks

Smartphone malware is more easily distributed through application stores that have minimal or no security mechanisms, such as app kill switch (aka remote app removal), review process for their content, etc

Smartphone – Malicious software attacks

Typical smartphone malware leverages platform vulnerabilities that allow it to gain root access on the device in the background

Smartphone – Malicious software attacks

In August 2010, Kaspersky Lab reported detection of the first malicious program for smartphones running on Google’s Android Operating System, named Trojan-SMS.AndroidOS.FakePlayer.a, an SMS trojan that had already infected a number of devices using that OS

Smartphone – Malicious software attacks

While potential security flaws remain in iOS, as of at least August 2011 there were no known malware or spyware apps in Apple’s App Store, according to security firm Lookout. There are however commercial spyware applications available, outside the App Store, for jailbroken iOS devices. In June 2011 Symantec’s 23-page report “A Window Into Mobile Device Security” characterized (non-jailbroken) devices running iOS as having “full protection” against malware attacks.

Smartphone – Malicious software attacks

Symbian and older versions of Windows Mobile have had to contend with a degree of malware in the past, but as legacy systems it is believed that the people who previously targeted them have shifted their focus to Android. There were also a few Palm OS viruses.

Smartphone – Malicious software attacks

The only mobile platform other than Apple’s iOS without reports of malware so far is HP’s (formerly Palm’s) webOS, but this may be explained by its relatively low adoption rate.

Smartphone – Malicious software attacks

The best way to reduce a device’s vulnerability to malware attacks is to install the most recent Operating System version, including security patches

Smartphone – Mining for resources

The amount of pollution that results from the production of a smartphone until its is substantial. The environmental impact of these devices can be understood by observing its product life cycle. Obtaining the resources required to create such devices involves the mining of minerals such as coltan, which has shown to cause damaging effects on the wildlife and the population in the surrounding area (primarily in developing countries).

Smartphone – Mining for resources

Study results from the 21st century have also shown that toxic chemicals such as lead, bromine, chlorine, mercury, and cadmium are present in different models and brands of smartphones.

Smartphone – Mining for resources

The Friends of the Earth organisation and its Indonesian counterpart, Walhi, documented the situation and submitted an enquiry with all of the major smartphone brands in regard to the location of their tin resources

Smartphone – Mining for resources

The Dutch-based Fairphone company was established in 2010 as a socially ethical smartphone brand that is concerned with supply chains and commercial strategies. The first batch of Fairphone handsets will be shipped to European customers in December 2013.

Smartphone – Disposal

Another major issue associated with cell phones is the process by which they are disposed of after the end of their lifespan

Smartphone – Recycling initiatives

New programs and control measures are the focus of the future as countries strive to produce initiatives where consumers can properly dispose of their smartphone

Smartphone – Social factors and impact

For example, smartphones have proven to be useful tools for encouraging energy conservation by assisting crowd source building energy audits.

Smartphone – Patent licensing and litigation

A “patent war” between Samsung and Apple started when the latter claimed that the original Galaxy S Android phone copied the interface—and possibly the hardware—of Apple’s iOS for the iPhone 3GS. As of August 8, 2013, the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) is scheduled to announce its decision regarding an Apple-initiated case, whereby Samsung is accused of infringing four Apple patents related to user interfaces and headphone input functionality.

Smartphone – Patent licensing and litigation

A second separate case is before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and is an appeal from Apple in regard to a lower court decision that rejected a U.S. import ban to address Samsung’s infringement upon Apple patents. As part of the original decision, a jury awarded Apple more than US$1 billion in damages before the presiding judge reduced the award by about US$450 million. As of August 8, 2013, Apple is seeking the enactment of an import ban, as well as the awarded damages.

Smartphone – Thefts

According to the Federal Communications Commission, one out of three robberies involve the theft of a cellular phone. An online petition urging that smartphone makers install kill switches in their devices to make them unusable in case of theft is part of a joint effort by New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman and San Francisco District Attorney George Gascon called Secure our Smartphones.

Smartphone – Thefts

On Monday, June 10, 2013, Apple announced it would install a kill switch on its next iPhone operating system, due to debut in October 2013.

1080p – Smartphones

Smartphones with 1080p FullHD display are available on the market since 2013. There are different brands that offers this resolution on their flagship phones’ screens. Handset makers claim that FullHD displays, with their higher pixel density, will deliver sharper and clearer images on screen. However, the difference in visual acuity between a 720p and a 1080p screen is difficult to discern.

Nokia – Loss of Market Share in Smartphones

Despite the brilliant critical and commercial success of the Nokia E71, it was not enough to stop Nokia’s smartphone market slide

Nokia – Loss of Market Share in Smartphones

2009 was a successful year for Nokia’s business smartphone market – several key devices were launched such as the Nokia E52 which gained positive reception

Nokia – Loss of Market Share in Smartphones

Despite losing market share, the smartphone unit was profitable and smartphone sales increased in absolute numbers every quarter during the year 2010

MeeGo – Smartphone

MeeGo os v1.2 Harmattan use in Nokia N9 and N950.

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

When an application passes the various security barriers, it can take the actions for which it was designed

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

Some malware is aimed at exhausting the energy resources of the phone. Monitoring the energy consumption of the phone can be a way to detect certain malware applications.

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

Memory usage is inherent in any application. However, if one finds that a substantial proportion of memory is used by an application, it may be flagged as suspicious.

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

On a smartphone, many applications are bound to connect via the network, as part of their normal operation. However, an application using a lot of bandwidth can be strongly suspected of attempting to communicate a lot of information, and disseminate data to many other devices. This observation only allows a suspicion, because some legitimate applications can be very resource-intensive in terms of network communications, the best example being streaming video.

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

One can monitor the activity of various services of a smartphone. During certain moments, some services should not be active, and if one is detected, the application should be suspected. For example, the sending of an SMS when the user is filming video: this communication does not make sense and is suspicious; malware may attempt to send SMS while its activity is masked.

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

The various points mentioned above are only indications and do not provide certainty about the legitimacy of the activity of an application. However, these criteria can help target suspicious applications, especially if several criteria are combined.

Lenovo – Smartphones and tablets

Lenovo launched the LePhone in China in order to compete against other smart phones. These same phones are marketed as IdeaPhones outside of China. In early 2013, Lenovo’s CEO announced that the company would start selling mobile phones in the US by the end of the year.

Lenovo – Smartphones and tablets

As of January 2013, Lenovo only manufactures phones that use the Android operating system from Google. Numerous press reports indicated that Lenovo plans to release a phone based on Microsoft’s Windows 8. According to JD Howard, a vice president at Lenovo’s mobile division, the company will release a Windows-based phone if there is market demand. A Windows-based phone from Lenovo would be a potentially formidable competitor against Nokia’s Lumia line of smartphones.

Lenovo – Smartphones and tablets

Data from Analysys International shows that Lenovo experienced considerable growth in smartphone sales in China during 2012

Lenovo – Smartphones and tablets

According to IHS iSuppli, Lenovo was a top-three smartphone maker in China with a 16.5 percent market share in the first quarter of 2012. According to a May report released by IDC Lenovo ranks fourth in the global tablet market by volume. As of November 2012, Lenovo was the second largest seller of mobile phones in China when measured by volume.

Sports journalism – Sports media in smartphones

All of these different apps are a part of sports media in the form of using smartphones and apps

Sports journalism – Sports media in smartphones

Smartphones can not only be used just for scores, they can also help athletes become known and recruited. These days most everything is caught on camera, and that includes great plays made by athletes. Once a video is taken it will be spread through the Social Media sites in no time. The AT&T commercial in this link shows a great example of how smartphones can be used to shear sports events and information.

Stylus – Smartphones and computing

Modern day devices, such as touchscreen phones, can often be used with a stylus to accurately navigate through menus, send messages etc

Stylus – Smartphones and computing

Today, the term stylus often refers to an input tool usually used with PDAs, graphics tablets, Tablet PCs, and UMPCs. In this method, the user operates a touchscreen with a stylus, rather than using a finger, which avoids getting the natural oil from one’s hands on the screen. It also improves the precision of the touch input, allowing use of smaller user interface elements. Styli may be used for handwriting or drawing on the touch-sensitive surface (e.g. the Nintendo DS).

Stylus – Smartphones and computing

Styli are also found in use with commercial devices, particularly for electronically retrieving signatures.

Near field communication – Smartphone automation and NFC tags

These applications are perhaps the most practical current uses for NFC since it does not rely on a company or manufacturer but can be utilized immediately by anyone anywhere with an NFC-equipped smartphone and an NFC tag.

Huawei – Ascend smartphones and devices

30 million cell phones, of which 3.3 million units were smartphones, were shipped to markets such as Japan, the United States and Europe.

KT Corporation – Smartphone/Tablet Market

KT was the first operator in Korea to introduce the iPhone, into the Korean market in November 2009. Then, within just four months since the launch of iPhone 4 in September 2010, KT sold a sales of over 1 million iPhones. KT launched the iPad in November 2010.

USB – EU Smartphone Power Supply Standard

—EU Common External Power Supply standard for mobile smartphones—

USB – EU Smartphone Power Supply Standard

In June 2009, many of the world’s largest mobile phone manufacturers signed an EC-sponsored Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), agreeing to make most data-enabled mobile phones marketed in the European Union compatible with a common External Power Supply (EPS)

Massively multiplayer online role-playing game – Smartphone-based MMORPGs

Smartphones with their GPS capabilities (amongst others) enable Augmented Reality games such as Ingress.

Smartphones

In recent years, the rapid development of Mobile App markets and of mobile commerce have been drivers of smartphone adoption.

Smartphones

The mobile Operating Systems (OS) used by modern smartphones include Google’s Android (Operating System)|Android, Apple Inc.|Apple’s iOS, Symbian, Blackberry Ltd’s BlackBerry 10, Samsung’s Bada, Microsoft’s Windows Phone, Hewlett-Packard’s webOS, and embedded Linux distributions such as Maemo and MeeGo

Smartphones

The first Li-Fi smartphone prototype will be presented at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas from January 7th-10th in 2014. The phone uses SunPartner’s Wysips CONNECT, a technique that converts light waves into usable energy, making the phone capable of receiving and decoding signals without drawing on its battery., Digital Versus, Johann Breton, 20 December 2013

Smartphones – Origin of the term

The term smartphone, however, did not appear until 1997, when Ericsson described its GS 88 Penelope concept as a Smart Phone.U.S

Smartphones – Origin of the term

Some manufacturers and providers use the term superphone for their high end phones with unusually large screens and other expensive features. Mashable.com Techradar.com

Smartphones – Origin of the term

With the advent of devices with larger screens, the term phablet, a portmanteau of the words phone and tablet, had come into common usage by 2008.

Smartphones – Early years

The Simon was the first device that can be properly referred to as a smartphone, even though that term was not yet coined

Smartphones – Early years

In 1996, Nokia released the Nokia 9000, part of the Nokia Communicator line, which became their best-selling phone of that time

Smartphones – Early years

Between 2002 and 2004 HTC gained much popularity in Europe with their Wallaby, Falcon and Himalaya models running the Windows Mobile Pocket PC Operating System.

Smartphones – 2010 onward

In the wake of controversy regarding the sourcing of materials and smartphone manufacturing process, the Fairphone company launched its first socially ethical smartphone at the London Design Festival in 2013. The company places an emphasis on changing the manner in which supply chains and commercial strategies work, and the first shipment of Fairphone handsets will occur in December 2013.

Smartphones – 2010 onward

Foldable OLED smartphones could be as much as a decade away because of the cost of producing them. There is a relatively high failure rate when producing these screens. As little as a speck of dust can ruin a screen during production. Creating a battery that can be folded is another hurdle., The Sydney Morning Herald, Ian King, 16 December 2013

Smartphones – Android

Android (Operating System)|Android is an open source|open-source platform founded in October 2003 by Andy Rubin and backed by Google, along with major hardware and software developers (such as Intel, HTC Corporation|HTC, ARM Holdings|ARM, Motorola and Samsung, to name a few), that form the Open Handset Alliance

Smartphones – iOS

It initially lacked the capability to install native applications, meaning some did not regard it as a smartphone

Smartphones – iOS

In July 2008, Apple introduced its second generation iPhone 3G|iPhone with a much lower list price and 3G support

Smartphones – iOS

The iPhone 4S was announced on October 4, 2011, improving upon the iPhone 4 with a dual core Apple A5|A5 processor, an 8-megapixel camera capable of recording 1080p video at 30 frames per second, World phone capability allowing it to work on both GSM CDMA networks, and the Siri (software)|Siri automated voice assistant

Smartphones – Windows Phone

On February 15, 2010, Microsoft unveiled its next-generation mobile OS, Windows Phone 7

Smartphones – Windows Phone

On October 29, 2012, Microsoft released ‘Windows Phone 8’, the next generation of the Operating System. Windows Phone 8 replaces its previously Windows CE-based architecture with one based on the Windows NT kernel with many components shared with Windows 8, allowing developers to easily port applications between the two platforms.

Smartphones – BlackBerry

There are 80 million active BlackBerry service subscribers (BIS/BES) and the 200 millionth BlackBerry smartphone was shipped in September 2012 (twice the number since June 2010)

Smartphones – Symbian

The first Symbian phone, the touchscreen Ericsson R380|Ericsson R380 Smartphone, was released in 2000, and was the first device marketed as a smartphone. It combined a PDA with a mobile phone. Later in 2000, the Nokia 9210 communicator was released.

Smartphones – Symbian

In the next few years these features would become standard on high-end smartphones.

Smartphones – Symbian

In 2010, Nokia released the Nokia N8 smartphone with a stylus (computing)|stylus-free capacitive touchscreen, the first device to use the new Symbian^3 OS. Its 12-megapixel camera able to record high-definition video|HD video in 720p. It also featured a front-facing VGA camera for videoconferencing.

Smartphones – Symbian

Some estimates indicate that the number of mobile devices shipped with the Symbian OS up to the end of Q2 2010 is 385 million.. VisionMobile (2010-10-18). Retrieved on 2011-09-25. Symbian was the number one smartphone platform by market share from 1996 until 2011 when it dropped to second place behind Google’s Android (Operating System)|Android OS.

Smartphones – Symbian

The other major smartphone Operating Systems at the time like Windows Mobile, BlackBerry OS (in those days) and Palm OS were solely focused on business-use

Smartphones – Symbian

On September 3, 2013, Microsoft Corporation announced that they will buy Nokia’s phone business and license its patents for 5.44 billion euros ($7.2 billion).

Smartphones – Palm OS

The last Palm OS smartphone was the Palm Centro.

Smartphones – Palm OS

After buying Palm, Inc, in 2011 Hewlett-Packard (HP) finally discontinue its smartphones and tablets production using webOS which is initial developed by Palm, Inc, but HP possible to license the OS to other parties.

Smartphones – Open-source development

The open source|open-source culture has penetrated the smartphone market in several ways. There have been attempts to create open source hardware and software for smartphones.

Smartphones – Open-source development

In February 2010, Nokia made Symbian open source. Thus, most commercial smartphones were based on open-source Operating Systems. These include those based on Linux, such as Google’s Android (Operating System)|Android, Nokia’s Maemo, Hewlett-Packard’s webOS, and those based on Berkeley Software Distribution|BSD, such as the Darwin (Operating System)|Darwin-based Apple iOS. Maemo was later merged with Intel’s project Moblin to form MeeGo.

Smartphones – Open-source development

On the 2nd of January, Canonical, best known for its Ubuntu Desktop|Ubuntu desktop and Smart TV Operating Systems, announced Ubuntu Touch|a mobile version of its Operating System, built for both smartphones and tablets. Its design is based on the desktop equivalent and features such as gesture-based navigation.

Smartphones – Display

Screens on smartphones vary largely in both Two-dimensional display size|display size and display resolution

Smartphones – Display

List of displays by pixel density|Common resolutions for smartphone screens vary from 240×320 (QVGA) pixels to 1080×1920 (Full HD), with Comparison of Android devices|flagship Android phones commonly sporting full HD, 1080p displays and the iPhone 5 at 640×1136. By late 2012 and early 2013, high-end handsets typically featured full HD 1080p screens.

Smartphones – Display

Over time, the pixel density of smartphone screens is getting higher, with Apple branding its high-density display technology as Retina Display|Retina. High-density display is beneficial for small, complex characters (especially East Asian languages|East Asian text) and sharp edges (especially line arts and aliased fonts).

Smartphones – Display

In early October 2013, the Samsung corporation disseminated a press release for its curved display technology with the Galaxy Round smartphone model. The press release described the product as the world’s first commercialized full HD Super AMOLED flexible display. The manufacturer explains that users can check information such as time and battery life when the home screen is off, and can receive information from the screen by tilting the device.

Smartphones – Camera and Video

Smartphone cameras are progressively improving: Higher Pixel count|pixel resolution and Film speed|ISO speed sensor, lower F-number (bright and fast) lens, and better digital image processing for noise reduction.

Smartphones – Camera and Video

There are no significant different of DxoMark Mobile Overall Score among the Best-10 of High-end Smartphone. Nokia Lumia 925 has only 8.7 MP, but only got 4 points behind of Nokia 808 PureView with 40MP and Nokia Lumia 925 coming third in video capture. Lower pixel count is not directly significant of lower image quality.

Smartphones – Application stores

Before this, smartphone application distribution was largely dependent on List of digital distribution platforms for mobile devices#Third-party platforms|third-party sources providing applications for multiple platforms, such as GetJar, Handango, Handmark, PocketGear, and others.

Smartphones – Application stores

The iPhone’s platform is officially restricted to installing apps through the App Store, through Business-to-business|B2B deployment, and on an Ad Hoc basis on up to 100 iPhones. Through iOS jailbreaking|jailbreaking it can install apps from other sources. Other platforms may allow application distribution through additional sources outside of their manufacturer-provided app stores, such as third-party app stores and downloads from individual websites.

Smartphones – Application stores

MiKandi launched the first adult app market for smartphones in 2009

Smartphones – Application stores

The relatively high revenue of U.S

Smartphones – By manufacturer

As a result, manufacturers of smartphones using licensed systems split the total market share of the corresponding OS between them, while the total share for a single-manufacturer OS is held by that manufacturer alone

Smartphones – Enterprise share by operating system

Windows Mobile and all other smartphone OSes also dropped in 2011 compared to 2010.

Smartphones – Malicious software attacks

As smartphone adoption increases, these devices become more appealing to attackers who try to infect them with Malware|malicious software (malware). Smartphone security literature suggests that smartphone malware can be written even by average developers.

Smartphones – Malicious software attacks

Smartphone malware is more easily distributed through application stores that have minimal or no security mechanisms, such as app kill switch (aka remote app removal), review process for their content, etc.

Smartphones – Malicious software attacks

Typical smartphone malware leverages platform vulnerabilities that allow it to Rootkit|gain root access on the device in the background

Smartphones – Malicious software attacks

In August 2010, Kaspersky|Kaspersky Lab reported detection of the first malicious program for smartphones running on Google’s Android (Operating System)|Android Operating System, named Trojan-SMS.AndroidOS.FakePlayer.a, an SMS trojan that had already infected a number of devices using that OS

Smartphones – Malicious software attacks

The best way to reduce a device’s Vulnerability (computing)|vulnerability to malware attacks is to install the most recent Operating System version, including Patch (computing)|security patches

Smartphones – Mining for resources

The amount of pollution that results from the production of a smartphone until its disposal is substantial

Smartphones – Mining for resources

Study results from the 21st century have also shown that toxic chemicals such as lead, bromine, chlorine, Mercury (element)|mercury, and cadmium are present in different models and brands of smartphones.’Mobile phones a pollution risk’2007, New Scientist, 194, 2600, p

Smartphones – Disposal

Another major issue associated with cell phones is the process by which they are disposed of after the end of their lifespan

Smartphones – Recycling initiatives

New programs and control measures are the focus of the future as countries strive to produce initiatives where consumers can properly dispose of their smartphone

Smartphones – Social impact

For example, smartphones have proven to be useful tools for encouraging energy conservation by assisting crowd source building energy audits.Patrick Leslie, Joshua Pearce, Rob Harrap, Sylvie Daniel, “”, International Journal of Sustainable Energy ’31′(5), pp

Smartphones – Patent licensing and litigation

A patent war between Samsung and Apple started when the latter claimed that the original Samsung Galaxy S|Galaxy S Android phone copied the interface—and possibly the hardware—of Apple’s iOS for the iPhone 3GS. As of August 8, 2013, the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) is scheduled to announce its decision regarding an Apple-initiated case, whereby Samsung is accused of infringing four Apple patents related to user interfaces and headphone input functionality.

Smartphones – Thefts

According to the Federal Communications Commission, one out of three robberies involve the theft of a cellular phone. An online petition urging that smartphone makers install kill switches in their devices to make them unusable in case of theft is part of a joint effort by New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman and San Francisco District Attorney George Gascon called Secure our Smartphones.

MHealth – Smartphones

Although far from ubiquitous, the spread of Smartphone technologies opens up doors for mHealth projects such as technology-based diagnosis support, remote diagnostics and telemedicine, web browsing, GPS navigation, access to web-based patient information, post-visit patient surveillance, and decentralized health management information systems (HMIS).

MHealth – Smartphones

The infrastructure that enables web browsing, GPS navigation, and email through Smartphones is not as well developed in much of the low- and middle-income countries.Mechael, P

Archos – Smartphones

Archos have announced they are releasing 3 smartphone. The First smartphone is the Carbon 35, it has a 3.5 inch screen, 512mb of RAM. Then there is the Archos Platinum 50 and 53. The platinum 50 will have a 5 inch screen and 1gb of ram where as the 53 will be even bigger with 5.3 inch screen. The cheapest is the Carbon 35 which will be £79.99, then the Platinum 50 will be £179.99 and the Platinum 53 will be £199.99. They will be released in late may.

HTC Evo 4G – Smartphone connectivity

The EVO features a CDMA cellular radio that supports 3G EVDO, Revisions 0, A, and the yet-undeployed B allowing faster download and upload speeds, greater power efficiency; and WiMAX, a protocol known as 802.16e, which features speeds of up to 10 Mbit/s on the downlink and 1.5 Mbit/s on the uplink. The device is marketed as a 4G phone, WiMAX is considered to be a 4G technology based on 4G standards recently set by ITU-R.

HTC Evo Shift 4G – Smartphone connectivity

The EVO Shift features a CDMA cellular radio that supports 3G EVDO, revisions 0, A, and the as yet undeployed B allowing faster download and upload speeds, and better power efficiency. As well as WiMAX, protocol known as 802.16e, which features speeds of up to 10Mbit/s on the downlink, and 1Mbit/s on the uplink. The device is marketed as a 4G phone, WiMAX is considered to be a 4G technology based on 4G standards set by ITU-R.

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch 300|300 (discontinued)

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch 501|501 (discontinued)

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* 803, a QWERTY feature phone (discontinued)

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* 808, a QWERTY phone aimed at the female audience. (discontinued)

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* 813, a touchscreen QWERTY phone. (discontinued)

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* 908s, a fully touchscreen Android (Operating System)|Android smartphone previously available in Canada (Wind Mobile and Videotron), Russia, Georgia and Ukraine.

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* 916, Android 2.6-inch touchscreen, QWERTY keyboard phone with 3.2-megapixel camera. (discontinued)

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch 980|980, a discontinued Android smartphone resembling the Palm Pre, known as Alcatel Tribe by Wind Mobile in Canada

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch 990|990, a fully touchscreen phone with Android 2.2.2 Froyo, with 5.0-megapixel camera with autofocus. smartphone currently available from countries: US, Canada (Wind Mobile and Videotron), Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, France, Hungary, Serbia, and Spain. (discontinued)

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* 995 (alias TCL A998), an Android version history#Android 4.0.3–4.0.4 Ice Cream Sandwich (API level 15)|Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich phone with Multi Touch and a 1.4GHz Qualcomm Snapdragon processor (MSM8255T). Supports HDMI out and DLNA, 5-megapixel camera with autofocus and LED flashlight. Featuring SPB Shell 3D as default launcher.

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch 997|997 features a 4.3? TFT-LCD display with 480×800 pixels, the MediaTek MT6577 1 GHz dual core CPU, 1 GB of RAM and Android 4.0. The 997D is a dual SIM version.

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch 986|986 (alias TCL S900) was announced in May 2012. It’s said to feature a 4.5? IPS display with 1280×720 pixels, the TI OMAP4460 dual core CPU and 1 GB of RAM.

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch M’Pop|M’Pop features Android 4.1, a 4.0-inch WVGA display, 1 GHz CPU, 512 MB RAM, dual sim

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch Star|Star features Android 4.1, a 4.0-inch WVGA display, 1 GHz dual core CPU (MediaTek MT6577), 512 MB RAM, dual sim and a 5-megapixel camera.

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch Idol|Idol features Android 4.1, a 4.7-inch qHD IPS display, 1 GHz dual core CPU (MediaTek MT6577), 1 GB RAM, dual sim and an 8-megapixel camera.

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch Idol Ultra|Idol Ultra features Android 4.1, a 4.65-inch HD IPS display (720×1280 pixel), 1.2 GHz dual core CPU (MediaTek MT6577+), 1 GB RAM, dual sim and an 8-megapixel camera.

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

* Alcatel One Touch Scribe HD|Scribe HD, a phablet featuring Android 4.1, a 5.0-inch HD IPS display (720×1280 pixel), 1.2 GHz quad core CPU (MediaTek MT6589), 1 GB RAM, dual sim and an 8-megapixel camera with video recording in 1080p30.

Alcatel One Touch – Smartphones

*Alcatel One Touch Idol X|Idol X

Hacking of consumer electronics – Smartphone operating systems

* Symbian OS (executing unsigned code)

Feature phone – Difference between smartphone and feature phone

Because technology changes rapidly, what was a smartphone ten years ago may be considered only a feature phone today

Feature phone – Difference between smartphone and feature phone

Back in 2009, a significant difference between smartphones and feature phones is that the advanced application programming interfaces (APIs) on smartphones for running third-party applications can allow those applications to have better integration with the phone’s OS and hardware than is typical with feature phones

Feature phone – Difference between smartphone and feature phone

The only advanced smartphone OS that has never appeared on a feature phone so far is Apple Inc.|Apple iOS, as all of the company’s handset releases using iOS (the iPhone) have always commanded smartphone (premium) pricing, and as Apple has not licensed iOS out to other handset manufacturers.

Feature phone – Difference between smartphone and feature phone

By contrast, the iPhone 4 8GB which debuted in mid-2010 is still sold as a smartphone by Rogers as of December 2012 (which reflects Apple Inc.|Apple’s success in keeping the price of its phones constant).

Watch phone – Interfacing with smartphones

Although most of the smartwatch models manufactured in the 21st century are completely functional as standalone products, many manufacturers recommend that consumers purchase mobile phone handsets that run the same Operating System so that the two devices can be synchronized for additional and enhanced functionality. The watch can work as an extension or remote control of the phone and alert the user to communication data such as calls, SMS messages, emails, and calendar invites.

Facebook Places – Smartphone integration

Many new smartphones offer access to the Facebook services either through their web browsers or applications

Facebook Places – Smartphone integration

Microsoft developed an application for Facebook on their Windows Phone 7 platform, available in the Windows Phone Marketplace

Facebook Places – Smartphone integration

Google’s Android (Operating System)|Android 2.0 OS automatically includes an official Facebook app

Facebook Places – Smartphone integration

Status updates (also called as a status) allows users to post messages for their friends to read

Facebook Places – Smartphone integration

The is updates were followed by the What are you doing right now? status update question; in March 2009, the question was changed to What’s on your mind? In 2009, Facebook added the feature to tag certain friends (or groups, etc.) within one’s status update by adding an @ character before their name, turning the friend’s name into a link to their profile and including the message on the friend’s wall

Opera (web browser) – Smartphones and PDAs

Opera Mobile is an edition of Opera designed for smartphones and personal digital assistants (PDAs). The first version of Opera Mobile was released in 2000 for the Psion Series 7 and Psion Netbook|NetBook, with a port to the Windows Mobile platform coming in 2004. Today, Opera Mobile is available for a variety of devices that run Android, the Windows Mobile, S60 platform, or UIQ operating systems.

Opera (web browser) – Smartphones and PDAs

Users may also try Opera Mobile free. Devices that use the UIQ3 operating system, such as the Sony Ericsson P990 and Motorola RIZR Z8, come pre-installed with Opera Mobile, the former price of Opera Mobile being included in the price of the phone.

Opera (web browser) – Smartphones and PDAs

One of Opera Mobile’s major features is the ability to dynamically reformat web pages to better fit the handheld’s display using small screen rendering technology. Alternatively, the user may use page zooming for a closer or broader look. However, like previous versions of Opera for personal computers, Opera Mobile’s user interface has come under fire for being difficult to use or customize.

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

: Some malware is aimed at exhausting the energy resources of the phone. Monitoring the energy consumption of the phone can be a way to detect certain malware applications.

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

: Memory usage is inherent in any application. However, if one finds that a substantial proportion of memory is used by an application, it may be flagged as suspicious.

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

: On a smartphone, many applications are bound to connect via the network, as part of their normal operation. However, an application using a lot of bandwidth can be strongly suspected of attempting to communicate a lot of information, and disseminate data to many other devices. This observation only allows a suspicion, because some legitimate applications can be very resource-intensive in terms of network communications, the best example being streaming video.

Mobile security – Resource Monitoring in the smartphone

: One can monitor the activity of various services of a smartphone. During certain moments, some services should not be active, and if one is detected, the application should be suspected. For example, the sending of an SMS when the user is filming video: this communication does not make sense and is suspicious; malware may attempt to send SMS while its activity is masked.

Facebook Places – Smartphone integration

Microsoft developed an application for Facebook on their Windows Phone 7 platform, available in the Windows Phone Marketplace

List of low-radiation smartphones

‘Specific absorption rate’ (SAR) is a measure of the rate at which energy is Absorption (electromagnetic radiation)|absorbed by the human body when exposed to a radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic field; although, it can also refer to absorption of other forms of energy by tissue, including ultrasound

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Behold II

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Infuse 4G (TouchWiz 3.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Droid Charge (TouchWiz 4.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Chat (TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Mini 2 (TouchWiz 4.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Captivate Glide (TouchWiz 4.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Exhibit II 4G (TouchWiz 4.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Y (TouchWiz 3.0, Upgradable to Touchwiz 4.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Ace (TouchWiz 3.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Ace Plus (TouchWiz 4.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Ace 2 (TouchWiz 4.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Ace 3 (TouchWiz Nature UX 2.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX 2.5)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Express (TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Grand (TouchWiz Nature UX, Upgradable to Nature UX 2.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Premier (TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Proclaim (TouchWiz 3.0 Lite)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Pocket (TouchWiz 3.0 Lite)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Young (TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Fame (TouchWiz Nature UX, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX 2.5)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S (TouchWiz 3.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz 4.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S Blaze 4G (TouchWiz 4.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S Duos S7562|Samsung Galaxy S Duos (TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy SL I9003 (TouchWiz 3.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz 4.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S Plus (TouchWiz 3.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz 4.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S Advance (TouchWiz 4.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX 2.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S II (TouchWiz 4.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S II#ATT’s Galaxy S II: Skyrocket|S II Skyrocket (TouchWiz 4.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S II Plus (TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S III/Samsung Galaxy S III Mini|S III Mini (TouchWiz Nature UX, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX 2.5)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy S4/Samsung Galaxy S4 Active|S4 Active/Samsung Galaxy S4 Mini|S4 Mini/S4 Zoom/S4 LTE-A (TouchWiz Nature UX 2.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX 2.5)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Star (TouchWiz Nature UX)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Win (TouchWiz Nature UX 2.0)

TouchWiz – Smartphones

*Samsung Galaxy Core (TouchWiz Nature UX 2.0, Upgradable to TouchWiz Nature UX 2.0)

Samsung Ativ – Smartphones

*Samsung Ativ Odyssey

Lenovo smartphones – Marketing and sales growth

www.tomshardware.com/news/Lenovo-Smartphones-Manufacturer-Samsung-China,20231.html

Lenovo smartphones – Marketing and sales growth

Yang Yuanqing said that Lenovo’s strategy for Lenovo devices dictates an emphasis on its home market of China and emerging markets such as Russia, Indonesia, India, and the Middle East

Lenovo smartphones – Marketing and sales growth

According to IHS iSuppli, Lenovo was a top-three smartphone maker in China with a 16.5 percent market share in the first quarter of 2012

Lenovo smartphones – Marketing and sales growth

Lenovo says it is investigating the rest of Africa and that Egypt will be its next target for expansion.[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-05-09/lenovo-will-debut-first-africa-smartphone-in-nigeria-by-year-end.html]

Lenovo smartphones – Marketing and sales growth

Yang Yuanqing said that Lenovo decided to accelerate its expansion after success in Indonesia where Lenovo achieved 13-percent market share in one year while achieving higher profit margins than it earns in China.[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-11-07/lenovo-profit-surges-36-on-pc-smartphone-market-share.html]

Lenovo smartphones – Branding

The Le series of devices, including the LePhone, LePad, and the LeTV are sold under the idea brand outside of China. The LePhone is thus known as the ideaphone in other markets. The Le pre-fix means happy in Mandarin Chinese and this branding is only used in Mainland China.

Lenovo smartphones – Branding

Lenovo signed an endorsement deal with Kobe Bryant in early 2013. Since then Bryant has made numerous appearances on behalf of Lenovo to promote its smartphones. Lenovo says Bryant was selected in order to further internationalize its brand while appealing to young consumers. Lenovo says that this is its main smartphone marketing campaign of the year in Asia.

Lenovo smartphones – Mergers and acquisitions

Lenovo sold its mobile phone division in 2008 to focus on its personal computer business and then paid $200 million to buy it back in November 2009. Lenovo re-acquired its mobile division to focus on mobile internet devices such as smart-phones and tablet computers.

Lenovo smartphones – Operations

In May 2012 Lenovo announced an investment of US$793 million in the construction of a mobile phone manufacturing and RD facility in Wuhan, China.

Lenovo smartphones – Hardware and software

A Windows-based phone from Lenovo would be a potentially formidable competitor against Nokia’s Lumia line of smartphones.www.mobilenapps.com/articles/6343/20130111/lenovo-windows-phone-8-plans-full-force-first-device-out.htm

Lenovo smartphones – Hardware and software

Lenovo invested 100 million yuan in a fund dedicated to providing seed funding for Mobile Application development for its LeGarden online Digital distribution platform|app store available for Chinese users. As of 2010, LeGarden had more than 1,000 programs available for download to users of the LePhone. At the same time, LeGarden counted 2,774 individual developers and 542 developer companies as members.

Lenovo smartphones – Hardware and software

Lenovo uses MediaTek| MediaTek’s turnkey chipsets that allow mobile phone manufacturers to focus on improved industrial design and software while reducing costs. As of November 2013, Lenovo has released four phones using MediaTek chipsets. Lenovo also has what it calls a strong relationship with Intel and Qualcomm.[http://www.engadget.com/2013/11/13/lenovo-jd-howard-interview/]

Lenovo smartphones – Hardware and software

Lenovo smartphones support the GSM standard, China’s indigenous TD-SCDMA 3G standard used by China Mobile, the WCDMA 3G standard used by China Unicom, and China Telecom’s CDMA 2000 network.???????????????????????????2009???, p. 48.androidos.in/2010/05/why-lenovo-lephone-can-be-a-hit-in-china/http://www.iphoneinchina.com/2009/07/china-unicom-confirmed-for-china/

Lenovo smartphones – K800

Lenovo unveiled the K800 smart phone at the 2012 Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. The K800 uses an Intel Atom Z2460 processor which makes use of hyper-threading technology to increase its computing power. The K800 has a 4.5-inch display with 720p resolution. The K800’s camera has 8-megapixel resolution. The demo model shown at CES in 2012 was running the Gingerbread version of Android.

Lenovo smartphones – K900

The K900 is a high-end smartphone with a 1080p 5.5-inch screen using IPS technology

Lenovo smartphones – K900

The K900’s camera is one of its distinctive features. It captures pictures with a resolution of 13 megapixels and has a large aperture f1.8 lens. The K900’s lens allows it to take clear photos in low-light conditions without using a flash. The K900 was the first smartphone to use a f1.8 lens. The front-camera has a wide 88-degree viewing angle in order to make self-photos and video chat more convenient.

Lenovo smartphones – K900

The K900 was designed specifically with emerging markets in Asia in mind. As of May 2013, Lenovo sells the K900 in China, India, Indonesia, Russia, the Phillippines, and Vietnam. Lenovo plans to sell the K900 in ten additional markets by the end of the same year. Lenovo has hired professional basketball player Kobe Bryant to help promote the device in China and southeast Asia.[http://www.gsmarena.com/lenovo_k900-5241.php]

Lenovo smartphones – A820

The A820 is another popular Dual SIM|dual-SIM smartphone, which in this case is equipped with an ARM Cortex-A7 MediaTek MT6589 CPU.[http://www.gsmchoice.com/en/catalogue/lenovo/a820/ GSMchoice – Lenovo A820 Technical data] The phone belongs to the A series which is an entry-level group of Lenovo mobile devices

Lenovo smartphones – A820

Lenovo A820 is quite popular in many countries, despite the fact that it is directly available only in China, India, Indonesia, Russia, the Phillippines, and Vietnam. In a review for Mobile Network Comparison the author summarized that Lenovo A820 offers incomparable value compared to almost any phone available on British high streets.[http://mobilenetworkcomparison.org.uk/mobile-phones/lenovo-a820-review/ Mobile Network Comparison – Lenovo A820 Review]

Lenovo smartphones – Vibe X

The Vibe X was unveiled at the IFA 2013 show in Berlin. Lenovo says that the Vibe X will be released in China in October 2013 and in other countries in December of the same year. Lenovo hopes that the Vibe X will help it expand its smartphone market share outside of China. The Vibe X’s main feature is a 5-inch 1080p display made with scratch resistant Gorilla Glass 3 from Corning Inc.|Corning. At this size a 1080p display has a pixel density of 440 pixels per inch.

Lenovo smartphones – Vibe Z

The Lenovo Vibe Z is a high-end Android smartphone that accepts dual SIMs. It is 7.99mm thick and has 5.5-inch display.[http://phandroid.com/2013/11/12/lenovo-vibe-z-announced/] The Vibe Z uses a relatively large 1/3.06-inch backlit camera sensor paired with a f/1.8 lens and a dual-LED flash in order to achieve good low-light performance. The front-facing camera has a wide-angle lens with an 84-degree field of view.[http://www.gsmarena.com/lenovo_vibe_z_is_a_dualsim_55_phablet-news-7165.php]

Pedometer – Pedometers for Smartphones/MP3 players

Since most of the Smartphones, iPod Touches and some MP3 players are enhanced with an integrated accelerometer it is possible to introduce pedometer functionality to these devices. This option was successfully realized by a number of smartphone applications developers, enabling any fitness savvy smartphone owners to track the number of steps taken as well as passed distance and burnt calories.

Huawei – Ascend smartphones and devices

Huawei also produces and sells a variety of devices under its own name, such as the IDEOS smartphones and Tablet computer|tablet PCs

Samsung Galaxy – Larger screen smartphones

* Samsung Galaxy Note (original)|Samsung Galaxy Note

Calligra Suite – Smartphones

Calligra Mobile is a version for smartphone-like formfactors. Its main purpose is to serve as document viewer for devices running Maemo or its successor MeeGo but simple editing features are also available. This version only includes Calligra Words|Words, Calligra Sheets|Sheets and Calligra Stage|Stage.

Calligra Suite – Smartphones

Along with the launch of the Nokia N9 smartphone, Nokia released its own Poppler (software)|Poppler and Calligra-based office document viewer under GPL.

Mobile technology – Future of smartphone

The next generation of smartphones are going to be context-aware, taking advantage of the growing availability of embedded physical sensors and data exchange abilities

Mobile technology – Future of smartphone

Along with the future of a smart phone comes the future of another device

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

VoIP phones can be simple software-based softphones or purpose-built hardware devices that appear much like an ordinary telephone or a cordless phone. Traditional PSTN phones are used as VoIP phones with analog telephone adapters (ATA).

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

Two combined signal-and-power wired cable interfaces are in common use to communicate between computer networks (or computers) and physically separate VoIP phones: USB and Power over Ethernet. The latter is preferred in industry such as large scale Call Centers or Private branch exchange|PBX replacement applications, because PoE has the following advantages over USB:

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

*Much greater and more flexible power allocation: PoE switches typically support 4, 8, 16, 24, 48 or more ports each, with each device drawing up to 30W. By contrast, a USB 3.0 only supports up to 4.5W devices, insufficient for cordless, conference, videoconferencing and other common-use devices.

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

*Much greater cord range. While DC power diminishes rapidly over long cables, and is inefficient to supply further than 3M for high-draw devices, the low power draw of modern indoor radios permits full use of Category 5 cable|cat5 Ethernet cables of up to 100m length. By contrast USB supports under 3m and with extensions and boosters perhaps 10m maximum.

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

*Single connector: PoE relies on the single uniform RJ45_(telecommunications)#RJ45|rj-45 connector, a close relative of the proven RJ11|RJ-11 connector used for analog phones. By contrast there are six USB connectors and each change to the USB standard so far has involved at least one new type of connector.

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

*Ethernet protocol: Scalable from its original 1 megabit to modern 100 gigabit applications, copper Ethernet has no peer for scalability. It makes effective use of many different cable types (especially Category 3 cable|cat3 and coax) and has robust wireless equivalents (802.11/WiFi) when power and wired security is not required.

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

For these reasons, USB and softphone PC applications are considered transitional by many industrial users and makers of larger telephone switches, used only to build markets for VoIP that will eventually shift over to the more robust PoE technology shipped by Cisco, Siemens, Alcatel and other large switch makers.

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

A VoIP phone or application may have many features an analog phone doesn’t support, such as e-mail-like IDs for contacts that may be easier to remember than names or phone numbers, or easy sharing of contact lists among multiple accounts. Generally the features of VoIP phones follow those of Skype, Google Voice and other PC-based phone services, which have richer feature sets but (because they rely on mainstream Operating Systems’ IP support) latency-related audio problems.

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

A competing view is that as mainstream Operating Systems become better at voice applications with appropriate Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees and 5G handoff (IEEE 802.21 etc.) becomes available from outdoor wireless carriers, netbooks and smartphones will simply become the dominant interfaces

VoIP phone – Softphones, smartphones, USB phones, PoE phones

According to this view, the smartphone becomes the dominant VoIP phone because it works both indoors and outdoors and shifts base stations/protocols easily to trade off access costs and call clarity and other factors personal to the user, and the PoE/USB VoIP phone is thus the transitional device.

Barcode reader – Smartphones

* Smartphones can be used in Google’s mobile Android (operating system)|Android operating system via both their own Google Goggles application or 3rd party barcode scanners like Scan

Windows CE – Relationship to Windows Mobile, Pocket PC, and SmartPhone

Often Windows CE, Windows Mobile, and Pocket PC are used interchangeably, in part due to their common origin

Windows CE – Relationship to Windows Mobile, Pocket PC, and SmartPhone

Windows Mobile is best described as a subset of platforms based on a Windows CE underpinning. Currently, Pocket PC (now called Windows Mobile Classic), SmartPhone (Windows Mobile Standard), and Pocket PC Phone Edition (Windows Mobile Professional) are the three main platforms under the Windows Mobile umbrella. Each platform uses different components of Windows CE, plus supplemental features and applications suited for their respective devices.

Windows CE – Relationship to Windows Mobile, Pocket PC, and SmartPhone

Pocket PC and Windows Mobile are Microsoft-defined custom platforms for general PDA use, consisting of a Microsoft-defined set of minimum profiles (Professional Edition, Premium Edition) of software and hardware that is supported. The rules for manufacturing a Pocket PC device are stricter than those for producing a custom Windows CE-based platform. The defining characteristics of the Pocket PC are the touchscreen as the primary human interface device and its extremely portable size.

Windows CE – Relationship to Windows Mobile, Pocket PC, and SmartPhone

CE v3.0 is the basis for Pocket PC 2002. A successor to CE v3.0 is CE.net. PocketPC #91;is#93; a separate layer of code on top of the core Windows CE OS… Pocket PC is based on Windows CE, but it’s a different offering. And licensees of Pocket PC are forbidden to modify the WinCE part.

Windows CE – Relationship to Windows Mobile, Pocket PC, and SmartPhone

SmartPhone devices generally resemble other cellular handset form factors, whereas most Phone Edition devices use a PDA form factor with a larger display.

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation

This is a list of smartphones that support the Russian GLONASS navigation system.

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation – Asus

*Asus PadFone Infinity|PadFone Infinity

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation – HTC

*HTC Evo

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation – HTC

*HTC One series#2012 lineup|HTC One

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation – Huawei

* Huawei Honor (U8860)

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation – Samsung

* [http://www.samsung.com/levant/consumer/mobile-phones/mobile-phones/duos/GT-S7582ZKAMID-spec Samsung Galaxy S Duos 2]

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation – Samsung

* Samsung Galaxy Trend 7392 url=http://www.samsung.com/in/consumer/mobile-phone/mobile-phone/smartphone/GT-S7392MKAINU-spec?subsubtype=android-mobiles

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation – Sony

*Sony Xperia Z Ultra

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation – Any latest generation Qualcomm gpsONE(tm) Chipset based device

* Devices using latest Qualcomm chipsets have GLONASS as part of the gpsOne(tm)

List of Smartphones using GLONASS Navigation – Any latest generation Qualcomm gpsONE(tm) Chipset based device

* Qualcomm Blog article on GLONASS support being added

Bell Mobility – Smartphones

Various Android (operating system)|Android HSPA+ smartphones manufactured by HTC, LG Electronics|LG and Samsung are sold via Bell Mobility.

Bell Mobility – Smartphones

The BlackBerry Bold and BlackBerry Curve smartphones, manufactured by Research In Motion, are also part of Bell’s lineup. The Curve 9380 and the BlackBerry Torch 9810 were previously sold, but are now discontinued.

Bell Mobility – Smartphones

Bell is the second Canadian mobile carrier (after Rogers Wireless) to carry the Apple Inc.|Apple iPhone on November 4, 2009. This is the same day that Bell’s HSPA+ mobile network was launched. More than two years later, the iPhone 3GS is still sold by Bell alongside the newer iPhone 4, iPhone 5 and iPhone 4S models.

Bell Mobility – Smartphones

Previously available smartphone platforms were Symbian from Nokia, webOS from Hewlett-Packard|HP and Windows Phone from Microsoft.

Wind Mobile – Smartphones

Wind Mobile offers various smartphones using various platforms:

Wind Mobile – Smartphones

* ‘Android (Operating System)|Android’: HTC HTC One|One and HTC One S|One S; various Huawei including the Huawei Ascend P1 and Huawei Sonic; LG Google Nexus 4, LG G2, LG Optimus LG Optimus 4X HD|4X HD and LG Optimus L9|L9; Droid Razr|Motorola Razr V; various Samsung Galaxy including the Samsung Galaxy Note II|Note II, Samsung Galaxy Note 3|Note 3 and the Samsung Galaxy S4|S4; Sony Xperia ion

Wind Mobile – Smartphones

* ‘Windows Phone 8’: HTC Windows Phone 8S, Huawei Ascend W1

Wind Mobile – Smartphones

While Wind does not sell iOS phones, the T-Mobile USA versions of the iPhone 5, iPhone 5S|5S, iPhone 5C|5C (sold unlocked by T-Mobile or Apple Inc.|Apple) are compatible with Wind’s network and Wind offers the necessary Subscriber_identity_module#Nano-SIM|Nano-SIM cards to use the devices.

Wind Mobile – Smartphones

Wind is Canada’s first carrier to offer Alcatel-Lucent|Alcatel-branded phones. The Alcatel One Touch 980|Alcatel Tribe and Alcatel One Touch 908s were previously available. Wind is also the first and currently the only provider in that country to sell Huawei smartphones.

Wind Mobile – Smartphones

The BlackBerry Bold 9700 smartphone was available at launch, but has been replaced by the 9780, which itself was succeeded by the 9790 and 9900. Another smartphone available at launch was the HTC Maple, Wind’s only device to run the legacy Windows Mobile 6.5 Operating System. The device was later offered by Mobilicity and both carriers have now discontinued its sale.

Wind Mobile – Smartphones

Wind launched its first Android_version_history#v4.x Ice Cream Sandwich|Android 4.0 and Windows Phone 7 smartphones in February 2012. They were the Galaxy Nexus and HTC Radar, respectively. During that same month, Wind quietly discontinued older smartphones, such as the Nexus S and BlackBerry Curve 9300. One year later in February 2013, Wind released its first Windows Phone 8 device, the HTC Windows Phone 8S while discontinuing the older Nokia Lumia 710.

Wind Mobile – Smartphones

Phones running the Symbian Operating System were previously available

Flash Video – PDA-based and smartphone-based

* The Core Pocket Media Player (open source software)

Flash Video – PDA-based and smartphone-based

The iPhone and Android (operating system)|Android devices can play flash videos with the help of additional software (such as the Skyfire (web browser)|Skyfire web browser application.) Versions of Android above 2.1 support Flash unlike Apple’s iOS.

Flash Video – PDA-based and smartphone-based

On 29 June 2012, Adobe announced that, as they were discontinuing development of the mobile version of Flash, they would prevent the Flash player from installing from the Google Play Store on any Android devices that do not already have the Flash player installed, and that they would not be releasing a version of Flash certified for use with Android version 4.1, codenamed Android version history|Jelly Bean.

Participatory culture – Relationship to the smartphone

The smartphone epitomizes this by the endless choices and ways to get personally involved with multiple media at the same time, in a nonlinear way.[http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL_udi=B6V65-4YYXJTH-1_user=1822396_coverDate=08%2F31%2F2010_rdoc=1_fmt=high_orig=search_origin=search_sort=d_docanchor=view=c_searchStrId=1483331908_rerunOrigin=google_acct=C000054561_version=1_urlVersion=0_userid=1822396md5=105b25b146a64522cacfa67ab417ce78searchtype=a Science Direct] The smartphone also contributes to participatory culture because of how it changes the perception of identity

List of Smartphones using HD Voice – Alcatel Mobile Phones|Alcatel

* Alcatel_Mobile_Phones#Smartphones.5B3.5D|Alcatel One Touch 918

List of Smartphones using HD Voice – Huawei

* Huawei Boulder U8350

List of Smartphones using HD Voice – Motorola Mobility|Motorola

* Motorola_Quench#Motorola_CLIQ_XT|Motorola Quench

List of Smartphones using HD Voice – Nokia

* Nokia 5530 XpressMusic

List of Smartphones using HD Voice – Nokia

* Nokia 5630 XpressMusic

List of Smartphones using HD Voice – Nokia

* Nokia 5730 XpressMusic

List of Smartphones using HD Voice – Nokia

* Nokia 808 PureView

List of Smartphones using HD Voice – Sony

* Sony Xperia U

WhereverTV – Droid Smartphone TabletPC

WhereverTV subscriptions are available for viewing on Droid smartphones and tablet PC devices. The WhereverTV Android application became available on the Google Play store in December 2012. Currently, only GreekTV, ArabicTV, and MoroccanTV subscription services can be played on WhereverTV’s Android application.

Android operating system – Use outside of smartphones and tablets

The open and customizable nature of Android allows it to be used on other electronics aside from smartphones and tablets, including laptops and netbooks, smartbooks, smart TVs (Google TV) and cameras (Nikon Coolpix S800c and Galaxy Camera)

Android operating system – Use outside of smartphones and tablets

In 2011, Google demonstrated [email protected], a home automation technology which uses Android to control a range of household devices including light switches, power sockets and thermostats

Windows Mobile – Smartphones

Microsoft’s focus for the Smartphone platform was to create a device that functioned well as a phone and data device in a more integrated manner.[http://web.archive.org/web/20020608124628/www.microsoft.com/mobile/phones/smartphone/integrated.asp Mobile Phones|Smartphone – Software Features Overview]

List of speech recognition software – Mobile Devices / Smartphones

Many cell phone handsets have basic dial-by-voice features built in. Smartphones such as iPhone or Blackberry also support this. A number of 3rd party Apps have implemented natural language speech recognition support, including:

ISO/IEC 21481 – Smartphone automation and NFC tags

Smartphones equipped with NFC can be paired with NFC Tags or stickers which can be programmed by NFC apps to automate tasks. These programs can allow for a change of phone settings, a text to be created and sent, an app to be launched, or any number of commands to be executed, limited only by the NFC app and other apps on the smartphone.

Alcatel Mobile Phones –

* ONE TOUCH 997D (dual sim)

Alcatel Mobile Phones –

* ONE TOUCH GLORY 2T

List of operating systems – Smartphones and Mobile phones

** Access Linux Platform

List of operating systems – Smartphones and Mobile phones

* iOS (a subset of Mac OS X)

List of operating systems – Smartphones and Mobile phones

* Symbian platform (successor to Symbian OS)

The National Archives (United Kingdom) – Smartphone applications

In January 2011 The National Archives, in conjunction with historian Nick Barratt and smartphone applications development studio RevelMob, developed its first Old Money iPhone app, which uses historic price data from documents held at The National Archives to see what a sum of money from the past (from 1270) would be worth today and the spending power it would have commanded at the time.

The National Archives (United Kingdom) – Smartphone applications

In September 2011, TNA’s museum began using QRpedia codes, which can be scanned by smartphone users in order to retrieve information about exhibits from Wikipedia.

LG Quantum – Smartphone connectivity

The device runs on ATT|ATT’s 3G network. It also offers WiFi as another means on connection to the internet. The phone comes with built-in Bluetooth 2.1 and a MicroUSB slot to plug in a MicroUSB to USB wire which can be used to connect the device to the computer or to the wall charger.

HTC 7 Surround – Smartphone connectivity

The device runs on ATT’s 3G network. It also offers WiFi as another means on connection to the internet. The phone comes with built-in Bluetooth 2.1 and a MicroUSB slot to plug in a MicroUSB to USB wire which can be used to connect the device to the computer or to the wall charger.

HTC 7 Surround – Smartphone connectivity

WiFi tethering, initially not supported, has been added with Windows Phone 7.5 but ATT has yet to push the firmware update from HTC.

Google Android – Use outside of smartphones and tablets

The open and customizable nature of Android allows it to be used on other electronics aside from smartphones and tablets, including laptops and netbooks, smartbooks, smart TVs (Google TV) and cameras (E.g

Google Android – Use outside of smartphones and tablets

Parrot (company)|Parrot unveiled an Android-based car stereo system known as Asteroid in 2011, followed by a successor, the touchscreen-based Asteroid Smart, in 2012

Infrared blaster – Smartphones with IR blasters

Smartphones that debuted in 2013 that have IR blasters built-in: the Japanese version of the Sony Xperia Z, the Sony Xperia ZL, the Japanese version of the Sony Xperia Z1, the Samsung Galaxy Note 3, the Galaxy S4, the Samsung Galaxy Mega 6.3, the LG G2 and the HTC One [http://www.theverge.com/2013/4/24/4262074/is-this-the-year-of-the-ir-blaster Back from the dead] theverge.com

Prospective memory – Smartphones

With advancements in technology, Smartphones can serve as prospective memory aids

Push-to-talk – Smartphone/Computer Apps

Wireless carrier-grade PTT systems have adapted to and adopted the smartphone platform by providing downloadable apps that support their PTT systems across many mobile platforms

Smartphone operating system

A ‘mobile operating system’, also referred to as ‘mobile OS’, is an operating system that operates a smartphone, tablet computer|tablet, PDA, or other mobile device

Smartphone operating system

smartphones) contain two mobile operating systems – the main user-facing software platform is supplemented by a second low-level proprietary real-time operating system which operates the radio and other hardware

Smartphone operating system – History

* 1979–1992 Mobile phones use embedded systems to control operation.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 1993 The first smartphone, the IBM Simon, has a touchscreen, email and PDA features.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 1996 Palm, Inc.|Palm Pilot 1000 personal digital assistant is introduced with the Palm OS mobile operating system.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 1996 First Windows CE Handheld PC devices are introduced.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 1999 Nokia S40 OS is officially introduced along with the Nokia 7110

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2000 Symbian becomes the first modern mobile OS on a smartphone with the launch of the Ericsson R380.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2002 Microsoft’s first Windows CE (Pocket PC) smartphones are introduced.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2005 Nokia introduces Maemo OS on the first internet tablet N770.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2007 iPhone|Apple iPhone with iOS (Apple)|iOS is introduced as an iPhone, mobile phone and internet communicator.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2007 Open Handset Alliance (OHA) formed by Google, HTC Corporation|HTC, Sony, Dell, Intel, Motorola Mobility|Motorola, Samsung Electronics|Samsung, LG Electronics|LG, etc.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2009 Palm, Inc.|Palm introduces webOS with the Palm Pre. By 2012 webOS devices were no longer sold.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2009 Samsung Electronics|Samsung announces the Bada OS with the introduction of the Samsung S8500.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2010 Windows Phone OS phones are released but are not compatible with the previous Windows Mobile OS.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2011 MeeGo the first mobile Linux, combining Maemo and Moblin, is introduced with the Nokia N9, a collaboration of Nokia, Intel and Linux Foundation

Smartphone operating system – History

* In September 2011 Samsung, Intel and the Linux Foundation announced that their efforts will shift from Bada, MeeGo to Tizen during 2011 and 2012.

Smartphone operating system – History

* In October 2011 the Mer (software distribution)|Mer project was announced, centered around an ultra-portable Linux + HTML5/QML/JavaScript Core for building products with, derived from the MeeGo codebase.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2012 Mozilla announced in July 2012 that the project previously known as Boot to Gecko was now Firefox OS and had several handset OEMs on board.

Smartphone operating system – History

* 2013 Canonical Ltd.|Canonical announced Ubuntu Touch, a version of the Linux distribution expressly designed for smartphones. The OS is built on the Android Linux kernel, using Android drivers, but does not use any of the Java-like code of Android.

Smartphone operating system – Android

On November 15, 2011, Android reached 52.5% of the global smartphone market share.[http://econsultancy.com/uk/blog/8279-android-doubles-market-share-to-take-52-5-of-smartphone-market Android takes 52.5% of smartphone market]

Smartphone operating system – iOS

iOS (Apple)|iOS is from Apple Inc

Smartphone operating system – Windows Phone

Windows Phone is from Microsoft

Smartphone operating system – Symbian

Symbian platform is from Nokia for certain models of their current entry level smartphones. It is proprietary software. Runs Symbian S60 or Nokia S40|S40. The Operating System is found running on Nokia Asha platform|Nokia’s Asha devices

Smartphone operating system – Tizen

Tizen is an operating system for devices including smartphones, tablets, in-vehicle infotainment (IVI) devices, and smart TVs

Smartphone operating system – LiMo 4

LiMo 4 is from the LiMo Foundation

Smartphone operating system – Maemo

Maemo is from Nokia. It is open source and GPL. Maemo is a platform developed by Nokia for smartphones and Internet tablets. Maemo is based on Debian GNU/Linux and draws much of its GUI, Software framework|frameworks and libraries from the GNOME project. It uses the Matchbox (window manager)|Matchbox window manager and the GTK-based Hildon as its GUI and application framework.

Smartphone operating system – Meego

MeeGo (operating system)|MeeGo is from non-profit organization The Linux Foundation

Smartphone operating system – webOS

webOS is from LG, although some parts are open source

Smartphone operating system – Market share

Note that these statistics only include operating systems marketed as smartphones (e.g., they don’t include Nokia’s S40 operating system, which according to Nokia’s announcement on 25 January 2012, has sold over 1.5 billion S40 devices).

Smartphone operating system – Outlook

International Data Corporation|IDC predicted high Android market share at the expense of other platforms in year 2012, but that from year 2013 to 2016, iOS and Android would stop gaining market share, while Windows Phone would rise to third place.[http://www.sys-con.com/node/2291309 Android Expected to Reach Its Peak This Year as Mobile Phone Shipments Slow, According to IDC | SYS-CON MEDIA]

List of countries by smartphone penetration

This is a ‘list of countries by smartphone penetration’ as measured by Google’s Our Mobile Planet.think.withgoogle.com/mobileplanet/en/http://mashable.com/2013/08/27/global-smartphone-penetration/ It shows the percentage of the population owning and using a smartphone.

Android platform – Use outside of smartphones and tablets

The open and customizable nature of Android allows it to be used on other electronics aside from smartphones and tablets, including laptops and netbooks, smartbooks, smart TVs (Android TV, Google TV) and cameras (E.g

Android platform – Use outside of smartphones and tablets

On March 18, 2014, Google announced Android Wear, an Android-based platform specifically intended for smartwatches and other wearable devices; only a developer preview was made publicly available. This was followed by the unveiling of two Android Wearndash;based devices, the LG G Watch and Moto 360.

Android platform – Use outside of smartphones and tablets

On June 25, 2014, at Google I/O, it was announced Android TV, a Smart TV platform, is replacing the previously released Google TV. On June 26, 2014, Google announced Android Auto for the car.

Background process – Smartphones

Many newer versions of smartphone PDA operating systems now include the ability to start background processes

Pixel density – Smartphones

Smartphones use small displays, but today, smartphone displays have a larger PPI rating, such as LG G3 with quad HD display at 534 PPI or iPhone which is branded by Apple Inc.|Apple as a Retina display with maximum 326 PPI – XHDPI or Oppo Find 7 with 534ppi on 5.5 display – XXHDPI (see section below).

Smartphone wars

The ‘smartphone wars’ or ‘smartphone patents licensing and litigation’ is an ongoing business battle by smartphone manufacturers including Sony, Google, Apple Inc., Samsung, Microsoft, Nokia, Motorola, and HTC, among others, in Patent infringement|patent litigation. The conflict is part of the Technology patent wars|wider patent wars between multinational technology and software corporations.

Smartphone wars

To secure and increase their market share, companies granted a patent can sue to prevent competitors from using the methods the patent covers. Since 2010 the number of lawsuits, counter-suits, and trade complaints based on patents and Industrial design right|designs in the market for smartphones, and devices based on Mobile operating system|smartphone OSes such as Android (operating system)|Android and iOS, has increased significantly.

Smartphone wars – Timeline

Initial suits, countersuits, rulings, licence agreements, and other major events in italics:

Smartphone wars – 2009

The pattern of suing and countersuing really began in 2009 as the smartphone market grew more rapidly.

Smartphone wars – 2009

* 2009, Oct 22: Nokia sues Apple over 10 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2009

* 2009, Dec 11: Apple countersues Nokia over 13 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2009

* 2009, Dec 29: Nokia files a second lawsuit and a United States International Trade Commission|U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) complaint against Apple over 7 more patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Feb 19: Apple drops 4 patents from their countersuit against Nokia that are in their ITC complaint against Nokia.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Feb 24: Apple countersues Nokia in Nokia’s second lawsuit, over the 9 patents that are in Apple’s ITC complaint.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Mar 02: Apple sues HTC over 10 patents and files an ITC complaint against HTC over 10 other patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Apr 27: HTC signs an agreement with Microsoft to licence Microsoft patents in return for royalties on HTC’s Android-based devices (rumored to be $5 per handset).

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, May 7: Nokia files a third lawsuit against Apple over 5 more patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, May 28: S3 Graphics files an ITC complaint against Apple over 4 patents used in the iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, and Apple computers.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Jun 28: Apple countersues Nokia in Nokia’s third lawsuit, over 7 more patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Jul 21: Nokia drops 1 patent from their ITC complaint against Apple.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Aug 12: Oracle sues Google over 7 patents relating to the use of Java in Android. See Oracle v. Google.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Sep 17: Nokia adds 2 more patents to their third lawsuit against Apple.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Sep 27: Apple sues Nokia in the UK and Germany over 9 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Sep 30: Nokia countersues Apple in Germany over 4 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Oct 01: Microsoft files an ITC complaint and a lawsuit against Motorola over 9 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Oct 06: Motorola sues Apple over 18 patents, and files an ITC complaint against Apple over 6 of them.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Oct 08: Motorola files a request for declaratory judgement that they do not infringe 12 Apple patents, and that those patents be declared invalid.[http://arstechnica.com/apple/news/2010/10/motorola-horns-in-on-apple-vs-htc-files-suit-against-apple.ars Motorola seeks to invalidate Apple phone patents].

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Oct 12: Nokia adds 3 more patents to their countersuit against Apple in Germany.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Oct 25: Nokia sues Apple in another German court over 5 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Oct 29: Apple sues Motorola over 6 patents, and files an ITC complaint against Motorola over 3 of them.[http://www.patentlyapple.com/patently-apple/2010/10/apple-files-lawsuit-against-motorola-to-defend-multi-touch.html Apple Files Lawsuit against Motorola to Defend Multi-Touch].[http://www.businessweek.com/news/2010-11-23/apple-patent-case-against-motorola-to-get-trade-agency-review.html Apple Patent Case Against Motorola to Get Trade Agency Review].

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Nov 10: Motorola sues Microsoft over 7 patents in one court and 9 patents in another.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Nov 18: Apple makes counterclaims against Motorola over 6 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Dec 01: Apple adds the 12 patents to their suit against Motorola that Motorola previously requested declaratory judgement that they do not infringe.[http://fosspatents.blogspot.com/2010/12/apple-vs-motorola-now-42-patents-in.html Apple vs. Motorola: now 42 patents-in-suit (24 Apple and 18 Motorola patents)].

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Dec 03: Nokia countersues Apple in the UK over 4 patents, and files a new suit against Apple in the Netherlands over 2 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Dec 03: Apple countersues Nokia in Nokia’s second German lawsuit, over 1 patent and 2 utility models.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Dec 15 and 22: Nokia and Apple take their first German suit/countersuit to the Federal Patent Court of Germany.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Dec 23: Motorola files a third lawsuit against Microsoft over 3 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2010

* 2010, Dec 23: Microsoft countersues Motorola over 7 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jan 06: The third Nokia/Apple lawsuit/countersuit is transferred to the location of the first and second ones.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jan 18: Apple seeks to invalidate one Nokia patent in the UK, which it was not yet being sued over.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jan 18: Motorola drops 1 patent from their lawsuits against Microsoft.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jan 19: Microsoft counterclaims against Motorola, asserting 5 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jan 25: Microsoft counterclaims against Motorola, asserting 2 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Feb 14: Motorola adds 2 patents to their lawsuits against Microsoft.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Mar 21: Microsoft sues Barnes Noble over the Android operating system in the Nook ebook reader.[http://www.geekwire.com/2011/breaking-microsoft-sues-barnes-noble-android Microsoft sues Barnes Noble over Android in Nook].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Mar 29: Nokia files an ITC complaint against Apple over 7 more patents, and a fourth lawsuit over 6 of those.[http://press.nokia.com/2011/03/29/nokia-files-second-itc-complaint-against-apple/ Nokia files second ITC complaint against Apple].[http://fosspatents.blogspot.com/2011/03/escalation-nokia-files-new-itc.html Escalation: Nokia files new ITC complaint against Apple (plus a corresponding federal lawsuit)], FOSS Patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Apr 15: Apple sues Samsung for patent and trademark infringement (7 utility patents, 3 design patents, 3 registered trade dresses, 6 trademarked icons) with its Galaxy line of mobile products, including the Galaxy S smartphone and the Galaxy Tab tablet.[http://thisismynext.com/2011/04/19/apple-sues-samsung-analysis/ Apple sues Samsung: a complete lawsuit analysis].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Apr 22: Samsung sues Apple in South Korea (5 patents), Japan (2 patents), and Germany (3 patents).[http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2383964,00.asp Samsung Countersues Apple for Patent Infringement].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Apr 28: Samsung countersues Apple over 10 patents.[http://thisismynext.com/2011/04/29/samsung-sues-apple-infringing-10-patents-closer/ Samsung sues Apple for infringing 10 patents: a closer look].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, May 18: Samsung ordered to provide Apple samples of the announced Galaxy S2, Samsung Infuse 4G|Infuse 4G, and Infuse 4G LTE smartphones, as well as the Galaxy Tab 8.9 and Galaxy Tab 10.1 tablets as part of Apple’s lawsuit against the company.[http://www.courthousenews.com/2011/05/19/36708.htm Samsung Must Show Cell Phones to Apple].[http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2385861,00.asp Judge Orders Samsung to Give Apple Unreleased Tablets, Smartphones].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, May 18: Samsung files a court motion for Apple to provide samples of the unannounced iPhone 5 and iPad 3 prototypes.[http://thisismynext.com/2011/05/28/samsung-apple-iphone-5-ipad-3/ Samsung’s lawyers demand to see the iPhone 5 and iPad 3].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 14: Nokia and Apple settle their litigation with Apple agreeing to pay Nokia an undisclosed one-time payment as well as continuing royalties.[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-06-14/nokia-apple-payments-to-nokia-settle-all-litigation.html Nokia Wins Apple Patent-License Deal Cash, Settles Lawsuits].[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/06/14/apple-nokia-patent-lawsuit-settlement_n_876499.html Apple Settles With Nokia In Patent Lawsuit].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 16: Apple amends its lawsuit against Samsung, dropping 2 utility patents and 1 design patent, and adding 3 new utility patents plus 4 trade dress applications, now covering the Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1.Staff Reporter, [http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/165405/20110619/apple-lawsuit-upgrade-samsung-galaxy-tab-10-1-infringement-intellectual-property-rights-ipad-2.htm Apple alleges Samsung of ‘slavishly copying’ its technology; questions new Galaxy Tab 10.1], International Business Times, June 19, 2011.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 22: Apple countersues Samsung in South Korea over an unknown number of patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 22: Samsung’s motion to be provided samples of Apple’s unannounced iPhone 5 and iPad 3 prototypes is denied.[http://thisismynext.com/2011/06/22/shocker-samsung-allowed-iphone-5-ipad-3/ Shocker: Samsung not allowed to see iPhone 5 and iPad 3].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 27: General Dynamics Itronix signs an agreement with Microsoft to licence Microsoft patents in return for royalties on General Dynamics Itronix’s Android-based devices.[http://fosspatents.blogspot.com/2011/06/android-device-makers-sign-up-as.html FOSS Patents: Android device makers sign up as Microsoft patent licensees — an overview of the situation].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 28: Samsung files an ITC complaint and a lawsuit against Apple over 5 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 29: Samsung sues Apple in London, UK over an unknown number of patents, and a Samsung lawsuit against Apple in Italy becomes known (details unknown).

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 29: Velocity Micro signs an agreement with Microsoft to licence Microsoft patents in return for royalties on Velocity Micro’s Android-based devices.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 30: Samsung converts its countersuit against Apple into counterclaims against Apple’s suit, dropping 2 patents but adding 4 more.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 30: A consortium of companies made up of Apple, EMC Corporation, Ericsson, Microsoft, Research In Motion and Sony win against Google[http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/07/02/us-dealtalk-nortel-google-idUSTRE76104L20110702 Dealtalk: Google bid pi for Nortel patents and lost]

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jun 30: Onkyo signs an agreement with Microsoft to licence Microsoft patents in return for royalties on Onkyo’s Android-based devices.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 01: Apple files for preliminary injunction against 4 Samsung products: Infuse 4G, Samsung Galaxy S|Galaxy S 4G, Droid Charge, and Galaxy Tab 10.1 based on 3 design patents and 1 utility patent.[http://fosspatents.blogspot.com/2011/07/apple-files-motion-for-preliminary.html Apple files motion for preliminary injunction in the U.S. against four Samsung products: Infuse 4G, Galaxy S 4G, Droid Charge, Galaxy Tab 10.1].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 01: ITC rules that Apple infringes on 2 patents held by S3 Graphics, while not infringing on 2 others.[http://news.cnet.com/8301-27076_3-20076219-248/itc-ruling-mixed-in-s3-graphics-v-apple/?tag=mncol;txt ITC ruling mixed in S3 Graphics v. Apple].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 05: Apple files an ITC complaint against Samsung over 6 smartphones and 2 tablets infringing 5 utility patents and 2 design patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 05: Wistron Corporation|Wistron signs an agreement with Microsoft to licence Microsoft patents in return for royalties on Wistron’s Android-based devices.[http://www.networkworld.com/news/2011/070511-microsoft-patent-android.html Microsoft patent division taking cash from at least 5 Android vendors].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 06: HTC agrees to purchase S3 Graphics to secure 235 patents for use in its defense against Apple.[http://www.dailytech.com/VIA+WTI+Sell+Stakes+in+S3+Graphics+to+HTC/article22078.htm DailyTech – VIA, WTI Sell Stakes in S3 Graphics to HTC].[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-07-06/htc-to-buy-s3-graphics-securing-patents-in-apple-fight-1-.html HTC to Acquire Chip Designer S3 Graphics, Securing Patents in Apple Fight – Bloomberg].[http://news.cnet.com/8301-1035_3-20077720-94/htc-facing-backlash-for-s3-acquisition/?tag=mncol;txt HTC facing backlash for S3 acquisition].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 06: Microsoft seeks $15 licensing fees from Samsung for a range of claimed patent violations on every Android device.[http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/07/06/us-samsung-microsoft-idUSTRE7651DB20110706 Microsoft wants Samsung to pay smartphone license].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 11: Apple files a second ITC complaint against HTC over 5 more patents, and sues HTC over 4 patents from this second ITC complaint that they weren’t already suing HTC over.[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-07-11/apple-files-new-trade-complaint-against-htc-over-devices.html?cmpid=yhoo HTC’s Flyer Tablet, Droid Accused of Infringing Apple Patents – Bloomberg].[http://fosspatents.blogspot.com/2011/07/apple-files-second-itc-complaint.html FOSS Patents: Apple files second ITC complaint against HTC: better luck next time?].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 11-12: Google acquires 1,029 Patents from IBM for an undisclosed amount.[http://www.seobythesea.com/2011/07/google-acquires-ibm-patents-in-july/ Google Acquires Over 1,000 IBM Patents in July].[http://www.seobythesea.com/2011/07/googles-new-patents-from-ibm/ Google’s New Patents from IBM].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 15: ITC finds HTC infringes on 2 Apple patents.[http://allthingsd.com/20110715/itc-rules-htc-violated-two-apple-patents/?refcat=news Bad News for Android: ITC Rules HTC Violated Two Apple Patents – John Paczkowski – News – AllThingsD].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Jul 29: HTC sues Apple in London, UK over an unknown number of patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Aug 02: Apple sues Samsung in Australia over 10 patents, resulting in Samsung delaying the launch and halting advertising of the Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1 tablet in Australia to an indefinite date.[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-08-01/apple-seeks-to-block-samsung-from-selling-tablet-in-australia.html Apple Lawsuit Puts Samsung Tablet Sales in Australia on Hold].[http://fosspatents.blogspot.com/2011/08/samsungs-official-comment-on-australian.html Samsung’s official comment on the Australian Galaxy Tab 10.1 situation is extremely weak].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Aug 09: A German court issues a Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1#Apple patent lawsuit|preliminary injunction against the Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1 in Apple’s lawsuit against Samsung which causes its sale to be banned in most of Europe.[http://fosspatents.blogspot.com/2011/08/preliminary-injunction-granted-by.html Preliminary injunction granted by German court: Apple blocks Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1 in the entire European Union except for the Netherlands].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Aug 15: Motorola Mobility#Proposed acquisition by Google|Google announces its intention to buy Motorola Mobility for $12.5 billion USD. Eighteen of Motorola’s patents could potentially be used for defense or countersuits against Apple and Microsoft, and may influence the smartphone war. These patents may change the balance of power, and force the various players to settle their lawsuits.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Aug 16: The Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1 sales ban in Europe is lifted outside of Germany.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Aug 17: Google acquires 1,023 more patents from IBM for an undisclosed amount (not revealed until 13 Sep 2011).[http://www.seobythesea.com/2011/09/google-ibm-patents-august/#more-6675 Google and IBM do it again: Google Acquires over 1,000 Patents from IBM in August].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Aug 23: Microsoft files a complaint with the ITC requesting a ban on several key Motorola smartphones and devices in the USA based on infringements of 7 patents.[http://techcrunch.com/2011/08/23/microsoft-asks-for-an-import-ban-on-motorola-smartphones/ Microsoft Asks For An Import Ban On Motorola Smartphones].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Aug 24: A court in the Netherlands rules that Samsung will be banned from selling the Galaxy S, Galaxy S II and Galaxy Ace in a number of European countries due to Apple’s patent infringement claims.[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-14652482 Euro ban for Samsung Galaxy phone].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Sep 02: Apple granted preliminary injunction against Samsung preventing display of the prototype Samsung Galaxy Tab 7.7 tablet at the IFA trade show in Berlin.[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-09-04/apple-wins-german-injunction-on-new-galaxy-tab.html Samsung Puts Galaxy 10.1 Tablet on Hold as Apple Wins German Court Order].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Sep 02: Apple court filings assert that Andy Rubin got inspiration for Android framework while working at Apple before working at General Magic and Danger, Inc.[http://fosspatents.blogspot.com/2011/09/apple-to-itc-andy-rubin-got-inspiration.html FOSS Patents: Apple to ITC: Andy Rubin got inspiration for Android framework while working at Apple, hence infringes an Apple API patent].

Smartphone wars – 2011

The move is seen as a possible first step for Google giving direct support in lawsuits involving manufacturers using Android.[http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-09-08/google-hands-htc-patents-to-use-against-apple-in-smartphone-wars.html Google Hands HTC Patents to Use Against Apple in Smartphone Wars].[http://tech.fortune.cnn.com/2011/09/08/google-gets-its-hands-dirty/ Google gets its hands dirty – Apple 2.0 – Fortune Tech].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Sep 08: Acer Inc.|Acer and ViewSonic sign patent license agreements with Microsoft regarding their use of Android on smartphones and tablets.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Sep 09: Apple’s preliminary injunction against sales of the Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1 in Germany is upheld.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Sep 12: Samsung announces a lawsuit against Apple in France that had been filed in July over 3 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Sep 12: Apple countersues Samsung in the UK over an unknown number of patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Sep 13: Google’s August 17 acquisition of 1,023 patents from IBM is revealed by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Sep 17: Samsung countersues Apple in Australia over 7 patents.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Sep 28: Samsung signs an agreement with Microsoft to licence Microsoft patents in return for royalties on Samsung’s Android-based devices.[http://blogs.technet.com/b/microsoft_on_the_issues/archive/2011/09/28/our-licensing-deal-with-samsung-how-ip-drives-innovation-and-collaboration.aspx Our Licensing Deal with Samsung: How IP Drives Innovation and Collaboration – Microsoft on the Issues – Site Home – TechNet Blogs].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Oct 12: An Australian court issues a preliminary injunction against the Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1 in Apple’s lawsuit against Samsung which prevents its sale in Australia leading up to the 2011 holiday season.

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Oct 13: Quanta signs an agreement with Microsoft to licence Microsoft patents in return for royalties on Quanta’s Android and Chrome-based devices.[http://techcrunch.com/2011/10/13/microsoft-inks-another-android-patent-deal-this-time-with-quanta/ Microsoft Inks Another Android Patent Deal, This Time With Quanta | TechCrunch].

Smartphone wars – 2011

* 2011, Oct 13: Judge in Apple’s U.S. lawsuit against Samsung agrees that Samsung’s tablets infringe on Apple’s patents, but also that the validity of some of the patents might be questionable.

Smartphone wars – 2012

* 2012, Jan 17: Apple files a lawsuit in Düsseldorf regional court, Germany against Samsung claiming the Galaxy S2 infringes on Apple patents.[http://www.engadget.com/2012/01/17/apple-files-another-german-lawsuit-against-samsung-targets-gala/ Apple files German lawsuit against Samsung, targets Galaxy S II, nine other smartphones – Engadget]

Smartphone wars – 2012

* 2012, Mar 7: Samsung files a lawsuit in Seoul’s Central district court claiming that the iPhone 4S and iPad 2 infringe on three of its patents.

Smartphone wars – 2012

* 2012, Mar 7: Judge Allan Gropper ruled that Apple was disallowed from suing from Kodak for patent infringement. arguing that it would be an inappropriate way forward.Whittaker, Zach, [http://m.cnet.com.au/kodak-sues-tells-apple-get-off-our-patents-339339987.htm Kodak sues, tells Apple: ‘get off our patents’], CNet, cnet.com.au, June 20, 2012. Accessed July 30, 2012.

Smartphone wars – 2012

* 2012, May 22: Google Inc. completes acquisition of Motorola Mobility.

Smartphone wars – 2012

* 2012, Jun 10: Apple sues Samsung over its auto-correct patent in San Jose Calif.[http://www.bgr.com/2012/02/10/apple-sues-samsung-over-autocorrect-patent/ Apple sues Samsung over autocorrect patent]

Smartphone wars – 2012

* 2012, Jun 23: Federal Judge Posner throws out Apple-Motorola case with prejudice.[http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2012/06/in-bid-for-patent-sanity-judge-throws-out-entire-applemotorola-case/ In bid for patent sanity, judge throws out entire Apple/Motorola case | Ars Technica]

Smartphone wars – 2012

* 2012, Jun 29: Apple is granted an injunction against import of the Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1.[http://www.pcworld.com/businesscenter/article/258520/samsung_appeals_apple_injunction_against_galaxy_tab.html Samsung Appeals Apple Injunction Against Galaxy Tab | PCWorld Business Center]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jun 30: Lucy H. Koh|Judge Lucy Koh grants Apple an injunction against the Samsung Galaxy Nexus.[http://www.pcworld.com/businesscenter/article/258624/report_apple_wins_injunction_against_galaxy_nexus.html Report: Apple Wins Injunction Against Galaxy Nexus | PCWorld Business Center]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 1: Samsung files an appeal against Apple’s injunction against the Galaxy Nexus.[http://news.cnet.com/8301-13579_3-57464591-37/samsung-appeals-apples-injunction-against-galaxy-nexus/ Samsung appeals Apple’s injunction against Galaxy Nexus | Apple – CNET News]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 2: Nokia claims that the Nexus 7 infringes on its patents.[http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/2188489/googles-nexus-tablet-infringes-nokia-patents Google’s Nexus 7 tablet infringes Nokia patents – The Inquirer]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 4: A high court in the UK rules that three of the four patents Apple brought up against HTC are invalid.[http://www.theverge.com/2012/7/4/3136922/apple-htc-uk-high-court-patents-invalid UK High Court rules three Apple patents invalid, vindicates HTC | The Verge]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 6: Google and Samsung are forced to degrade the universal search bar on the Galaxy Nexus and Galaxy S3 as a result of an injunction granted to Apple by Lucy H. Koh|Judge Lucy Koh.[http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20120705/03281819586/so-its-come-to-this-samsunggoogle-forced-to-degrade-features-patent-dispute.shtml And So It’s Come To This: Samsung/Google Forced To Degrade Features In Patent Dispute | Techdirt]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 6: The ITU announces that it is convening a patent roundtable on October 10 in Geneva to have stakeholders resolve their differences.[http://www.engadget.com/2012/07/06/itu-wants-to-bring-smartphone-makers-to-peace-talks/ ITU wants to bring smartphone makers to peace talks, hash out patent wars – Engadget]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 9: Samsung wins a patent dispute on the Galaxy Tab against Apple in the UK. Judge Colin Birss stated that Samsung’s tablets were not as cool as the Apple’s, and do not have the same understated and extreme simplicity which is possessed by the Apple design.[http://www.engadget.com/2012/07/09/uk-judge-says-galaxy-tab-not-as-cool-as-ipad-awards-samsung-w/ UK Judge says Galaxy Tab ‘not as cool’ as iPad, awards Samsung win in design suit – Engadget]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 12: San Francisco based EMG Technology sues Google in an East Texas court claiming the mobile version of Chrome infringes on its patent for apparatus and method of manipulating a region on a wireless device screen for viewing, zooming and scrolling internet content.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 15: RIM is ordered to pay US$147 million to Mformation for infringement of its remote management patent.[http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/business/120714/blackberry-maker-rim-order-pay-147-million-patent-lawsuit Blackberry maker RIM order to pay $147 million in patent lawsuit]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 18: Apple is granted ‘the mother of all smartphone patents’ by the USPTO, encompass[ing] the user interfaces Apple designed for blogging, e-mail, telephone, camera, video player, calendar, browser, widgets, search, notes, maps and most importantly, a multi-touch interface.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 18: Apple is forced by UK Judge Birss to publish public apologies to Samsung on their website stating that Samsung did not copy the iPad.[http://www.businessinsider.com/bloomberg-apple-must-post-notice-online-in-uk-saying-samsung-didnt-copy-ipad-2012-7 Bloomberg: Apple Must Post Notice Online In UK Saying Samsung Didn’t Copy iPad – Business Insider]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Jul 27: A Mannheim court bans Motorola’s Android devices in Germany ruling that they infringe on Microsoft FAT patent.[http://www.theverge.com/2012/7/27/3192900/microsoft-motorola-fat-patent-germany-decision Motorola Android devices banned in Germany for infringing Microsoft’s FAT patent | The Verge]

Smartphone wars – 2012

* 2012, Aug 23: A court in Seoul in South Korea ruled that both Apple and Samsung had infringed each other’s patents, and that Samsung had not copied the look and feel of Apple’s products.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Aug 24: Apple wins patent dispute against Samsung and is awarded $1.049 billion in damages for 6 of the 7 patents brought to bear. Samsung is awarded $0 in counter suit. The jury deliberated for 3 days before coming to a verdict that found among other things that Samsung violated the scrolling bounce back patent and pinch to zoom patent of Apple.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Aug 31: A Tokyo court rules that Samsung’s Galaxy smartphones and tablets do not violate an Apple patent on technology that synchronizes music and videos between devices and servers.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Oct 11: A U.S. appellate court overturns the sales ban against the Samsung Galaxy Nexus smartphone finding that the district court in California abused its discretion in imposing a preliminary injunction on Galaxy Nexus sales and that Apple did not establish cause for a sales ban.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Oct 18: The Court of Appeal of England and Wales upheld the High Court Judgement that Samsung’s Galaxy Tablet didn’t infringe Apple’s designs

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Oct 23: In a non-final Office action the USPTO declares all 20 claims of Apple’s rubber-banding patent (U.S. Patent No. 7,469,381) invalid, including claim 19, which Apple successfully asserted against Samsung in the summer trial in California. The claims were rejected based on ‘obviousness’ and ‘lack of novelty’.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Nov 5: An Apple lawsuit against Google’s Motorola Mobility over alleged patent abuse is thrown out by a US Federal Court.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Nov 13: HTC settles with Apple and agrees to pay royalties of an undisclosed sum to Apple Inc.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Nov 28: Ericsson, Swedish mobile communication infrastructure manufacturer, sues Samsung over patent infringement on its mobile infrastructure technology in the United States.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Dec 7: Preliminary United States Patent and Trademark Office ruling declares the Steve Jobs patent, U.S. Patent No. 7,479,949, invalid on all 20 claims.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Dec 13: A US federal jury rules that Apple’s iPhone infringed on three mobile device patents belonging to MobileMedia Ideas LLC, a company belonging to Nokia and Sony.

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Dec 17: Judge Koh denies Apple’s motion for permanent injunction against Samsung.[http://www.scribd.com/fullscreen/117196813?access_key=key-1hfpca709cw6tbjlfb7d Apple Denied Motion for Permanent Injunction]

Smartphone wars – 2012

*2012, Dec 26: Samsung Electronics files a complaint against Ericsson with the United States International Trade Commission (USITC) to ban some Ericsson products from sales in the US.

Smartphone wars – 2013

*2013, June: ITC rules iPads infringe on Samsung patents.

Smartphone wars – 2013

*2013, August: ITC ruling from June vetoed, ITC blocks older Samsung phones for violating two Apple patents.

Smartphone wars – 2013

* 2013, Oct 31: Rockstar Consortium, a consortium owned by companies including Apple and Microsoft, starts legal action against Google, Huawei and Samsung, and other makers of Android phones including Asustek, HTC, LG Electronics, Pantech, and ZTE.

Smartphone wars – 2013

* 2013, December 23: Google initiates legal action against Rockstar Consortium with a countersuit filed in San Jose, California.

Smartphone wars – 2014

*2014, February: HTC and Nokia settled all their patent suits with HTC paying an undisclosed amount to Nokia.

Smartphone wars – 2014

*2014, March: The $929 million judgement from the US trial Apple vs. Samsung becomes official. Samsung files a formal appeal.

Dumbphone – Difference between smartphones and feature phones

Because technology changes rapidly, what was a smartphone ten years ago may be considered only a feature phone today

Dumbphone – Difference between smartphones and feature phones

In comparison, the Moto E smartphone, a low-end device designed to be priced competitively to feature phones, only costs around US$120 off-contract direct from the manufacturer.

Friend (Facebook) – Smartphone integration

Many smartphones offer access to the Facebook services either through their web browsers or applications

Wireless modem – Smartphones

Numerous smartphones support the Hayes command set and therefore can be used as a mobile broadband modem, although several mobile network operators charge a fee for this feature

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers

Unrecognized parameter: ‘T,_the_iPhone,_and_Tying_of_Smartphones_and_Service_Providers’

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Places

* Austria’s ISO, 2-letter country code

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Places

** .at, the Internet country code top-level domain for Austria

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Places

* Anguilla, a World Meteorological Organization country code

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Places

* Ashmore and Cartier Islands (FIPS 10-4 territory code and obsolete NATO country code

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Places

* Atchison County, Kansas (county code)

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Places

* Appalachian Trail, an over 2,000 mile long trail in the eastern United States

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Science and technology

* Ampere-turn (symbol), an International System of Units (MKS) unit of magnetomotive force

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Science and technology

* A subdivision equal to 1/100 of a Kip (currency)|Kip, the unit of currency in Laos

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Science and technology

* Attotesla, 10?18 tesla, an SI derived unit of magnetic flux density

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Science and technology

* Technical atmosphere (symbol), physical unit of pressure

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Science and technology

* Ataxia telangiectasia, an immunodeficiency disorder

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Computing

* IBM Personal Computer/AT

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Computing

* Hayes command set for computer modems (all commands begin with the characters AT)

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Computing

* @ (or at sign), the punctuation symbol now typically used in e-mail addresses (and more recently, tweets)

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Computing

* at (Unix), to schedule tasks to be performed at a later date

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Computing

* at (Windows), to schedules other commands to be run at a certain time

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Other uses

* Archive Team, a digital preservation group

AT&T, the iPhone, and Tying of Smartphones and Service Providers – Other uses

* Aviation Electronics Technician, a rating in the United States Navy

Smartphone addiction

‘Mobile phone overuse’ is an issue seen among certain mobile phone users. (Doctors call the issue ‘problem mobile phone use’.)

Smartphone addiction

Some laypeople claim that there can even be such a thing as a mobile phone addiction. However, most doctors do not use any such diagnostic phrase. There is no consensus among doctors that mobile phone addiction would be a useful diagnosis.

For More Information, Visit:

store.theartofservice.com/the-smartphone-toolkit.html

store.theartofservice.com/the-smartphone-toolkit.html