IEEE WiMAX is a telecommunications technology referring specifically to wireless transfer of data in various ways. IEEE WiMAX is based on IEEE 80.16 standard or WirelessMAN. This was made to be able to provide a standards-based technology that would enable the delivery of connectivity from the communications provider to the customer through wireless broadband access. IEEE WiMAX is considered to be an alternative to cable and DSL. Presently, the largest functional IEEE WiMAX is operating in Pakistan.
Why use IEEE WiMAX?
There are several reasons why IEEE WiMAX should be preferred over other telecommunications technology.
First, IEEE WiMAX offers longer range of up to 30 miles. This is sufficient to cover one city.
Second, IEEE WiMAX offers lower cost. A base station only needs under $20,000 to be able to provide clients with T1-class connections.
Third, having an IEEE WiMAX is convenient and practical because companies or communities need not rip down their buildings or streets to be able to lay down the costly cables.
Fourth, it has a high bandwidth because it can provide shared date rates of up to 70 Mb/s. This data rate is sufficient bandwidth for more than 60 businesses with TI type connectivity and over a thousand residential homes.
Fifth, IEEE WiMAX can provide users with two forms of wireless service. The first form is the non line-of-sight and the second form is the line-of-sight. The former operates between 2 to 11 GHz. This is backwards compatible with existing Wi-Fi technologies and can be connected on a small antenna on a computer to the tower. The latter can operate as high as 66GHz because the signal is much better and stable.